sev·en /ˈsɛvən, ˈsɛbṃ/
Sev·en a. One more than six; six and one added; as, seven days make one week.
Seven sciences. See the Note under Science, n., 4.
Seven stars Astron., the Pleiades.
Seven wonders of the world. See under Wonders.
Seven-year apple Bot., a rubiaceous shrub (Genipa clusiifolia) growing in the West Indies; also, its edible fruit.
Seven-year vine Bot., a tropical climbing plant (Ipomœa tuberosa) related to the morning-glory.
1. The number greater by one than six; seven units or objects.
Of every beast, and bird, and insect small,
Game sevens and pairs. --Milton.
2. A symbol representing seven units, as 7, or vii.
adj : being one more than six [syn: 7, vii]
n : the cardinal number that is the sum of six and one [syn: 7,
VII, sevener, heptad, septet]
This number occurs frequently in Scripture, and in such
connections as lead to the supposition that it has some typical
meaning. On the seventh day God rested, and hallowed it (Gen.
2:2, 3). The division of time into weeks of seven days each
accounts for many instances of the occurrence of this number.
This number has been called the symbol of perfection, and also
the symbol of rest. "Jacob's seven years' service to Laban;
Pharaoh's seven fat oxen and seven lean ones; the seven branches
of the golden candlestick; the seven trumpets and the seven
priests who sounded them; the seven days' siege of Jericho; the
seven churches, seven spirits, seven stars, seven seals, seven
vials, and many others, sufficiently prove the importance of
this sacred number" (see Lev. 25:4; 1 Sam. 2:5; Ps. 12:6; 79:12;
Prov. 26:16; Isa. 4:1; Matt. 18:21, 22; Luke 17:4). The feast of
Passover (Ex. 12:15, 16), the feast of Weeks (Deut. 16:9), of
Tabernacles (13:15), and the Jubilee (Lev. 25:8), were all
ordered by seven. Seven is the number of sacrifice (2 Chr.
29:21; Job 42:8), of purification and consecration (Lev. 42:6,
17; 8:11, 33; 14:9, 51), of forgiveness (Matt. 18:21, 22; Luke
17:4), of reward (Deut. 28:7; 1 Sam. 2:5), and of punishment
(Lev. 26:21, 24, 28; Deut. 28:25). It is used for any round
number in such passages as Job 5:19; Prov. 26:16, 25; Isa. 4:1;
Matt. 12:45. It is used also to mean "abundantly" (Gen. 4:15,
24; Lev. 26:24; Ps. 79:12).