job /ˈʤɑb/ 名詞
1. A sudden thrust or stab; a jab.
2. A piece of chance or occasional work; any definite work undertaken in gross for a fixed price; as, he did the job for a thousand dollars.
3. A public transaction done for private profit; something performed ostensibly as a part of official duty, but really for private gain; a corrupt official business.
4. Any affair or event which affects one, whether fortunately or unfortunately. [Colloq.]
5. A situation or opportunity of work; as, he lost his job. [Colloq.]
Note: ☞ Job is used adjectively to signify doing jobs, used for jobs, or let on hire to do jobs; as, job printer; job master; job horse; job wagon, etc.
By the job, at a stipulated sum for the work, or for each piece of work done; -- distinguished from time work; as, the house was built by the job.
Job lot, a quantity of goods, usually miscellaneous, sold out of the regular course of trade, at a certain price for the whole; as, these articles were included in a job lot.
Job master, one who lest out horses and carriages for hire, as for family use. [Eng.]
Job printer, one who does miscellaneous printing, esp. circulars, cards, billheads, etc.
Odd job, miscellaneous work of a petty kind; occasional work, of various kinds, or for various people.
to do a job on, to harm badly or destroy. [slang]
on the job, alert; performing a responsibility well. [slang]
Job v. t. [imp. & p. p. Jobbed p. pr. & vb. n. Jobbing.]
1. To strike or stab with a pointed instrument.
2. To thrust in, as a pointed instrument.
3. To do or cause to be done by separate portions or lots; to sublet (work); as, to job a contract.
4. Com. To buy and sell, as a broker; to purchase of importers or manufacturers for the purpose of selling to retailers; as, to job goods.
5. To hire or let by the job or for a period of service; as, to job a carriage.
Job, v. i.
1. To do chance work for hire; to work by the piece; to do petty work.
Authors of all work, to job for the season. --Moore.
2. To seek private gain under pretense of public service; to turn public matters to private advantage.
And judges job, and bishops bite the town. --Pope.
3. To carry on the business of a jobber in merchandise or stocks.
Job n. The hero of the book of that name in the Old Testament; the prototypical patient man.
Job's comforter. (a) A false friend; a tactless or malicious person who, under pretense of sympathy, insinuates rebukes. (b) A boil. [Colloq.]
Job's news, bad news. --Carlyle.
Job's tears Bot., a kind of grass (Coix Lacryma), with hard, shining, pearly grains.
n 1: the principal activity in your life that you do to earn
money; "he's not in my line of business" [syn: occupation,
business, line of work, line]
2: a specific piece of work required to be done as a duty or
for a specific fee; "estimates of the city's loss on that
job ranged as high as a million dollars"; "the job of
repairing the engine took several hours"; "the endless
task of classifying the samples"; "the farmer's morning
chores" [syn: task, chore]
3: the performance of a piece of work; "she did an outstanding
job as Ophelia"; "he gave it up as a bad job"
4: the responsibility to do something; "it is their job to
print the truth"
5: a workplace; as in the expression "on the job";
6: an object worked on; a result produced by working; "he held
the job in his left hand and worked on it with his right"
7: a state of difficulty that needs to be resolved; "she and
her husband are having problems"; "it is always a job to
contact him"; "urban problems such as traffic congestion
and smog" [syn: problem]
8: a damaging piece of work; "dry rot did the job of destroying
the barn"; "the barber did a real job on my hair"
9: a crime (especially a robbery); "the gang pulled off a bank
job in St. Louis" [syn: caper]
10: a Jewish hero in the Old Testament who maintained his faith
in God in spite of afflictions that tested him
11: any long-suffering person who withstands affliction without
12: (computer science) a program application that may consist of
several steps but is a single logical unit
13: a book in the Old Testament containing Job's pleas to God
about his afflictions and God's reply [syn: Book of Job]
v 1: profit privately from public office and official business
2: arranged for contracted work to be done by others [syn: subcontract,
3: work occasionally; "As a student I jobbed during the
4: invest at a risk; "I bought this house not because I want to
live in it but to sell it later at a good price, so I am
speculating" [syn: speculate]
[also: jobbing, jobbed]
persecuted, an Arabian patriarch who resided in the land of Uz
(q.v.). While living in the midst of great prosperity, he was
suddenly overwhelmed by a series of sore trials that fell upon
him. Amid all his sufferings he maintained his integrity. Once
more God visited him with the rich tokens of his goodness and
even greater prosperity than he had enjoyed before. He survived
the period of trial for one hundred and forty years, and died in
a good old age, an example to succeeding generations of
integrity (Ezek. 14:14, 20) and of submissive patience under the
sorest calamities (James 5:11). His history, so far as it is
known, is recorded in his book.
Job, he that weeps or cries