learn /ˈlɝn/ 動詞
Learn v. t. [imp. & p. p. Learned or Learnt (lẽrnt); p. pr. & vb. n. Learning.]
1. To gain knowledge or information of; to ascertain by inquiry, study, or investigation; to receive instruction concerning; to fix in the mind; to acquire understanding of, or skill; as, to learn the way; to learn a lesson; to learn dancing; to learn to skate; to learn the violin; to learn the truth about something. “Learn to do well.”
Now learn a parable of the fig tree. --Matt. xxiv. 32.
2. To communicate knowledge to; to teach. [Obs.]
Hast thou not learned me how
To make perfumes ? --Shak.
Note: ☞ Learn formerly had also the sense of teach, in accordance with the analogy of the French and other languages, and hence we find it with this sense in Shakespeare, Spenser, and other old writers. This usage has now passed away. To learn is to receive instruction, and to teach is to give instruction. He who is taught learns, not he who teaches.
Learn, v. i. To acquire knowledge or skill; to make progress in acquiring knowledge or skill; to receive information or instruction; as, this child learns quickly.
Take my yoke upon you and learn of me. --Matt. xi. 29.
To learn by heart. See By heart, under Heart.
To learn by rote, to memorize by repetition without exercise of the understanding.
v 1: acquire or gain knowledge or skills; "She learned dancing
from her sister"; "I learned Sanskrit"; "Children
acquire language at an amazing rate" [syn: larn, acquire]
2: get to know or become aware of, usually accidentally; "I
learned that she has two grown-up children"; "I see that
you have been promoted" [syn: hear, get word, get
wind, pick up, find out, get a line, discover, see]
3: commit to memory; learn by heart; "Have you memorized your
lines for the play yet?" [syn: memorize, memorise, con]
4: be a student of a certain subject; "She is reading for the
bar exam" [syn: study, read, take]
5: impart skills or knowledge to; "I taught them French"; "He
instructed me in building a boat" [syn: teach, instruct]
6: find out, learn, or determine with certainty, usually by
making an inquiry or other effort; "I want to see whether
she speaks French"; "See whether it works"; "find out if
he speaks Russian"; "Check whether the train leaves on
time" [syn: determine, check, find out, see, ascertain,