af·fin·i·ty /əˈfɪnətɪ/ 名詞
Af·fin·i·ty n.; pl. Affinities
1. Relationship by marriage (as between a husband and his wife's blood relations, or between a wife and her husband's blood relations); -- in contradistinction to consanguinity, or relationship by blood; -- followed by with, to, or between.
Solomon made affinity with Pharaoh. --1 Kings iii. 1.
2. Kinship generally; close agreement; relation; conformity; resemblance; connection; as, the affinity of sounds, of colors, or of languages.
There is a close affinity between imposture and credulity. --Sir G. C. Lewis.
2. Companionship; acquaintance. [Obs.]
About forty years past, I began a happy affinity with William Cranmer. --Burton.
4. Chem. That attraction which takes place, at an insensible distance, between the heterogeneous particles of bodies, and unites them to form chemical compounds; chemism; chemical or elective affinity or attraction.
5. Nat. Hist. A relation between species or higher groups dependent on resemblance in the whole plan of structure, and indicating community of origin.
6. Spiritualism A superior spiritual relationship or attraction held to exist sometimes between persons, esp. persons of the opposite sex; also, the man or woman who exerts such psychical or spiritual attraction.
n 1: the force attracting atoms to each other and binding them
together in a molecule; "basic dyes have an affinity for
wool and silk" [syn: chemical attraction]
2: (immunology) the attraction between an antigen and an
3: kinship by marriage or adoption; not a blood relationship
[syn: kinship by marriage] [ant: consanguinity]
4: (biology) state of relationship between organisms or groups
of organisms resulting in resemblance in structure or
structural parts; "in anatomical structure prehistoric man
shows close affinity with modern humans" [syn: phylogenetic
5: a close connection marked by community of interests or
similarity in nature or character; "found a natural
affinity with the immigrants"; "felt a deep kinship with
the other students"; "anthropology's kinship with the
humanities" [syn: kinship]
6: inherent resemblance between persons or things
7: a natural attraction or feeling of kinship; "an affinity for
politics"; "the mysterious affinity between them";
"James's affinity with Sam"
relationship by alliance (2 Chr. 18:1) or by marriage (1 Kings
3:1). Marriages are prohibited within certain degrees of
affinity, enumerated Lev. 18:6-17. Consanguinity is relationship