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From: DICT.TW English-Chinese Dictionary 英漢字典

 Sol·o·mon /ˈsɑləmən/

From: Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913)

 Sol·o·mon n. One of the kings of Israel, noted for his superior wisdom and magnificent reign; hence, a very wise man. -- Sol*o*mon*ic a.
 Solomon's seal Bot., a perennial liliaceous plant of the genus Polygonatum, having simple erect or curving stems rising from thick and knotted rootstocks, and with white or greenish nodding flowers. The commonest European species is Polygonatum multiflorum.  Polygonatum biflorum and Polygonatum giganteum are common in the Eastern United States. See Illust. of Rootstock.
 False Solomon's seal Bot., any plant of the liliaceous genus Smilacina having small whitish flowers in terminal racemes or panicles.

From: WordNet (r) 2.0

      n : (Old Testament) son of David and king of Israel noted for
          his wisdom (10th century BC)

From: Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary

    peaceful, (Heb. Shelomoh), David's second son by Bathsheba,
    i.e., the first after their legal marriage (2 Sam. 12). He was
    probably born about B.C. 1035 (1 Chr. 22:5; 29:1). He succeeded
    his father on the throne in early manhood, probably about
    sixteen or eighteen years of age. Nathan, to whom his education
    was intrusted, called him Jedidiah, i.e., "beloved of the Lord"
    (2 Sam. 12:24, 25). He was the first king of Israel "born in the
    purple." His father chose him as his successor, passing over the
    claims of his elder sons: "Assuredly Solomon my son shall reign
    after me." His history is recorded in 1 Kings 1-11 and 2 Chr.
    1-9. His elevation to the throne took place before his father's
    death, and was hastened on mainly by Nathan and Bathsheba, in
    consequence of the rebellion of Adonijah (1 Kings 1:5-40).
    During his long reign of forty years the Hebrew monarchy gained
    its highest splendour. This period has well been called the
    "Augustan age" of the Jewish annals. The first half of his reign
    was, however, by far the brighter and more prosperous; the
    latter half was clouded by the idolatries into which he fell,
    mainly from his heathen intermarriages (1 Kings 11:1-8; 14:21,
      Before his death David gave parting instructions to his son (1
    Kings 2:1-9; 1 Chr. 22:7-16; 28). As soon as he had settled
    himself in his kingdom, and arranged the affairs of his
    extensive empire, he entered into an alliance with Egypt by the
    marriage of the daughter of Pharaoh (1 Kings 3:1), of whom,
    however, nothing further is recorded. He surrounded himself with
    all the luxuries and the external grandeur of an Eastern
    monarch, and his government prospered. He entered into an
    alliance with Hiram, king of Tyre, who in many ways greatly
    assisted him in his numerous undertakings. (See HIRAM.)
      For some years before his death David was engaged in the
    active work of collecting materials (1 Chr. 29:6-9; 2 Chr.
    2:3-7) for building a temple in Jerusalem as a permanent abode
    for the ark of the covenant. He was not permitted to build the
    house of God (1 Chr. 22:8); that honour was reserved to his son
    Solomon. (See TEMPLE.)
      After the completion of the temple, Solomon engaged in the
    erection of many other buildings of importance in Jerusalem and
    in other parts of his kingdom. For the long space of thirteen
    years he was engaged in the erection of a royal palace on Ophel
    (1 Kings 7:1-12). It was 100 cubits long, 50 broad, and 30 high.
    Its lofty roof was supported by forty-five cedar pillars, so
    that the hall was like a forest of cedar wood, and hence
    probably it received the name of "The House of the Forest of
    Lebanon." In front of this "house" was another building, which
    was called the Porch of Pillars, and in front of this again was
    the "Hall of Judgment," or Throne-room (1 Kings 7:7; 10:18-20; 2
    Chr. 9:17-19), "the King's Gate," where he administered justice
    and gave audience to his people. This palace was a building of
    great magnificence and beauty. A portion of it was set apart as
    the residence of the queen consort, the daughter of Pharaoh.
    From the palace there was a private staircase of red and scented
    sandal wood which led up to the temple.
      Solomon also constructed great works for the purpose of
    securing a plentiful supply of water for the city (Eccl. 2:4-6).
    He then built Millo (LXX., "Acra") for the defence of the city,
    completing a line of ramparts around it (1 Kings 9:15, 24;
    11:27). He erected also many other fortifications for the
    defence of his kingdom at various points where it was exposed to
    the assault of enemies (1 Kings 9:15-19; 2 Chr. 8:2-6). Among
    his great undertakings must also be mentioned the building of
    Tadmor (q.v.) in the wilderness as a commercial depot, as well
    as a military outpost.
      During his reign Palestine enjoyed great commercial
    prosperity. Extensive traffic was carried on by land with Tyre
    and Egypt and Arabia, and by sea with Spain and India and the
    coasts of Africa, by which Solomon accumulated vast stores of
    wealth and of the produce of all nations (1 Kings 9:26-28;
    10:11, 12; 2 Chr. 8:17, 18; 9:21). This was the "golden age" of
    Israel. The royal magnificence and splendour of Solomon's court
    were unrivalled. He had seven hundred wives and three hundred
    concubines, an evidence at once of his pride, his wealth, and
    his sensuality. The maintenance of his household involved
    immense expenditure. The provision required for one day was
    "thirty measures of fine flour, and threescore measures of meal,
    ten fat oxen, and twenty oxen out of the pastures, and an
    hundred sheep, beside harts, and roebucks, and fallow-deer, and
    fatted fowl" (1 Kings 4:22, 23).
      Solomon's reign was not only a period of great material
    prosperity, but was equally remarkable for its intellectual
    activity. He was the leader of his people also in this uprising
    amongst them of new intellectual life. "He spake three thousand
    proverbs: and his songs were a thousand and five. And he spake
    of trees, from the cedar tree that is in Lebanon even unto the
    hyssop that springeth out of the wall: he spake also of beasts,
    and of fowl, and of creeping things, and of fishes" (1 Kings
    4:32, 33).
      His fame was spread abroad through all lands, and men came
    from far and near "to hear the wisdom of Solomon." Among others
    thus attracted to Jerusalem was "the queen of the south" (Matt.
    12:42), the queen of Sheba, a country in Arabia Felix. "Deep,
    indeed, must have been her yearning, and great his fame, which
    induced a secluded Arabian queen to break through the immemorial
    custom of her dreamy land, and to put forth the energy required
    for braving the burdens and perils of so long a journey across a
    wilderness. Yet this she undertook, and carried it out with
    safety." (1 Kings 10:1-13; 2 Chr. 9:1-12.) She was filled with
    amazement by all she saw and heard: "there was no more spirit in
    her." After an interchange of presents she returned to her
    native land.
      But that golden age of Jewish history passed away. The bright
    day of Solomon's glory ended in clouds and darkness. His decline
    and fall from his high estate is a sad record. Chief among the
    causes of his decline were his polygamy and his great wealth.
    "As he grew older he spent more of his time among his
    favourites. The idle king living among these idle women, for
    1,000 women, with all their idle and mischievous attendants,
    filled the palaces and pleasure-houses which he had built (1
    Kings 11:3), learned first to tolerate and then to imitate their
    heathenish ways. He did not, indeed, cease to believe in the God
    of Israel with his mind. He did not cease to offer the usual
    sacrifices in the temple at the great feasts. But his heart was
    not right with God; his worship became merely formal; his soul,
    left empty by the dying out of true religious fervour, sought to
    be filled with any religious excitement which offered itself.
    Now for the first time a worship was publicly set up amongst the
    people of the Lord which was not simply irregular or forbidden,
    like that of Gideon (Judg. 8:27), or the Danites (Judg. 18:30,
    31), but was downright idolatrous." (1 Kings 11:7; 2 Kings
      This brought upon him the divine displeasure. His enemies
    prevailed against him (1 Kings 11:14-22, 23-25, 26-40), and one
    judgment after another fell upon the land. And now the end of
    all came, and he died, after a reign of forty years, and was
    buried in the city of David, and "with him was buried the
    short-lived glory and unity of Israel." "He leaves behind him
    but one weak and worthless son, to dismember his kingdom and
    disgrace his name."
      "The kingdom of Solomon," says Rawlinson, "is one of the most
    striking facts in the Biblical history. A petty nation, which
    for hundreds of years has with difficulty maintained a separate
    existence in the midst of warlike tribes, each of which has in
    turn exercised dominion over it and oppressed it, is suddenly
    raised by the genius of a soldier-monarch to glory and
    greatness. An empire is established which extends from the
    Euphrates to the borders of Egypt, a distance of 450 miles; and
    this empire, rapidly constructed, enters almost immediately on a
    period of peace which lasts for half a century. Wealth,
    grandeur, architectural magnificence, artistic excellence,
    commercial enterprise, a position of dignity among the great
    nations of the earth, are enjoyed during this space, at the end
    of which there is a sudden collapse. The ruling nation is split
    in twain, the subject-races fall off, the pre-eminence lately
    gained being wholly lost, the scene of struggle, strife,
    oppression, recovery, inglorious submission, and desperate
    effort, re-commences.", Historical Illustrations.

From: Hitchcock's Bible Names Dictionary (late 1800's)

 Solomon, peaceable; perfect; one who recompenses