pri·vate /ˈpraɪvət/ 形容詞
1. Belonging to, or concerning, an individual person, company, or interest; peculiar to one's self; unconnected with others; personal; one's own; not public; not general; separate; as, a man's private opinion; private property; a private purse; private expenses or interests; a private secretary.
2. Sequestered from company or observation; appropriated to an individual; secret; secluded; lonely; solitary; as, a private room or apartment; private prayer.
Reason . . . then retires
Into her private cell when nature rests. --Milton.
3. Not invested with, or engaged in, public office or employment; as, a private citizen; private life.
A private person may arrest a felon. --Blackstone.
4. Not publicly known; not open; secret; as, a private negotiation; a private understanding.
5. Having secret or private knowledge; privy. [Obs.]
Private act or Private statute, a statute exclusively for the settlement of private and personal interests, of which courts do not take judicial notice; -- opposed to a general law, which operates on the whole community. In the United States Congress, similar private acts are referred to as private law and a general law as a public law.
Private nuisance ∨ wrong. See Nuisance.
Private soldier. See Private, n., 5.
Private way, a right of private passage over another man's ground; also, a road on private land, contrasted with public road, which is on a public right of way.
1. A secret message; a personal unofficial communication. [Obs.]
2. Personal interest; particular business.[Obs.]
Nor must I be unmindful of my private. --B. Jonson.
3. Privacy; retirement. [Archaic] “Go off; I discard you; let me enjoy my private.”
4. One not invested with a public office. [Archaic]
What have kings, that privates have not too? --Shak.
5. Mil. A common soldier; a soldier below the grade of a noncommissioned officer.
6. pl. The private parts; the genitals.
In private, secretly; not openly or publicly.
adj 1: confined to particular persons or groups or providing
privacy; "a private place"; "private discussions";
"private lessons"; "a private club"; "a private
secretary"; "private property"; "the former President
is now a private citizen"; "public figures struggle to
maintain a private life" [ant: public]
2: concerning things deeply private and personal; "private
correspondence"; "private family matters"
3: concerning one person exclusively; "we all have individual
cars"; "each room has a private bath" [syn: individual(a)]
4: not expressed; "secret (or private) thoughts" [syn: secret]
n : an enlisted man of the lowest rank; "our prisoner was just a
private and knew nothing of value" [syn: buck private,