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From: Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913)

 Pri·vate a.
 1. Belonging to, or concerning, an individual person, company, or interest; peculiar to one's self; unconnected with others; personal; one's own; not public; not general; separate; as, a man's private opinion; private property; a private purse; private expenses or interests; a private secretary.
 2. Sequestered from company or observation; appropriated to an individual; secret; secluded; lonely; solitary; as, a private room or apartment; private prayer.
 Reason . . . then retires
 Into her private cell when nature rests.   --Milton.
 3. Not invested with, or engaged in, public office or employment; as, a private citizen; private life.
    A private person may arrest a felon.   --Blackstone.
 4. Not publicly known; not open; secret; as, a private negotiation; a private understanding.
 5. Having secret or private knowledge; privy. [Obs.]
 Private act or Private statute, a statute exclusively for the settlement of private and personal interests, of which courts do not take judicial notice; -- opposed to a general law, which operates on the whole community.  In the United States Congress, similar private acts are referred to as private law and a general law as a public law.
 Private nuisancewrong. See Nuisance.
 Private soldier. See Private, n., 5.
 Private way, a right of private passage over another man's ground; also, a road on private land, contrasted with public road, which is on a public right of way.

From: Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913)

 Spe·cial a.
 1. Of or pertaining to a species; constituting a species or sort.
    A special is called by the schools a =\“species”.\=   --I. Watts.
 2. Particular; peculiar; different from others; extraordinary; uncommon.
    Our Savior is represented everywhere in Scripture as the special patron of the poor and the afficted.   --Atterbury.
    To this special evil an improvement of style would apply a special redress.   --De Quincey.
 3. Appropriate; designed for a particular purpose, occasion, or person; as, a special act of Parliament or of Congress; a special sermon.
 4. Limited in range; confined to a definite field of action, investigation, or discussion; as, a special dictionary of commercial terms; a special branch of study.
 5. Chief in excellence. [Obs.]
 The king hath drawn
 The special head of all the land together.   --Shak.
 Special administration Law, an administration limited to certain specified effects or acts, or one granted during a particular time or the existence of a special cause, as during a controversy respecting the probate of a will, or the right of administration, etc.
 Special agency, an agency confined to some particular matter.
 Special bail, Bail above, or Bail to the action Law, sureties who undertake that, if the defendant is convicted, he shall satisfy the plaintiff, or surrender himself into custody. --Tomlins.  --Wharton (Law Dict.).
 Special constable. See under Constable. --Bouvier.
 Special damage Law, a damage resulting from the act complained of, as a natural, but not the necessary, consequence of it.
 Special demurrer Law, a demurrer for some defect of form in the opposite party pleading, in which the cause of demurrer is particularly stated.
 Special deposit, a deposit made of a specific thing to be kept distinct from others.
 Special homology. Biol. See under Homology.
 Special injuction Law, an injuction granted on special grounds, arising of the circumstances of the case. --Daniell.
 Special issue Law, an issue produced upon a special plea. --Stephen.
 Special jury Law, a jury consisting of persons of some particular calling, station, or qualification, which is called upon motion of either party when the cause is supposed to require it; a struck jury.
 Special orders Mil., orders which do not concern, and are not published to, the whole command, such as those relating to the movement of a particular corps, a detail, a temporary camp, etc.
 Special partner, a limited partner; a partner with a limited or restricted responsibility; -- unknown at common law.
 Special partnership, a limited or particular partnership; -- a term sometimes applied to a partnership in a particular business, operation, or adventure.
 Special plea in bar Law, a plea setting forth particular and new matter, distinguished from the general issue. --Bouvier.
 Special pleader Law, originally, a counsel who devoted himself to drawing special counts and pleas; in a wider sense, a lawyer who draws pleadings.
 Special pleading Law, the allegation of special or new matter, as distingiushed from a direct denial of matter previously alleged on the side. --Bouvier. The popular denomination of the whole science of pleading. --Stephen. The phrase is sometimes popularly applied to the specious, but unsound, argumentation of one whose aim is victory, and not truth. --Burrill.
 Special property Law, a qualified or limited ownership possession, as in wild animals, things found or bailed.
 Special session, an extraordinary session; a session at an unusual time or for an unusual purpose; as, a special session of Congress or of a legislature.
 Special statute, or Special law, an act of the legislature which has reference to a particular person, place, or interest; a private law; -- in distinction from a general law or public law.
 Special verdict Law, a special finding of the facts of the case, leaving to the court the application of the law to them. --Wharton (Law Dict.).
 Syn: -- Peculiar; appropriate; specific; dictinctive; particular; exceptional; singular. See Peculiar.