sol·i·tary /ˈsɑləˌtɛrɪ/ 形容詞
1. Living or being by one's self; having no companion present; being without associates; single; alone; lonely.
Those rare and solitary, these in flocks. --Milton.
Hie home unto my chamber,
Where thou shalt find me, sad and solitary. --Shak.
2. Performed, passed, or endured alone; as, a solitary journey; a solitary life.
Satan . . . explores his solitary flight. --Milton.
3. Not much visited or frequented; remote from society; retired; lonely; as, a solitary residence or place.
4. Not inhabited or occupied; without signs of inhabitants or occupation; desolate; deserted; silent; still; hence, gloomy; dismal; as, the solitary desert.
How doth the city sit solitary, that was full of people. --Lam. i. 1.
Let that night be solitary; let no joyful voice come therein. --Job iii. 7.
5. Single; individual; sole; as, a solitary instance of vengeance; a solitary example.
6. Bot. Not associated with others of the same kind.
Solitary ant Zool., any solitary hymenopterous insect of the family Mutillidae. The female of these insects is destitute of wings and has a powerful sting. The male is winged and resembles a wasp. Called also spider ant.
Solitary bee Zool., any species of bee which does not form communities.
Solitary sandpiper Zool., an American tattler (Totanus solitarius).
Solitary snipe Zool., the great snipe. [Prov. Eng.]
Solitary thrush Zool. the starling. [Prov. Eng.]
Sol·i·ta·ry n. One who lives alone, or in solitude; an anchoret; a hermit; a recluse.
adj 1: characterized by or preferring solitude in mode of life;
"the eremitic element in the life of a religious
colony"; "a lone wolf"; "a man of a solitary
disposition" [syn: eremitic, eremitical, lone(a)]
2: of plants and animals; not growing or living in groups or
colonies; "solitary bees" [syn: nongregarious, nonsocial]
3: lacking companions or companionship; "he was alone when we
met him"; "she is alone much of the time"; "the lone skier
on the mountain"; "a lonely fisherman stood on a tuft of
gravel"; "a lonely soul"; "a solitary traveler" [syn: alone(p),
4: enjoyed or performed alone; "a lonely existence"; "his
lonely room"; "took a solitary walk"; "enjoyed her
solitary dinner"; "solitary pursuits such as reading"
5: being the only one; single and isolated from others; "the
lone doctor in the entire county"; "a lonesome pine"; "an
only child"; "the sole heir"; "the sole example"; "a
solitary instance of cowardice"; "a solitary speck in the
sky" [syn: lone(a), lonesome(a), only(a), sole(a),
6: separated from or unfrequented by others; remote or
secluded; "a lonely crossroads"; "a solitary retreat"; "a
trail leading to an unfrequented lake" [syn: lonely(a),
n 1: confinement of a prisoner in isolation from other prisoners;
"he was held in solitary" [syn: solitary confinement]
2: one who lives in solitude [syn: hermit, recluse, solitudinarian,