col·o·ny /ˈkɑlənɪ/ 名詞
Col·o·ny n.; pl. Colonies
1. A company of people transplanted from their mother country to a remote province or country, and remaining subject to the jurisdiction of the parent state; as, the British colonies in America.
The first settlers of New England were the best of Englishmen, well educated, devout Christians, and zealous lovers of liberty. There was never a colony formed of better materials. --Ames.
2. The district or country colonized; a settlement.
4. A company of persons from the same country sojourning in a foreign city or land; as, the American colony in Paris.
5. Nat. Hist. A number of animals or plants living or growing together, beyond their usual range.
7. Zool. A cluster or aggregation of zooids of any compound animal, as in the corals, hydroids, certain tunicates, etc.
8. Zool. A community of social insects, as ants, bees, etc.
n 1: a body of people who settle far from home but maintain ties
with their homeland; inhabitants remain nationals of
their home state but are not literally under the home
state's system of government [syn: settlement]
2: a group of animals of the same type living together
3: one of the 13 British colonies that formed the original
states of the United States
4: a geographical area politically controlled by a distant
country [syn: dependency]
5: (microbiology) a group of organisms grown from a single
The city of Philippi was a Roman colony (Acts 16:12), i.e., a
military settlement of Roman soldiers and citizens, planted
there to keep in subjection a newly-conquered district. A colony
was Rome in miniature, under Roman municipal law, but governed
by military officers (praetors and lictors), not by proconsuls.
It had an independent internal government, the jus Italicum;
i.e., the privileges of Italian citizens.