range /ˈrenʤ/ 名詞
範圍 距離 值域
Range v. t. [imp. & p. p. Ranged p. pr. & vb. n. Ranging ]
1. To set in a row, or in rows; to place in a regular line or lines, or in ranks; to dispose in the proper order; to rank; as, to range soldiers in line.
Maccabeus ranged his army by bands. --2 Macc. xii. 20.
2. To place (as a single individual) among others in a line, row, or order, as in the ranks of an army; -- usually, reflexively and figuratively, (in the sense) to espouse a cause, to join a party, etc.
It would be absurd in me to range myself on the side of the Duke of Bedford and the corresponding society. --Burke.
3. To separate into parts; to sift. [Obs.]
4. To dispose in a classified or in systematic order; to arrange regularly; as, to range plants and animals in genera and species.
5. To rove over or through; as, to range the fields.
Teach him to range the ditch, and force the brake. --Gay.
6. To sail or pass in a direction parallel to or near; as, to range the coast.
Note: ☞ Compare the last two senses (5 and 6) with the French ranger une côte.
7. Biol. To be native to, or to live in; to frequent.
Range, v. i.
1. To rove at large; to wander without restraint or direction; to roam.
Like a ranging spaniel that barks at every bird he sees. --Burton.
2. To have range; to change or differ within limits; to be capable of projecting, or to admit of being projected, especially as to horizontal distance; as, the temperature ranged through seventy degrees Fahrenheit; the gun ranges three miles; the shot ranged four miles.
3. To be placed in order; to be ranked; to admit of arrangement or classification; to rank.
And range with humble livers in content. --Shak.
4. To have a certain direction; to correspond in direction; to be or keep in a corresponding line; to trend or run; -- often followed by with; as, the front of a house ranges with the street; to range along the coast.
Which way the forests range. --Dryden.
5. Biol. To be native to, or live in, a certain district or region; as, the peba ranges from Texas to Paraguay.
Syn: -- To rove; roam; ramble; wander; stroll.
1. A series of things in a line; a row; a rank; as, a range of buildings; a range of mountains.
2. An aggregate of individuals in one rank or degree; an order; a class.
The next range of beings above him are the immaterial intelligences. --Sir M. Hale.
3. The step of a ladder; a rung.
4. A kitchen grate. [Obs.]
He was bid at his first coming to take off the range, and let down the cinders. --L'Estrange.
5. An extended cooking apparatus of cast iron, set in brickwork, and affording conveniences for various ways of cooking; also, a kind of cooking stove.
6. A bolting sieve to sift meal. [Obs. or Prov. Eng.]
7. A wandering or roving; a going to and fro; an excursion; a ramble; an expedition.
He may take a range all the world over. --South.
8. That which may be ranged over; place or room for excursion; especially, a region of country in which cattle or sheep may wander and pasture.
9. Extent or space taken in by anything excursive; compass or extent of excursion; reach; scope; discursive power; as, the range of one's voice, or authority.
Far as creation's ample range extends. --Pope.
The range and compass of Hammond's knowledge filled the whole circle of the arts. --Bp. Fell.
A man has not enough range of thought. --Addison.
10. Biol. The region within which a plant or animal naturally lives.
11. Gun. (a) The horizontal distance to which a shot or other projectile is carried. (b) Sometimes, less properly, the trajectory of a shot or projectile. (c) A place where shooting, as with cannons or rifles, is practiced.
12. In the public land system of the United States, a row or line of townships lying between two successive meridian lines six miles apart.
Note: ☞ The meridians included in each great survey are numbered in order east and west from the “principal meridian” of that survey, and the townships in the range are numbered north and south from the “base line,” which runs east and west; as, township No. 6, N., range 7, W., from the fifth principal meridian.
13. Naut. See Range of cable, below.
Range of accommodation Optics, the distance between the near point and the far point of distinct vision, -- usually measured and designated by the strength of the lens which if added to the refracting media of the eye would cause the rays from the near point to appear as if they came from the far point.
Range finder Gunnery, an instrument, or apparatus, variously constructed, for ascertaining the distance of an inaccessible object, -- used to determine what elevation must be given to a gun in order to hit the object; a position finder.
Range of cable Naut., a certain length of slack cable ranged along the deck preparatory to letting go the anchor.
Range work Masonry, masonry of squared stones laid in courses each of which is of even height throughout the length of the wall; -- distinguished from broken range work, which consists of squared stones laid in courses not continuously of even height.
To get the range of (an object) Gun., to find the angle at which the piece must be raised to reach (the object) without carrying beyond.
n 1: an area in which something acts or operates or has power or
control: "the range of a supersonic jet"; "the ambit of
municipal legislation"; "within the compass of this
article"; "within the scope of an investigation";
"outside the reach of the law"; "in the political orbit
of a world power" [syn: scope, reach, orbit, compass,
2: the limits within which something can be effective; "range
of motion"; "he was beyond the reach of their fire" [syn:
3: a large tract of grassy open land on which livestock can
graze; "they used to drive the cattle across the open
range every spring"; "he dreamed of a home on the range"
4: a series of hills or mountains; "the valley was between two
ranges of hills"; "the plains lay just beyond the mountain
range" [syn: mountain range, range of mountains, chain,
mountain chain, chain of mountains]
5: a place for shooting (firing or driving) projectiles of
various kinds; "the army maintains a missile range in the
desert"; "any good golf club will have a range where you
6: the limits of the values a function can take; "the range of
this function is the interval from 0 to 1"
7: a variety of different things or activities; "he answered a
range of questions"; "he was impressed by the range and
diversity of the collection"
8: the limit of capability; "within the compass of education"
[syn: compass, reach, grasp]
9: a kitchen appliance used for cooking food; "dinner was
already on the stove" [syn: stove, kitchen stove, kitchen
range, cooking stove]
v 1: change or be different within limits; "Estimates for the
losses in the earthquake range as high as $2 billion";
"Interest rates run from 5 to 10 percent"; "The
instruments ranged from tuba to cymbals"; "My students
range from very bright to dull" [syn: run]
2: move about aimlessly or without any destination, often in
search of food or employment; "The gypsies roamed the
woods"; "roving vagabonds"; "the wandering Jew"; "The
cattle roam across the prairie"; "the laborers drift from
one town to the next"; "They rolled from town to town"
[syn: roll, wander, swan, stray, tramp, roam,
cast, ramble, rove, drift, vagabond]
3: have a range; be capable of projecting over a certain
distance, as of a gun; "This gun ranges over two miles"
4: range or extend over; occupy a certain area; "The plants
straddle the entire state" [syn: straddle]
5: lay out in a line [syn: array, lay out, set out]
6: feed as in a meadow or pasture; "the herd was grazing" [syn:
crop, browse, graze, pasture]
7: let eat; "range the animals in the prairie"
8: assign a rank or rating to; "how would you rank these
students?"; "The restaurant is rated highly in the food
guide" [syn: rate, rank, order, grade, place]