run /ˈræn/ 不及物動詞
Run v. i. [imp. Ran or Run; p. p. Run; p. pr. & vb. n. Running.]
1. To move, proceed, advance, pass, go, come, etc., swiftly, smoothly, or with quick action; -- said of things animate or inanimate. Hence, to flow, glide, or roll onward, as a stream, a snake, a wagon, etc.; to move by quicker action than in walking, as a person, a horse, a dog. Specifically: --
2. Of voluntary or personal action: (a) To go swiftly; to pass at a swift pace; to hasten.
=\“Ha, ha, the fox!” and after him they ran.\= --Chaucer.
(b) To flee, as from fear or danger.
As from a bear a man would run for life. --Shak.
(c) To steal off; to depart secretly.
(d) To contend in a race; hence, to enter into a contest; to become a candidate; as, to run for Congress.
Know ye not that they which run in a race run all, but one receiveth the prize? So run, that ye may obtain. --1 Cor. ix. 24.
(e) To pass from one state or condition to another; to come into a certain condition; -- often with in or into; as, to run into evil practices; to run in debt.
Have I not cause to rave and beat my breast, to rend my heart with grief and run distracted? --Addison.
(f) To exert continuous activity; to proceed; as, to run through life; to run in a circle. (g) To pass or go quickly in thought or conversation; as, to run from one subject to another.
Virgil, in his first Georgic, has run into a set of precepts foreign to his subject. --Addison.
(h) To discuss; to continue to think or speak about something; -- with on. (i) To make numerous drafts or demands for payment, as upon a bank; -- with on. (j) To creep, as serpents.
3. Of involuntary motion: (a) To flow, as a liquid; to ascend or descend; to course; as, rivers run to the sea; sap runs up in the spring; her blood ran cold. (b) To proceed along a surface; to extend; to spread.
The fire ran along upon the ground. --Ex. ix. 23.
(c) To become fluid; to melt; to fuse.
As wax dissolves, as ice begins to run. --Addison.
Sussex iron ores run freely in the fire. --Woodward.
(d) To turn, as a wheel; to revolve on an axis or pivot; as, a wheel runs swiftly round. (e) To travel; to make progress; to be moved by mechanical means; to go; as, the steamboat runs regularly to Albany; the train runs to Chicago. (f) To extend; to reach; as, the road runs from Philadelphia to New York; the memory of man runneth not to the contrary.
She saw with joy the line immortal run,
Each sire impressed, and glaring in his son. --Pope.
(g) To go back and forth from place to place; to ply; as, the stage runs between the hotel and the station. (h) To make progress; to proceed; to pass.
As fast as our time runs, we should be very glad in most part of our lives that it ran much faster. --Addison.
(i) To continue in operation; to be kept in action or motion; as, this engine runs night and day; the mill runs six days in the week.
When we desire anything, our minds run wholly on the good circumstances of it; when it is obtained, our minds run wholly on the bad ones. --Swift.
(j) To have a course or direction; as, a line runs east and west.
Where the generally allowed practice runs counter to it. --Locke.
Little is the wisdom, where the flight
So runs against all reason. --Shak.
(k) To be in form thus, as a combination of words.
The king's ordinary style runneth, =\“Our sovereign lord the king.”\= --Bp. Sanderson.
(l) To be popularly known; to be generally received.
Men gave them their own names, by which they run a great while in Rome. --Sir W. Temple.
Neither was he ignorant what report ran of himself. --Knolles.
(m) To have growth or development; as, boys and girls run up rapidly.
If the richness of the ground cause turnips to run to leaves. --Mortimer.
(n) To tend, as to an effect or consequence; to incline.
A man's nature runs either to herbs or weeds. --Bacon.
Temperate climates run into moderate governments. --Swift.
(o) To spread and blend together; to unite; as, colors run in washing.
In the middle of a rainbow the colors are . . . distinguished, but near the borders they run into one another. --I. Watts.
(p) To have a legal course; to be attached; to continue in force, effect, or operation; to follow; to go in company; as, certain covenants run with the land.
Customs run only upon our goods imported or exported, and that but once for all; whereas interest runs as well upon our ships as goods, and must be yearly paid. --Sir J. Child.
(q) To continue without falling due; to hold good; as, a note has thirty days to run. (r) To discharge pus or other matter; as, an ulcer runs. (s) To be played on the stage a number of successive days or nights; as, the piece ran for six months. (t) Naut. To sail before the wind, in distinction from reaching or sailing closehauled; -- said of vessels.
4. Specifically, of a horse: To move rapidly in a gait in which each leg acts in turn as a propeller and a supporter, and in which for an instant all the limbs are gathered in the air under the body.
5. Athletics To move rapidly by springing steps so that there is an instant in each step when neither foot touches the ground; -- so distinguished from walking in athletic competition.
As things run, according to the usual order, conditions, quality, etc.; on the average; without selection or specification.
To let run Naut., to allow to pass or move freely; to slacken or loosen.
To run after, to pursue or follow; to search for; to endeavor to find or obtain; as, to run after similes. --Locke.
To run away, to flee; to escape; to elope; to run without control or guidance.
To run away with. (a) To convey away hurriedly; to accompany in escape or elopement. (b) To drag rapidly and with violence; as, a horse runs away with a carriage.
To run down. (a) To cease to work or operate on account of the exhaustion of the motive power; -- said of clocks, watches, etc. (b) To decline in condition; as, to run down in health.
To run down a coast, to sail along it.
To run for an office, to stand as a candidate for an office.
To run in or To run into. (a) To enter; to step in. (b) To come in collision with.
To run into To meet, by chance; as, I ran into my brother at the grocery store.
To run in trust, to run in debt; to get credit. [Obs.]
To run in with. (a) To close; to comply; to agree with. [R.] --T. Baker. (b) Naut. To make toward; to near; to sail close to; as, to run in with the land.
To run mad, To run mad after or To run mad on. See under Mad.
To run on. (a) To be continued; as, their accounts had run on for a year or two without a settlement. (b) To talk incessantly. (c) To continue a course. (d) To press with jokes or ridicule; to abuse with sarcasm; to bear hard on. (e) Print. To be continued in the same lines, without making a break or beginning a new paragraph.
To run out. (a) To come to an end; to expire; as, the lease runs out at Michaelmas. (b) To extend; to spread. “Insectile animals . . . run all out into legs.” --Hammond. (c) To expatiate; as, to run out into beautiful digressions. (d) To be wasted or exhausted; to become poor; to become extinct; as, an estate managed without economy will soon run out.
And had her stock been less, no doubt
She must have long ago run out. --Dryden.
-- To run over. (a) To overflow; as, a cup runs over, or the liquor runs over. (b) To go over, examine, or rehearse cursorily. (c) To ride or drive over; as, to run over a child.
To run riot, to go to excess.
To run through. (a) To go through hastily; as to run through a book. (b) To spend wastefully; as, to run through an estate.
To run to seed, to expend or exhaust vitality in producing seed, as a plant; figuratively and colloquially, to cease growing; to lose vital force, as the body or mind.
To run up, to rise; to swell; to grow; to increase; as, accounts of goods credited run up very fast.
But these, having been untrimmed for many years, had run up into great bushes, or rather dwarf trees. --Sir W. Scott.
-- To run with. (a) To be drenched with, so that streams flow; as, the streets ran with blood. (b) To flow while charged with some foreign substance. “Its rivers ran with gold.” --J. H. Newman.
Run v. t.
1. To cause to run (in the various senses of Run, v. i.); as, to run a horse; to run a stage; to run a machine; to run a rope through a block.
2. To pursue in thought; to carry in contemplation.
To run the world back to its first original. --South.
I would gladly understand the formation of a soul, and run it up to its =\“punctum saliens.”\= --Collier.
3. To cause to enter; to thrust; as, to run a sword into or through the body; to run a nail into the foot.
You run your head into the lion's mouth. --Sir W. Scott.
Having run his fingers through his hair. --Dickens.
4. To drive or force; to cause, or permit, to be driven.
They ran the ship aground. --Acts xxvii. 41.
A talkative person runs himself upon great inconveniences by blabbing out his own or other's secrets. --Ray.
Others, accustomed to retired speculations, run natural philosophy into metaphysical notions. --Locke.
5. To fuse; to shape; to mold; to cast; as, to run bullets, and the like.
The purest gold must be run and washed. --Felton.
6. To cause to be drawn; to mark out; to indicate; to determine; as, to run a line.
7. To cause to pass, or evade, offical restrictions; to smuggle; -- said of contraband or dutiable goods.
Heavy impositions . . . are a strong temptation of running goods. --Swift.
8. To go through or accomplish by running; as, to run a race; to run a certain career.
9. To cause to stand as a candidate for office; to support for office; as, to run some one for Congress. [Colloq. U.S.]
10. To encounter or incur, as a danger or risk; as, to run the risk of losing one's life. See To run the chances, below. “He runneth two dangers.”
11. To put at hazard; to venture; to risk.
He would himself be in the Highlands to receive them, and run his fortune with them. --Clarendon.
12. To discharge; to emit; to give forth copiously; to be bathed with; as, the pipe or faucet runs hot water.
At the base of Pompey's statua,
Which all the while ran blood, great Caesar fell. --Shak.
13. To be charged with, or to contain much of, while flowing; as, the rivers ran blood.
14. To conduct; to manage; to carry on; as, to run a factory or a hotel. [Colloq. U.S.]
15. To tease with sarcasms and ridicule. [Colloq.]
16. To sew, as a seam, by passing the needle through material in a continuous line, generally taking a series of stitches on the needle at the same time.
17. To migrate or move in schools; -- said of fish; esp., to ascend a river in order to spawn.
18. Golf To strike (the ball) in such a way as to cause it to run along the ground, as when approaching a hole.
To run a blockade, to get to, or away from, a blockaded port in safety.
To run down. (a) Hunting To chase till the object pursued is captured or exhausted; as, to run down a stag. (b) Naut. To run against and sink, as a vessel. (c) To crush; to overthrow; to overbear. “Religion is run down by the license of these times.” --Berkeley. (d) To disparage; to traduce. --F. W. Newman.
To run hard. (a) To press in competition; as, to run one hard in a race. (b) To urge or press importunately. (c) To banter severely.
To run into the ground, to carry to an absurd extreme; to overdo. [Slang, U.S.]
To run off, to cause to flow away, as a charge of molten metal from a furnace.
To run on Print., to carry on or continue, as the type for a new sentence, without making a break or commencing a new paragraph.
To run out. (a) To thrust or push out; to extend. (b) To waste; to exhaust; as, to run out an estate. (c) Baseball To put out while running between two bases. Also called to run out.
To run the chances or To run one's chances, to encounter all the risks of a certain course.
To run through, to transfix; to pierce, as with a sword. “[He] was run through the body by the man who had asked his advice.” --Addison.
To run up. (a) To thrust up, as anything long and slender. (b) To increase; to enlarge by additions, as an account. (c) To erect hastily, as a building.
1. The act of running; as, a long run; a good run; a quick run; to go on the run.
2. A small stream; a brook; a creek.
3. That which runs or flows in the course of a certain operation, or during a certain time; as, a run of must in wine making; the first run of sap in a maple orchard.
4. A course; a series; that which continues in a certain course or series; as, a run of good or bad luck.
They who made their arrangements in the first run of misadventure . . . put a seal on their calamities. --Burke.
5. State of being current; currency; popularity.
It is impossible for detached papers to have a general run, or long continuance, if not diversified with humor. --Addison.
6. Continued repetition on the stage; -- said of a play; as, to have a run of a hundred successive nights.
A canting, mawkish play . . . had an immense run. --Macaulay.
7. A continuing urgent demand; especially, a pressure on a bank or treasury for payment of its notes.
8. A range or extent of ground for feeding stock; as, a sheep run.
9. Naut. (a) The aftermost part of a vessel's hull where it narrows toward the stern, under the quarter. (b) The distance sailed by a ship; as, a good run; a run of fifty miles. (c) A voyage; as, a run to China.
10. A pleasure excursion; a trip. [Colloq.]
I think of giving her a run in London. --Dickens.
11. Mining The horizontal distance to which a drift may be carried, either by license of the proprietor of a mine or by the nature of the formation; also, the direction which a vein of ore or other substance takes.
12. Mus. A roulade, or series of running tones.
13. Mil. The greatest degree of swiftness in marching. It is executed upon the same principles as the double-quick, but with greater speed.
14. The act of migrating, or ascending a river to spawn; -- said of fish; also, an assemblage or school of fishes which migrate, or ascend a river for the purpose of spawning.
15. Sport In baseball, a complete circuit of the bases made by a player, which enables him to score one point; also, the point thus scored; in cricket, a passing from one wicket to the other, by which one point is scored; as, a player made three runs; the side went out with two hundred runs; the Yankees scored three runs in the seventh inning.
The =\“runs” are made from wicket to wicket, the batsmen interchanging ends at each run.\= --R. A. Proctor.
16. A pair or set of millstones.
17. Piquet, Cribbage, etc. A number of cards of the same suit in sequence; as, a run of four in hearts.
18. Golf (a) The movement communicated to a golf ball by running. (b) The distance a ball travels after touching the ground from a stroke.
At the long run, now, commonly, In the long run, in or during the whole process or course of things taken together; in the final result; in the end; finally.
[Man] starts the inferior of the brute animals, but he surpasses them in the long run. --J. H. Newman.
-- Home run. (a) A running or returning toward home, or to the point from which the start was made. Cf. Home stretch. (b) Baseball See under Home.
The run, or The common run, or The run of the mill etc., ordinary persons; the generality or average of people or things; also, that which ordinarily occurs; ordinary current, course, or kind.
I saw nothing else that is superior to the common run of parks. --Walpole.
Burns never dreamed of looking down on others as beneath him, merely because he was conscious of his own vast superiority to the common run of men. --Prof. Wilson.
His whole appearance was something out of the common run. --W. Irving.
-- To let go by the run Naut., to loosen and let run freely, as lines; to let fall without restraint, as a sail.
1. Melted, or made from molten material; cast in a mold; as, run butter; run iron or lead.
2. Smuggled; as, run goods. [Colloq.]
Run steel, malleable iron castings. See under Malleable.
n 1: a score in baseball made by a runner touching all four bases
safely; "the Yankees scored 3 runs in the bottom of the
9th"; "their first tally came in the 3rd inning" [syn: tally]
2: the act of testing something; "in the experimental trials
the amount of carbon was measured separately"; "he called
each flip of the coin a new trial" [syn: test, trial]
3: a race run on foot; "she broke the record for the half-mile
run" [syn: footrace, foot race]
4: an unbroken series of events; "had a streak of bad luck";
"Nicklaus had a run of birdies" [syn: streak]
5: (American football) a play in which a player runs with the
ball; "the defensive line braced to stop the run"; "the
coach put great emphasis on running" [syn: running, running
play, running game]
6: a regular trip; "the ship made its run in record time"
7: the act of running; traveling on foot at a fast pace; "he
broke into a run"; "his daily run keeps him fit" [syn: running]
8: the continuous period of time during which something (a
machine or a factory) operates or continues in operation;
"the assembly line was on a 12-hour run"
9: unrestricted freedom to use; "he has the run of the house"
10: the production achieved during a continuous period of
operation (of a machine or factory etc.); "a daily run of
100,000 gallons of paint"
11: a small stream [syn: rivulet, rill, runnel, streamlet]
12: a race between candidates for elective office; "I managed
his campaign for governor"; "he is raising money for a
Senate run" [syn: political campaign, campaign]
13: a row of unravelled stitches; "she got a run in her
stocking" [syn: ladder, ravel]
14: the pouring forth of a fluid [syn: discharge, outpouring]
15: an unbroken chronological sequence; "the play had a long run
on Broadway"; "the team enjoyed a brief run of victories"
16: a short trip; "take a run into town"
v 1: move fast by using one's feet, with one foot off the ground
at any given time; "Don't run--you'll be out of breath";
"The children ran to the store"
2: flee; take to one's heels; cut and run; "If you see this
man, run!"; "The burglars escaped before the police showed
up" [syn: scarper, turn tail, lam, run away, hightail
it, bunk, head for the hills, take to the woods, escape,
fly the coop, break away]
3: stretch out over a distance, space, time, or scope; run or
extend between two points or beyond a certain point;
"Service runs all the way to Cranbury"; "His knowledge
doesn't go very far"; "My memory extends back to my fourth
year of life"; "The facts extend beyond a consideration of
her personal assets" [syn: go, pass, lead, extend]
4: direct or control; projects, businesses, etc.; "She is
running a relief operation in the Sudan" [syn: operate]
5: have a particular form; "the story or argument runs as
follows"; "as the saying goes..." [syn: go]
6: move along, of liquids; "Water flowed into the cave"; "the
Missouri feeds into the Mississippi" [syn: flow, feed,
7: perform as expected when applied; "The washing machine won't
go unless it's plugged in"; "Does this old car still run
well?"; "This old radio doesn't work anymore" [syn: function,
work, operate, go] [ant: malfunction]
8: change or be different within limits; "Estimates for the
losses in the earthquake range as high as $2 billion";
"Interest rates run from 5 to 10 percent"; "The
instruments ranged from tuba to cymbals"; "My students
range from very bright to dull" [syn: range]
9: run, stand, or compete for an office or a position; "Who's
running for treasurer this year?" [syn: campaign]
10: cause to emit recorded sounds; "They ran the tapes over and
over again"; "Can you play my favorite record?" [syn: play]
11: move about freely and without restraint, or act as if
running around in an uncontrolled way; "who are these
people running around in the building?"; "She runs around
telling everyone of her troubles"; "let the dogs run
12: have a tendency or disposition to do or be something; be
inclined; "She tends to be nervous before her lectures";
"These dresses run small"; "He inclined to corpulence"
[syn: tend, be given, lean, incline]
13: carry out a process or program, as on a computer or a
machine; "Run the dishwasher"; "run a new program on the
Mac"; "the computer executed the instruction" [syn: execute]
14: be operating, running or functioning; "The car is still
running--turn it off!" [ant: idle]
15: change from one state to another; "run amok"; "run rogue";
16: cause to perform; "run a subject"; "run a process"
17: be affected by; be subjected to; "run a temperature"; "run a
18: continue to exist; "These stories die hard"; "The legend of
Elvis endures" [syn: prevail, persist, die hard, endure]
19: occur persistently; "Musical talent runs in the family"
20: include as the content; broadcast or publicize; "We ran the
ad three times"; "This paper carries a restaurant
review"; "All major networks carried the press
conference" [syn: carry]
21: carry out; "run an errand"
22: guide or pass over something; "He ran his eyes over her
body"; "She ran her fingers along the carved figurine";
"He drew her hair through his fingers" [syn: guide, draw,
23: cause something to pass or lead somewhere; "Run the wire
behind the cabinet" [syn: lead]
24: make without a miss
25: deal in illegally, such as arms or liquor [syn: black
26: cause an animal to move fast; "run the dogs"
27: be diffused; "These dyes and colors are guaranteed not to
run" [syn: bleed]
28: sail before the wind
29: cover by running; run a certain distance; "She ran 10 miles
30: extend or continue for a certain period of time; "The film
runs 5 hours" [syn: run for]
31: set animals loose to graze
32: keep company; "the heifers run with the bulls ot produce
offspring" [syn: consort]
33: run with the ball; in such sports as football
34: travel rapidly, by any (unspecified) means; "Run to the
store!"; "She always runs to Italy, because she has a
35: travel a route regularly; "Ships ply the waters near the
coast" [syn: ply]
36: pursue for food or sport (as of wild animals); "Goering
often hunted wild boars in Poland"; "The dogs are running
deer"; "The Duke hunted in these woods" [syn: hunt, hunt
down, track down]
37: compete in a race; "he is running the Marathon this year";
"let's race and see who gets there first" [syn: race]
38: progress by being changed; "The speech has to go through
several more drafts"; "run through your presentation
before the meeting" [syn: move, go]
39: reduce or cause to be reduced from a solid to a liquid
state, usually by heating; "melt butter"; "melt down
gold"; "The wax melted in the sun" [syn: melt, melt
40: come unraveled or undone as if by snagging; "Her nylons were
running" [syn: ladder]
41: become undone; "the sweater unraveled" [syn: unravel]
[also: running, ran]