re·lief /rɪˈlɪf/ 名詞
1. The act of relieving, or the state of being relieved; the removal, or partial removal, of any evil, or of anything oppressive or burdensome, by which some ease is obtained; succor; alleviation; comfort; ease; redress.
He sees the dire contagion spread so fast,
That, where it seizes, all relief is vain. --Dryden.
2. Release from a post, or from the performance of duty, by the intervention of others, by discharge, or by relay; as, a relief of a sentry.
For this relief much thanks; 'tis bitter cold. --Shak.
3. That which removes or lessens evil, pain, discomfort, uneasiness, etc.; that which gives succor, aid, or comfort; also, the person who relieves from performance of duty by taking the place of another; a relay.
4. Feudal Law A fine or composition which the heir of a deceased tenant paid to the lord for the privilege of taking up the estate, which, on strict feudal principles, had lapsed or fallen to the lord on the death of the tenant.
5. Sculp. & Arch. The projection of a figure above the ground or plane on which it is formed.
Note: ☞ Relief is of three kinds, namely, high relief (altorilievo), low relief, (basso-rilievo), and demirelief (mezzo-rilievo). See these terms in the Vocabulary.
6. Paint. The appearance of projection given by shading, shadow, etc., to any figure.
7. Fort. The height to which works are raised above the bottom of the ditch.
8. Physical Geog. The elevations and surface undulations of a country.
Relief valve, a valve arranged for relieving pressure of steam, gas, or liquid; an escape valve.
Syn: -- Alleviation; mitigation; aid; help; succor; assistance; remedy; redress; indemnification.
n 1: the feeling that comes when something burdensome is removed
or reduced; "as he heard the news he was suddenly
flooded with relief" [syn: alleviation, assuagement]
2: the condition of being comfortable or relieved (especially
after being relieved of distress); "he enjoyed his relief
from responsibility"; "getting it off his conscience gave
him some ease" [syn: ease]
3: (law) redress awarded by a court; "was the relief supposed
to be protection from future harm or compensation for past
4: someone who takes the place of another (as when things get
dangerous or difficult); "the star had a stand-in for
dangerous scenes"; "we need extra employees for summer
fill-ins" [syn: stand-in, substitute, reliever, backup,
backup man, fill-in]
5: assistance in time of difficulty; "the contributions
provided some relief for the victims" [syn: succor, succour,
6: a pause for relaxation; "people actually accomplish more
when they take time for short rests" [syn: respite, rest,
7: a change for the better [syn: easing, moderation]
8: aid for the aged or indigent or handicapped; "he has been on
relief for many years"
9: the act of reducing something unpleasant (as pain or
annoyance); "he asked the nurse for relief from the
constant pain" [syn: easing, easement, alleviation]
10: sculpture consisting of shapes carved on a surface so as to
stand out from the surrounding background [syn: relievo,
rilievo, embossment, sculptural relief]
11: the act of freeing a city or town that has been besieged;
"he asked for troops for the relief of Atlanta"