cold /ˈkold/ 形容詞
1. The relative absence of heat or warmth.
2. The sensation produced by the escape of heat; chilliness or chillness.
When she saw her lord prepared to part,
A deadly cold ran shivering to her heart. --Dryden.
3. Med. A morbid state of the animal system produced by exposure to cold or dampness; a catarrh.
Cold sore Med., a vesicular eruption appearing about the mouth as the result of a cold, or in the course of any disease attended with fever.
To leave one out in the cold, to overlook or neglect him. [Colloq.]
Cold a. [Compar. Colder superl. Coldest.]
1. Deprived of heat, or having a low temperature; not warm or hot; gelid; frigid. “The snowy top of cold Olympis.”
2. Lacking the sensation of warmth; suffering from the absence of heat; chilly; shivering; as, to be cold.
3. Not pungent or acrid. “Cold plants.”
4. Wanting in ardor, intensity, warmth, zeal, or passion; spiritless; unconcerned; reserved.
A cold and unconcerned spectator. --T. Burnet.
No cold relation is a zealous citizen. --Burke.
5. Unwelcome; disagreeable; unsatisfactory. “Cold news for me.” “Cold comfort.”
6. Wanting in power to excite; dull; uninteresting.
What a deal of cold business doth a man misspend the better part of life in! --B. Jonson.
The jest grows cold . . . when in comes on in a second scene. --Addison.
7. Affecting the sense of smell (as of hunting dogs) but feebly; having lost its odor; as, a cold scent.
8. Not sensitive; not acute.
Smell this business with a sense as cold
As is a dead man's nose. --Shak.
9. Distant; -- said, in the game of hunting for some object, of a seeker remote from the thing concealed.
10. Paint. Having a bluish effect. Cf. Warm, 8.
Cold abscess. See under Abscess.
Cold blast See under Blast, n., 2.
Cold blood. See under Blood, n., 8.
Cold chill, an ague fit. --Wright.
Cold chisel, a chisel of peculiar strength and hardness, for cutting cold metal. --Weale.
Cold cream. See under Cream.
Cold slaw. See Cole slaw.
In cold blood, without excitement or passion; deliberately.
He was slain in cold blood after the fight was over. --Sir W. Scott.
To give one the cold shoulder, to treat one with neglect.
Syn: -- Gelid; bleak; frigid; chill; indifferent; unconcerned; passionless; reserved; unfeeling; stoical.
Cold, v. i. To become cold. [Obs.]
adj 1: used of physical coldness; having a low or inadequate
temperature or feeling a sensation of coldness or
having been made cold by e.g. ice or refrigeration; "a
cold climate"; "a cold room"; "dinner has gotten
cold"; "cold fingers"; "if you are cold, turn up the
heat"; "a cold beer" [ant: hot]
2: extended meanings; especially of psychological coldness;
without human warmth or emotion; "a cold unfriendly nod";
"a cold and unaffectionate person"; "a cold impersonal
manner"; "cold logic"; "the concert left me cold" [ant: hot]
3: having lost freshness through passage of time; "a cold
trail"; "dogs attempting to catch a cold scent"
4: (color) giving no sensation of warmth; "a cold bluish gray"
5: marked by errorless familiarity; "had her lines cold before
6: no longer new; uninteresting; "cold (or stale) news" [syn: stale]
7: so intense as to be almost uncontrollable; "cold fury
8: sexually unresponsive; "was cold to his advances"; "a frigid
woman" [syn: frigid]
9: without compunction or human feeling; "in cold blood";
"cold-blooded killing"; "insensate destruction" [syn: cold-blooded,
10: feeling or showing no enthusiasm; "a cold audience"; "a cold
response to the new play"
11: unconscious from a blow or shock or intoxication; "the boxer
was out cold"; "pass out cold"
12: of a seeker; far from the object sought
13: lacking the warmth of life; "cold in his grave"
n 1: a mild viral infection involving the nose and respiratory
passages (but not the lungs); "will they never find a
cure for the common cold?" [syn: common cold]
2: the absence of heat; "the coldness made our breath visible";
"come in out of the cold"; "cold is a vasoconstrictor"
[syn: coldness, low temperature] [ant: hotness]
3: the sensation produced by low temperatures; "he shivered
from the cold"; "the cold helped clear his head" [syn: coldness]