grave /ˈgrev/ 形容詞
Grave, a. [Compar. Graver superl. Gravest.]
1. Of great weight; heavy; ponderous. [Obs.]
His shield grave and great. --Chapman.
2. Of importance; momentous; weighty; influential; sedate; serious; -- said of character, relations, etc.; as, grave deportment, character, influence, etc.
Most potent, grave, and reverend seigniors. --Shak.
A grave and prudent law, full of moral equity. --Milton.
3. Not light or gay; solemn; sober; plain; as, a grave color; a grave face.
4. Mus. (a) Not acute or sharp; low; deep; -- said of sound; as, a grave note or key.
The thicker the cord or string, the more grave is the note or tone. --Moore (Encyc. of Music).
(b) Slow and solemn in movement.
Grave accent. Pron. See the Note under Accent, n., 2.
Syn: -- Solemn; sober; serious; sage; staid; demure; thoughtful; sedate; weighty; momentous; important.
Usage: -- Grave, Sober, Serious, Solemn. Sober supposes the absence of all exhilaration of spirits, and is opposed to gay or flighty; as, sober thought. Serious implies considerateness or reflection, and is opposed to jocose or sportive; as, serious and important concerns. Grave denotes a state of mind, appearance, etc., which results from the pressure of weighty interests, and is opposed to hilarity of feeling or vivacity of manner; as, a qrave remark; qrave attire. Solemn is applied to a case in which gravity is carried to its highest point; as, a solemn admonition; a solemn promise.
Grave v. t. Naut. To clean, as a vessel's bottom, of barnacles, grass, etc., and pay it over with pitch; -- so called because graves or greaves was formerly used for this purpose.
Grave, v. t. [imp. Graved p. p. Graven or Graved; p. pr. & vb. n. Graving.]
1. To dig. [Obs.] Chaucer.
He hath graven and digged up a pit. --Ps. vii. 16 (Book of Common Prayer).
2. To carve or cut, as letters or figures, on some hard substance; to engrave.
Thou shalt take two onyx stones, and grave on them the names of the children of Israel. --Ex. xxviii. 9.
3. To carve out or give shape to, by cutting with a chisel; to sculpture; as, to grave an image.
With gold men may the hearte grave. --Chaucer.
4. To impress deeply (on the mind); to fix indelibly.
O! may they graven in thy heart remain. --Prior.
5. To entomb; to bury. [Obs.]
Lie full low, graved in the hollow ground. --Shak.
Grave, v. i. To write or delineate on hard substances, by means of incised lines; to practice engraving.
Grave, n. An excavation in the earth as a place of burial; also, any place of interment; a tomb; a sepulcher. Hence: Death; destruction.
He bad lain in the grave four days. --John xi. 17.
Grave wax, adipocere.
adj 1: dignified and somber in manner or character and committed to
keeping promises; "a grave God-fearing man"; "a quiet
sedate nature"; "as sober as a judge"; "a solemn
promise"; "the judge was solemn as he pronounced
sentence" [syn: sedate, sober, solemn]
2: causing fear or anxiety by threatening great harm; "a
dangerous operation"; "a grave situation"; "a grave
illness"; "grievous bodily harm"; "a serious wound"; "a
serious turn of events"; "a severe case of pneumonia"; "a
life-threatening disease" [syn: dangerous, grievous, serious,
3: of great gravity or crucial import; requiring serious
thought; "grave responsibilities"; "faced a grave decision
in a time of crisis"; "a grievous fault"; "heavy matters
of state"; "the weighty matters to be discussed at the
peace conference" [syn: grievous, heavy, weighty]
n 1: death of a person; "he went to his grave without forgiving
me"; "from cradle to grave"
2: a place for the burial of a corpse (especially beneath the
ground and marked by a tombstone); "he put flowers on his
mother's grave" [syn: tomb]
3: a mark (`) placed above a vowel to indicate pronunciation
[syn: grave accent]
v 1: shape (a material like stone or wood) by whittling away at
it; "She is sculpting the block of marble into an image
of her husband" [syn: sculpt, sculpture]
2: carve, cut, or etch into a material or surface; "engrave a
pen"; "engraved the winner's name onto the trophy cup"
[syn: engrave, inscribe]
Among the ancient Hebrews graves were outside of cities in the
open field (Luke 7:12; John 11:30). Kings (1 Kings 2:10) and
prophets (1 Sam. 25:1) were generally buried within cities.
Graves were generally grottoes or caves, natural or hewn out in
rocks (Isa. 22:16; Matt. 27:60). There were family cemeteries
(Gen. 47:29; 50:5; 2 Sam. 19:37). Public burial-places were
assigned to the poor (Jer. 26:23; 2 Kings 23:6). Graves were
usually closed with stones, which were whitewashed, to warn
strangers against contact with them (Matt. 23:27), which caused
ceremonial pollution (Num. 19:16).
There were no graves in Jerusalem except those of the kings,
and according to tradition that of the prophetess Huldah.