col·or /ˈkəlɚ/ 名詞
色 色彩 彩色
Col·or n. [Written also colour.]
1. A property depending on the relations of light to the eye, by which individual and specific differences in the hues and tints of objects are apprehended in vision; as, gay colors; sad colors, etc.
Note: ☞ The sensation of color depends upon a peculiar function of the retina or optic nerve, in consequence of which rays of light produce different effects according to the length of their waves or undulations, waves of a certain length producing the sensation of red, shorter waves green, and those still shorter blue, etc. White, or ordinary, light consists of waves of various lengths so blended as to produce no effect of color, and the color of objects depends upon their power to absorb or reflect a greater or less proportion of the rays which fall upon them.
2. Any hue distinguished from white or black.
3. The hue or color characteristic of good health and spirits; ruddy complexion.
Give color to my pale cheek. --Shak.
4. That which is used to give color; a paint; a pigment; as, oil colors or water colors.
5. That which covers or hides the real character of anything; semblance; excuse; disguise; appearance.
They had let down the boat into the sea, under color as though they would have cast anchors out of the foreship. --Acts xxvii. 30.
That he should die is worthy policy;
But yet we want a color for his death. --Shak.
6. Shade or variety of character; kind; species.
Boys and women are for the most part cattle of this color. --Shak.
7. A distinguishing badge, as a flag or similar symbol (usually in the plural); as, the colors or color of a ship or regiment; the colors of a race horse (that is, of the cap and jacket worn by the jockey).
In the United States each regiment of infantry and artillery has two colors, one national and one regimental. --Farrow.
8. Law An apparent right; as where the defendant in trespass gave to the plaintiff an appearance of title, by stating his title specially, thus removing the cause from the jury to the court.
Note: ☞ Color is express when it is averred in the pleading, and implied when it is implied in the pleading.
Body color. See under Body.
Color blindness, total or partial inability to distinguish or recognize colors. See Daltonism.
Complementary color, one of two colors so related to each other that when blended together they produce white light; -- so called because each color makes up to the other what it lacks to make it white. Artificial or pigment colors, when mixed, produce effects differing from those of the primary colors, in consequence of partial absorption.
Of color (as persons, races, etc.), not of the white race; -- commonly meaning, esp. in the United States, of negro blood, pure or mixed.
Primary colors, those developed from the solar beam by the prism, viz., red, orange, yellow, green, blue, indigo, and violet, which are reduced by some authors to three, -- red, green, and violet-blue. These three are sometimes called fundamental colors.
Subjective color or Accidental color, a false or spurious color seen in some instances, owing to the persistence of the luminous impression upon the retina, and a gradual change of its character, as where a wheel perfectly white, and with a circumference regularly subdivided, is made to revolve rapidly over a dark object, the teeth of the wheel appear to the eye of different shades of color varying with the rapidity of rotation. See Accidental colors, under Accidental.
Col·or v. t. [imp. & p. p. Colored p. pr. & vb. n. Coloring.]
1. To change or alter the hue or tint of, by dyeing, staining, painting, etc.; to dye; to tinge; to paint; to stain.
The rays, to speak properly, are not colored; in them there is nothing else than a certain power and disposition to stir up a sensation of this or that color. --Sir I. Newton.
2. To change or alter, as if by dyeing or painting; to give a false appearance to; usually, to give a specious appearance to; to cause to appear attractive; to make plausible; to palliate or excuse; as, the facts were colored by his prejudices.
He colors the falsehood of Æneas by an express command from Jupiter to forsake the queen. --Dryden.
3. To hide. [Obs.]
That by his fellowship he color might
Both his estate and love from skill of any wight. --Spenser.
Col·or, v. i. To acquire color; to turn red, especially in the face; to blush.
adj : having or capable of producing colors; "color film"; "he
rented a color television"; "marvelous color
illustrations" [syn: colour] [ant: black-and-white]
n 1: a visual attribute of things that results from the light
they emit or transmit or reflect; "a white color is made
up of many different wavelengths of light" [syn: colour,
coloring, colouring] [ant: colorlessness]
2: interest and variety and intensity; "the Puritan Period was
lacking in color" [syn: colour, vividness]
3: the timbre of a musical sound; "the recording fails to
capture the true color of the original music" [syn: colour,
4: a race with skin pigmentation different from the white race
(especially Blacks) [syn: colour, people of color, people
5: an outward or token appearance or form that is deliberately
misleading; "he hoped his claims would have a semblance of
authenticity"; "he tried to give his falsehood the gloss
of moral sanction"; "the situation soon took on a
different color" [syn: semblance, gloss, colour]
6: any material used for its color; "she used a different color
for the trim" [syn: coloring material, colouring
7: (physics) the characteristic of quarks that determines their
role in the strong interaction; each flavor of quarks
comes in three colors [syn: colour]
8: the appearance of objects (or light sources) described in
terms of a person's perception of their hue and lightness
(or brightness) and saturation [syn: colour]
v 1: add color to; "The child colored the drawings"; "Fall
colored the trees"; "colorize black and white film"
[syn: colorize, colorise, colourise, colourize,
colour, color in, colour in] [ant: discolor]
2: affect as in thought or feeling; "My personal feelings color
my judgment in this case"; "The sadness tinged his life"
[syn: tinge, colour, distort]
3: modify or bias; "His political ideas color his lectures"
4: decorate with colors; "color the walls with paint in warm
tones" [syn: colour, emblazon]
5: gloss or excuse; "color a lie" [syn: colour, gloss]
6: change color, often in an undesired manner; "The shirts
discolored" [syn: discolor, discolour, colour]