1. The wife of a king.
2. A woman who is the sovereign of a kingdom; a female monarch; as, Elizabeth, queen of England; Mary, queen of Scots.
In faith, and by the heaven's quene. --Chaucer.
3. A woman eminent in power or attractions; the highest of her kind; as, a queen in society; -- also used figuratively of cities, countries, etc. “ This queen of cities.” “ Albion, queen of isles.”
4. The fertile, or fully developed, female of social bees, ants, and termites.
5. Chess The most powerful, and except the king the most important, piece in a set of chessmen.
6. A playing card bearing the picture of a queen; as, the queen of spades.
Queen bee Zool., a female bee, especially the female of the honeybee. See Honeybee.
Queen conch Zool., a very large West Indian cameo conch (Cassis cameo). It is much used for making cameos.
Queen consort, the wife of a reigning king. --Blackstone.
Queen dowager, the widow of a king.
Queen gold, formerly a revenue of the queen consort of England, arising from gifts, fines, etc.
Queen mother, a queen dowager who is also mother of the reigning king or queen.
Queen of May. See May queen, under May.
Queen of the meadow Bot., a European herbaceous plant (Spiræa Ulmaria). See Meadowsweet.
Queen of the prairie Bot., an American herb (Spiræa lobata) with ample clusters of pale pink flowers.
Queen pigeon Zool., any one of several species of very large and handsome crested ground pigeons of the genus Goura, native of New Guinea and the adjacent islands. They are mostly pale blue, or ash-blue, marked with white, and have a large occipital crest of spatulate feathers. Called also crowned pigeon, goura, and Victoria pigeon.
Queen regent, or Queen regnant, a queen reigning in her own right.
Queen's Bench. See King's Bench.
Queen's counsel, Queen's evidence. See King's counsel, King's evidence, under King.
Queen's delight Bot., an American plant (Stillinqia sylvatica) of the Spurge family, having an herbaceous stem and a perennial woody root.
Queen's metal Metal., an alloy somewhat resembling pewter or britannia, and consisting essentially of tin with a slight admixture of antimony, bismuth, and lead or copper.
Queen's pigeon. Zool. Same as Queen pigeon, above.
Queen's ware, glazed English earthenware of a cream color.
Queen's yellow Old Chem., a heavy yellow powder consisting of a basic mercuric sulphate; -- formerly called turpetum minerale, or Turbith's mineral.
Queen, v. i. To act the part of a queen.
Queen, v. i. [imp. & p. p. Queened p. pr. & vb. n. Queening.] Chess. To make a queen (or other piece, at the player's discretion) of by moving it to the eighth row; as, to queen a pawn.
n 1: the only fertile female in a colony of social insects such
as bees and ants and termites; its function is to lay
2: a female sovereign ruler [syn: queen regnant, female
monarch] [ant: king, king]
3: the wife or widow of a king
4: something personified as a woman who is considered the best
or most important of her kind; "Paris is the queen of
cities"; "the queen of ocean liners"
5: a competitor who holds a preeminent position [syn: king, world-beater]
6: offensive terms for an openly homosexual man [syn: fagot,
faggot, fag, fairy, nance, pansy, queer, poof,
7: one of four face cards in a deck bearing a picture of a
8: (chess) the most powerful piece
9: especially large and only member of a colony of naked mole
rats to bear offspring sired by only a few males
10: female cat [syn: tabby]
v 1: promote to a queen, as of a pawn in chess
2: become a queen; "her pawn queened"
No explicit mention of queens is made till we read of the "queen
of Sheba." The wives of the kings of Israel are not so
designated. In Ps. 45:9, the Hebrew for "queen" is not _malkah_,
one actually ruling like the Queen of Sheba, but _shegal_, which
simply means the king's wife. In 1 Kings 11:19, Pharaoh's wife
is called "the queen," but the Hebrew word so rendered (g'birah)
is simply a title of honour, denoting a royal lady, used
sometimes for "queen-mother" (1 Kings 15:13; 2 Chron. 15:16). In
Cant. 6:8, 9, the king's wives are styled "queens" (Heb.
In the New Testament we read of the "queen of the south",
i.e., Southern Arabia, Sheba (Matt. 12:42; Luke 11:31) and the
"queen of the Ethiopians" (Acts 8:27), Candace.