Is·ra·el /ˈɪzriəl, (ˌ)re ||ˈɪs ||ˈɪzrəl/
n 1: Jewish republic in southwestern Asia at eastern end of
Mediterranean; formerly part of Palestine [syn: State
of Israel, Yisrael, Zion, Sion]
2: an ancient kingdom of the Hebrew tribes at the southeastern
end of the Mediterranean Sea; founded by Saul around 1025
BC and destroyed by the Assyrians in 721 BC
the name conferred on Jacob after the great prayer-struggle at
Peniel (Gen. 32:28), because "as a prince he had power with God
and prevailed." (See JACOB.) This is the common name
given to Jacob's descendants. The whole people of the twelve
tribes are called "Israelites," the "children of Israel" (Josh.
3:17; 7:25; Judg. 8:27; Jer. 3:21), and the "house of Israel"
(Ex. 16:31; 40:38).
This name Israel is sometimes used emphatically for the true
Israel (Ps. 73:1: Isa. 45:17; 49:3; John 1:47; Rom. 9:6; 11:26).
After the death of Saul the ten tribes arrogated to themselves
this name, as if they were the whole nation (2 Sam. 2:9, 10, 17,
28; 3:10, 17; 19:40-43), and the kings of the ten tribes were
called "kings of Israel," while the kings of the two tribes were
called "kings of Judah."
After the Exile the name Israel was assumed as designating the
Israel, who prevails with God