cut /ˈkət/ 動詞
Cut v. t. [imp. & p. p. Cut; p. pr. & vb. n. Cutting.]
1. To separate the parts of with, or as with, a sharp instrument; to make an incision in; to gash; to sever; to divide.
You must cut this flesh from off his breast. --Shak.
Before the whistling winds the vessels fly,
With rapid swiftness cut the liquid way. --Pope.
2. To sever and cause to fall for the purpose of gathering; to hew; to mow or reap.
Thy servants can skill to cut timer. --2. Chron. ii. 8
3. To sever and remove by cutting; to cut off; to dock; as, to cut the hair; to cut the nails.
4. To castrate or geld; as, to cut a horse.
5. To form or shape by cutting; to make by incision, hewing, etc.; to carve; to hew out.
Why should a man. whose blood is warm within,
Sit like his grandsire cut in alabaster? --Shak.
Loopholes cut through thickest shade. --Milton.
6. To wound or hurt deeply the sensibilities of; to pierce; to lacerate; as, sarcasm cuts to the quick.
The man was cut to the heart. --Addison.
7. To intersect; to cross; as, one line cuts another at right angles.
8. To refuse to recognize; to ignore; as, to cut a person in the street; to cut one's acquaintance. [Colloq.]
9. To absent one's self from; as, to cut an appointment, a recitation. etc. [Colloq.]
An English tradesman is always solicitous to cut the shop whenever he can do so with impunity. --Thomas Hamilton.
10. Cricket To deflect (a bowled ball) to the off, with a chopping movement of the bat.
11. Billiards, etc. To drive (an object ball) to either side by hitting it fine on the other side with the cue ball or another object ball.
12. Lawn Tennis, etc. To strike (a ball) with the racket inclined or struck across the ball so as to put a certain spin on the ball.
13. Croquet To drive (a ball) to one side by hitting with another ball.
To cut a caper. See under Caper.
To cut the cards, to divide a pack of cards into portions, in order to determine the deal or the trump, or to change the cards to be dealt.
To cut both ways, to have effects both advantageous and disadvantageous.
To cut corners, to deliberately do an incomplete or imperfect job in order to save time or money.
To cut a dash or To cut a figure, to make a display of oneself; to give a conspicuous impression. [Colloq.]
To cut down. (a) To sever and cause to fall; to fell; to prostrate. “Timber . . . cut down in the mountains of Cilicia.” --Knolles. (b) To put down; to abash; to humble. [Obs] “So great is his natural eloquence, that he cuts down the finest orator.” --Addison (c) To lessen; to retrench; to curtail; as, to cut down expenses. (d) Naut. To raze; as, to cut down a frigate into a sloop.
To cut the knot or To cut the Gordian knot, to dispose of a difficulty summarily; to solve it by prompt, arbitrary action, rather than by skill or patience.
To cut lots, to determine lots by cuttings cards; to draw lots.
To cut off. (a) To sever; to separate.
I would to God, . . .
The king had cut off my brother's. --Shak.
(b) To put an untimely death; to put an end to; to destroy. “Irenæus was likewise cut off by martyrdom.” --Addison. (c) To interrupt; as, to cut off communication; to cut off (the flow of) steam from (the boiler to) a steam engine. (d) To intercept; as,, to cut off an enemy's retreat. (e) To end; to finish; as, to cut off further debate.
To cut out. (a) To remove by cutting or carving; as, to cut out a piece from a board. (b) To shape or form by cutting; as, to cut out a garment. “ A large forest cut out into walks.” --Addison. (c) To scheme; to contrive; to prepare; as, to cut out work for another day. “Every man had cut out a place for himself.” --Addison. (d) To step in and take the place of; to supplant; as, to cut out a rival. [Colloq.] (e) To debar. “I am cut out from anything but common acknowledgments.” --Pope. (f) To seize and carry off (a vessel) from a harbor, or from under the guns of an enemy. (g) to separate from the midst of a number; as, to cut out a steer from a herd; to cut out a car from a train. (h) to discontinue; as, to cut out smoking.
To cut to pieces. (a) To cut into pieces; as, to cut cloth to pieces. (b) To slaughter; as, to cut an army to pieces.
To cut a play Drama, to shorten it by leaving out passages, to adapt it for the stage.
To cut rates Railroads, etc., to reduce the charges for transportation below the rates established between competing lines.
To cut short, to arrest or check abruptly; to bring to a sudden termination. “Achilles cut him short, and thus replied.” --Dryden.
To cut stick, to make off clandestinely or precipitately. [Slang]
To cut teeth, to put forth teeth; to have the teeth pierce through the gum and appear.
To have cut one's eyeteeth, to be sharp and knowing. [Colloq.]
To cut one's wisdom teeth, to come to years of discretion.
To cut under, to undersell; as, to cut under a competitor in trade; more commonly referred to as undercut.
To cut up. (a) To cut to pieces; as, to cut up an animal, or bushes. (b) To damage or destroy; to injure; to wound; as, to cut up a book or its author by severe criticism. “This doctrine cuts up all government by the roots.” --Locke. (c) To afflict; to discourage; to demoralize; as, the death of his friend cut him up terribly. [Colloq.] --Thackeray.
Cut v. i.
1. To do the work of an edged tool; to serve in dividing or gashing; as, a knife cuts well.
2. To admit of incision or severance; to yield to a cutting instrument.
Panels of white wood that cuts like cheese. --Holmes.
3. To perform the operation of dividing, severing, incising, intersecting, etc.; to use a cutting instrument.
He saved the lives of thousands by his manner of cutting for the stone. --Pope.
4. To make a stroke with a whip.
5. To interfere, as a horse.
6. To move or make off quickly. [Colloq.]
7. To divide a pack of cards into two portion to decide the deal or trump, or to change the order of the cards to be dealt.
To cut across, to pass over or through in the most direct way; as, to cut across a field.
To cut and run, to make off suddenly and quickly; -- from the cutting of a ship's cable, when there is not time to raise the anchor. [Colloq.]
To cut in or To cut into, to interrupt; to join in anything suddenly.
To cut up. (a) To play pranks. [Colloq.] (b) To divide into portions well or ill; to have the property left at one's death turn out well or poorly when divided among heirs, legatees, etc. [Slang.] “When I die, may I cut up as well as Morgan Pendennis.” --Thackeray.
1. An opening made with an edged instrument; a cleft; a gash; a slash; a wound made by cutting; as, a sword cut.
2. A stroke or blow or cutting motion with an edged instrument; a stroke or blow with a whip.
3. That which wounds the feelings, as a harsh remark or criticism, or a sarcasm; personal discourtesy, as neglecting to recognize an acquaintance when meeting him; a slight.
Rip called him by name, but the cur snarled, snapped his teeth, and passed on. This was an unkind cut indeed. --W. Irving.
4. A notch, passage, or channel made by cutting or digging; a furrow; a groove; as, a cut for a railroad.
This great cut or ditch Secostris . . . purposed to have made a great deal wider and deeper. --Knolles.
5. The surface left by a cut; as, a smooth or clear cut.
6. A portion severed or cut off; a division; as, a cut of beef; a cut of timber.
It should be understood, moreover, . . . that the group are not arbitrary cuts, but natural groups or types. --Dana.
7. An engraved block or plate; the impression from such an engraving; as, a book illustrated with fine cuts.
8. (a) The act of dividing a pack cards. (b) The right to divide; as, whose cut is it?
9. Manner in which a thing is cut or formed; shape; style; fashion; as, the cut of a garment.
With eyes severe and beard of formal cut. --Shak.
10. A common work horse; a gelding. [Obs.]
He'll buy me a cut, forth for to ride. --Beau. & Fl.
11. The failure of a college officer or student to be present at any appointed exercise. [College Cant]
12. A skein of yarn.
13. Lawn Tennis, etc. A slanting stroke causing the ball to spin and bound irregularly; also, the spin so given to the ball.
14. Cricket A stroke on the off side between point and the wicket; also, one who plays this stroke.
A cut in rates Railroad, a reduction in fare, freight charges, etc., below the established rates.
A short cut, a cross route which shortens the way and cuts off a circuitous passage.
The cut of one's jib, the general appearance of a person. [Colloq.]
To draw cuts, to draw lots, as of paper, etc., cut unequal lengths.
Now draweth cut . . .
The which that hath the shortest shall begin. --Chaucer.
1. Gashed or divided, as by a cutting instrument.
2. Formed or shaped as by cutting; carved.
3. Overcome by liquor; tipsy. [Slang]
Cut and dried, prepered beforehand; not spontaneous.
Cut glass, glass having a surface ground and polished in facets or figures.
Cut nail, a nail cut by machinery from a rolled plate of iron, in distinction from a wrought nail.
Cut stone, stone hewn or chiseled to shape after having been split from the quarry.
adj 1: separated into parts or laid open or penetrated with a sharp
edge or instrument; "the cut surface was mottled";
"cut tobacco"; "blood from his cut forehead";
"bandages on her cut wrists" [ant: uncut]
2: fashioned or shaped by cutting; "a well-cut suit"; "cut
diamonds"; "cut velvet" [ant: uncut]
3: with parts removed; "the drastically cut film" [syn: shortened]
4: made neat and tidy by trimming; "his neatly trimmed hair"
[syn: trimmed] [ant: untrimmed]
5: (used of grass or vegetation) cut down with a hand implement
or machine; "the smell of new-mown hay" [syn: mown]
6: (of pages of a book) having the folds of the leaves trimmed
or slit; "the cut pages of the book" [ant: uncut]
7: (of a male animal) having the testicles removed; "a cut
horse" [syn: emasculated, gelded]
8: having a long rip or tear; "a split lip" [syn: split]
9: wounded by cutting deeply; "got a gashed arm in a knife
fight"; "had a slashed cheek from the broken glass" [syn:
10: cut down; "the tree is down" [syn: cut down, down]
11: (used of rates or prices) reduced usually sharply; "the
slashed prices attracted buyers" [syn: slashed]
12: mixed with water; "sold cut whiskey"; "a cup of thinned
soup" [syn: thinned, weakened]
n 1: the act of reducing the amount or number; "the mayor
proposed extensive cuts in the city budget"
2: a wound made by cutting; "he put a bandage over the cut"
[syn: gash, slash, slice]
3: a piece of meat that has been cut from an animal carcass
[syn: cut of meat]
4: a distinct selection of music from a recording or a compact
disc; "he played the first cut on the cd"; "the title
track of the album" [syn: track]
5: the act of penetrating or opening open with a sharp edge;
"his cut in the lining revealed the hidden jewels" [syn: cutting]
6: a share of the profits; "everyone got a cut of the earnings"
7: a step on some scale; "he is a cut above the the rest"
8: a trench resembling a furrow that was made by erosion or
excavation [syn: gash]
9: (film) an immediate transition from one shot to the next;
"the cut from the accident scene to the hospital seemed
10: the act of cutting something into parts; "his cuts were
skillful"; "his cutting of the cake made a terrible mess"
11: the omission that is made when an editorial change shortens
a written passage; "an editor's deletions frequently
upset young authors"; "both parties agreed on the
excision of the proposed clause" [syn: deletion, excision]
12: the style in which a garment is cut; "a dress of traditional
13: the act of shortening something by cutting off the ends;
"the barber gave him a good cut" [syn: cutting, cutting
14: in baseball; a batter's attempt to hit a pitched ball; "he
took a vicious cut at the ball" [syn: baseball swing, swing]
15: a remark capable of wounding mentally; "the unkindest cut of
all" [syn: stinger]
16: a canal made by erosion or excavation
17: a refusal to recognize someone you know; "the snub was
clearly intentional" [syn: snub, cold shoulder]
18: (sports) a stroke that puts reverse spin on the ball; "cuts
do not bother a good tennis player" [syn: undercut]
19: the division of a deck of cards before dealing; "he insisted
that we give him the last cut before every deal"; "the
cutting of the cards soon became a ritual" [syn: cutting]
20: an unexcused absence from class; "he was punished for taking
too many cuts in his math class"
v 1: separate with or as if with an instrument; "Cut the rope"
2: cut down on; make a reduction in; "reduce your daily fat
intake"; "The employer wants to cut back health benefits"
[syn: reduce, cut down, cut back, trim, trim down,
trim back, bring down]
3: turn sharply; change direction abruptly; "The car cut to the
left at the intersection"; "The motorbike veered to the
right" [syn: swerve, sheer, curve, trend, veer,
4: make an incision or separation; "cut along the dotted line"
5: discharge from a group; "The coach cut two players from the
6: form by probing, penetrating, or digging; "cut a hole"; "cut
trenches"; "The sweat cut little rivulets into her face"
7: style and tailor in a certain fashion; "cut a dress" [syn: tailor]
8: hit (a ball) with a spin so that it turns in the opposite
direction; "cut a pingpong ball"
9: make out and issue; "write out a check"; "cut a ticket";
"Please make the check out to me" [syn: write out, issue,
10: cut and assemble the components of; "edit film"; "cut
recording tape" [syn: edit, edit out]
11: intentionally fail to attend; "cut class" [syn: skip]
12: informal: be able to manage or manage successfully; "I can't
hack it anymore"; "she could not cut the long days in the
office" [syn: hack]
13: give the appearance or impression of; "cut a nice figure"
14: move (one's fist); "his opponent cut upward toward his chin"
15: pass directly and often in haste; "We cut through the
neighbor's yard to get home sooner"
16: pass through or across; "The boat cut the water"
17: make an abrupt change of image or sound; "cut from one scene
18: stop filming; "cut a movie scene"
19: make a recording of; "cut the songs"; "She cut all of her
major titles again"
20: record a performance on (a medium); "cut a record"
21: create by duplicating data; "cut a disk"; "burn a CD" [syn:
22: form or shape by cutting or incising; "cut paper dolls"
23: perform or carry out; "cut a caper"
24: function as a cutting instrument; "This knife cuts well"
25: allow incision or separation; "This bread cuts easily"
26: divide a deck of cards at random into two parts to make
selection difficult; "Wayne cut"; "She cut the deck for a
27: cause to stop operating by disengaging a switch; "Turn off
the stereo, please"; "cut the engine"; "turn out the
lights" [syn: switch off, turn off, turn out] [ant:
28: reap or harvest; "cut grain"
29: fell by sawing; hew; "The Vietnamese cut a lot of timber
while they occupied Cambodia"
30: penetrate injuriously; "The glass from the shattered
windshield cut into her forehead"
31: refuse to acknowledge; "She cut him dead at the meeting"
[syn: ignore, disregard, snub]
32: shorten as if by severing the edges or ends of; "cut my
33: weed out unwanted or unnecessary things; "We had to lose
weight, so we cut the sugar from our diet" [syn: prune,
34: dissolve by breaking down the fat of; "soap cuts grease"
35: have a reducing effect; "This cuts into my earnings"
36: cease, stop; "cut the noise"; "We had to cut short the
conversation" [syn: cut off]
37: reduce in scope while retaining essential elements; "The
manuscript must be shortened" [syn: abridge, foreshorten,
abbreviate, shorten, contract, reduce] [ant: elaborate]
38: lessen the strength or flavor of a solution or mixture; "cut
bourbon" [syn: dilute, thin, thin out, reduce]
39: have grow through the gums; "The baby cut a tooth"
40: grow through the gums; "The new tooth is cutting"
41: cut off the testicles (of male animals such as horses); "the
vet gelded the young horse" [syn: geld]