sweat /ˈswɛt/ 不及物動詞
1. Physiol. The fluid which is excreted from the skin of an animal; the fluid secreted by the sudoriferous glands; a transparent, colorless, acid liquid with a peculiar odor, containing some fatty acids and mineral matter; perspiration. See Perspiration.
In the sweat of thy face shalt thou eat bread. --Gen. iii. 19.
2. The act of sweating; or the state of one who sweats; hence, labor; toil; drudgery.
3. Moisture issuing from any substance; as, the sweat of hay or grain in a mow or stack.
4. The sweating sickness. [Obs.]
5. Man. A short run by a race horse in exercise.
Sweat box Naut., a small closet in which refractory men are confined.
Sweat glands Anat., sudoriferous glands. See under Sudoriferous.
Sweat v. i. [imp. & p. p. Sweat or Sweated (Obs. Swat ); p. pr. & vb. n. Sweating.]
1. To excrete sensible moisture from the pores of the skin; to perspire.
2. Fig.: To perspire in toil; to work hard; to drudge.
He 'd have the poets sweat. --Waller.
3. To emit moisture, as green plants in a heap.
Sweat, v. t.
1. To cause to excrete moisture from the skin; to cause to perspire; as, his physicians attempted to sweat him by most powerful sudorifics.
2. To emit or suffer to flow from the pores; to exude.
It made her not a drop for sweat. --Chaucer.
With exercise she sweat ill humors out. --Dryden.
3. To unite by heating, after the application of soldier.
4. To get something advantageous, as money, property, or labor from (any one), by exaction or oppression; as, to sweat a spendthrift; to sweat laborers. [Colloq.]
To sweat coin, to remove a portion of a piece of coin, as by shaking it with others in a bag, so that the friction wears off a small quantity of the metal.
The only use of it [money] which is interdicted is to put it in circulation again after having diminished its weight by =\“sweating”, or otherwise, because the quantity of metal contains is no longer consistent with its impression.\= --R. Cobden.
n 1: salty fluid secreted by sweat glands; "sweat poured off his
brow" [syn: perspiration, sudor]
2: agitation resulting from active worry; "don't get in a
stew"; "he's in a sweat about exams" [syn: fret, stew,
3: condensation of moisture on a cold surface; "the cold
glasses were streaked with sweat"
4: use of physical or mental energy; hard work; "he got an A
for effort"; "they managed only with great exertion" [syn:
effort, elbow grease, exertion, travail]
v : excrete perspiration through the pores in the skin;
"Exercise makes one sweat" [syn: sudate, perspire]