Ill a. [The regular comparative and superlative are wanting, their places being supplied by worse and worst from another root.]
1. Contrary to good, in a physical sense; contrary or opposed to advantage, happiness, etc.; bad; evil; unfortunate; disagreeable; unfavorable.
Neither is it ill air only that maketh an ill seat, but ill ways, ill markets, and ill neighbors. --Bacon.
There 's some ill planet reigns. --Shak.
2. Contrary to good, in a moral sense; evil; wicked; wrong; iniquitious; naughtly; bad; improper.
Of his own body he was ill, and gave
The clergy ill example. --Shak.
3. Sick; indisposed; unwell; diseased; disordered; as, ill of a fever.
I am in health, I breathe, and see thee ill. --Shak.
4. Not according with rule, fitness, or propriety; incorrect; rude; unpolished; inelegant.
That 's an ill phrase. --Shak.
Ill at ease, uneasy; uncomfortable; anxious. “I am very ill at ease.” --Shak.
Ill blood, enmity; resentment; bad blood.
Ill breeding, lack of good breeding; rudeness.
Ill fame, ill or bad repute; as, a house of ill fame, a house where lewd persons meet for illicit intercourse.
Ill humor, a disagreeable mood; bad temper.
Ill nature, bad disposition or temperament; sullenness; esp., a disposition to cause unhappiness to others.
Ill temper, anger; moroseness; crossness.
Ill turn. (a) An unkind act. (b) A slight attack of illness. [Colloq. U.S.]
Ill will, unkindness; enmity; malevolence.
Syn: -- Bad; evil; wrong; wicked; sick; unwell.
1. Whatever annoys or impairs happiness, or prevents success; evil of any kind; misfortune; calamity; disease; pain; as, the ills of humanity.
Who can all sense of others' ills escape
Is but a brute at best in human shape. --Tate.
That makes us rather bear those ills we have
Than fly to others that we know not of. --Shak.
2. Whatever is contrary to good, in a moral sense; wickedness; depravity; iniquity; wrong; evil.
Strong virtue, like strong nature, struggles still,
Exerts itself, and then throws off the ill. --Dryden.
Ill, adv. In a ill manner; badly; weakly.
How ill this taper burns! --Shak.
Ill fares the land, to hastening ills a prey,
Where wealth accumulates and men decay. --Goldsmith.
Note: ☞ Ill, like above, well, and so, is used before many participal adjectives, in its usual adverbal sense. When the two words are used as an epithet preceding the noun qualified they are commonly hyphened; in other cases they are written separatively; as, an ill-educated man; he was ill educated; an ill-formed plan; the plan, however ill formed, was acceptable. Ao, also, the following: ill-affected or ill affected, ill-arranged or ill arranged, ill-assorted or ill assorted, ill-boding or ill boding, ill-bred or ill bred, ill-conditioned, ill-conducted, ill-considered, ill-devised, ill-disposed, ill-doing, ill-fairing, ill-fated, ill-favored, ill-featured, ill-formed, ill-gotten, ill-imagined, ill-judged, ill-looking, ill-mannered, ill-matched, ill-meaning, ill-minded, ill-natured, ill-omened, ill-proportioned, ill-provided, ill-required, ill-sorted, ill-starred, ill-tempered, ill-timed, ill-trained, ill-used, and the like.
adj 1: not in good physical or mental health; "ill from the
monotony of his suffering" [syn: sick] [ant: well]
2: resulting in suffering or adversity; "ill effects"; "it's an
ill wind that blows no good"
3: distressing; "ill manners"; "of ill repute"
4: indicating hostility or enmity; "you certainly did me an ill
turn"; "ill feelings"; "ill will"
5: presaging ill-fortune; "ill omens"; "ill predictions"; "my
words with inauspicious thunderings shook heaven"-
P.B.Shelley; "a dead and ominous silence prevailed"; "a
by-election at a time highly unpropitious for the
Government" [syn: inauspicious, ominous]
n : an often persistent bodily disorder or disease; a cause for
complaining [syn: ailment, complaint]
adv 1: (`ill' is often used as a combining form) in a poor or
improper or unsatisfactory manner; not well; "he was
ill prepared"; "it ill befits a man to betray old
friends"; "the car runs badly"; "he performed badly on
the exam"; "the team played poorly"; "ill-fitting
clothes"; "an ill-conceived plan" [syn: badly, poorly]
2: unfavorably or with disapproval; "tried not to speak ill of
the dead"; "thought badly of him for his lack of concern"
[syn: badly] [ant: well]
3: with difficulty or inconvenience; scarcely or hardly; "we
can ill afford to buy a new car just now"