at·tack /əˈtæk/ 及物動詞
At·tack v. t. [imp. & p. p. Attacked p. pr. & vb. n. Attacking.]
1. To fall upon with force; to assail, as with force and arms; to assault. “Attack their lines.”
2. To assail with unfriendly speech or writing; to begin a controversy with; to attempt to overthrow or bring into disrepute, by criticism or satire; to censure; as, to attack a man, or his opinions, in a pamphlet.
3. To set to work upon, as upon a task or problem, or some object of labor or investigation.
4. To begin to affect; to begin to act upon, injuriously or destructively; to begin to decompose or waste.
On the fourth of March he was attacked by fever. --Macaulay.
Hydrofluoric acid . . . attacks the glass. --B. Stewart.
Syn: -- To Attack, Assail, Assault, Invade.
Usage: These words all denote a violent onset; attack being the generic term, and the others specific forms of attack. To attack is to commence the onset; to assail is to make a sudden and violent attack, or to make repeated attacks; to assault (literally, to leap upon) is to attack physically by a had-to-hand approach or by unlawful and insulting violence; to invade is to enter by force on what belongs to another. Thus, a person may attack by offering violence of any kind; he may assail by means of missile weapons; he may assault by direct personal violence; a king may invade by marching an army into a country. Figuratively, we may say, men attack with argument or satire; they assail with abuse or reproaches; they may be assaulted by severe temptations; the rights of the people may be invaded by the encroachments of the crown.
At·tack, v. i. To make an onset or attack.
1. The act of attacking, or falling on with force or violence; an onset; an assault; -- opposed to defense.
2. An assault upon one's feelings or reputation with unfriendly or bitter words.
3. A setting to work upon some task, etc.
4. An access of disease; a fit of sickness.
5. The beginning of corrosive, decomposing, or destructive action, by a chemical agent.
n 1: (military) an offensive against an enemy (using weapons);
"the attack began at dawn" [syn: onslaught, onset, onrush]
2: a sudden occurrence of an uncontrollable condition; "an
attack of diarrhea"
3: intense adverse criticism; "Clinton directed his fire at the
Republican Party"; "the government has come under attack";
"don't give me any flak" [syn: fire, flak, flack, blast]
4: the act of attacking; "attacks on women increased last
year"; "they made an attempt on his life" [syn: attempt]
5: an offensive move in a sport or game; "they won the game
with a 10-hit attack in the 9th inning"
6: the onset of a corrosive or destructive process (as by a
chemical agent); "the film was sensitive to attack by
acids"; "open to attack by the elements"
7: ideas or actions intended to deal with a problem or
situation; "his approach to every problem is to draw up a
list of pros and cons"; "an attack on inflation"; "his
plan of attack was misguided" [syn: approach, plan of
8: a decisive manner of beginning a musical tone or phrase
9: strong criticism; "he published an unexpected attack on my
v 1: launch an attack or assault on; begin hostilities or start
warfare with; "Hitler attacked Poland on September 1,
1939 and started World War II"; "Serbian forces assailed
Bosnian towns all week" [syn: assail] [ant: defend]
2: attack in speech or writing; "The editors of the
left-leaning paper attacked the new House Speaker" [syn: round,
assail, lash out, snipe, assault]
3: take the initiative and go on the offensive; "The Serbs
attacked the village at night"; "The visiting team started
to attack" [syn: aggress]
4: attack someone physically or emotionally; "The mugger
assaulted the woman"; "Nightmares assailed him regularly"
[syn: assail, assault, set on]
5: set to work upon; turn one's energies vigorously to a task;
"I attacked the problem as soon as I got out of bed"
6: begin to injure; "The cancer cells are attacking his liver";
"Rust is attacking the metal"