fly /ˈflaɪ/ 名詞
Fly, v. t.
1. To cause to fly or to float in the air, as a bird, a kite, a flag, etc.
The brave black flag I fly. --W. S. Gilbert.
2. To fly or flee from; to shun; to avoid.
Sleep flies the wretch. --Dryden.
To fly the favors of so good a king. --Shak.
3. To hunt with a hawk. [Obs.]
4. To manage (an aircraft) in flight; as, to fly an aëroplane.
To fly a kite Com., to raise money on commercial notes. [Cant or Slang]
Fly v. i. [imp. Flew p. p. Flown p. pr. & vb. n. Flying.]
1. To move in or pass through the air with wings, as a bird.
2. To move through the air or before the wind; esp., to pass or be driven rapidly through the air by any impulse.
3. To float, wave, or rise in the air, as sparks or a flag.
Man is born unto trouble, as the sparks fly upward. --Job v. 7.
4. To move or pass swiftly; to hasten away; to circulate rapidly; as, a ship flies on the deep; a top flies around; rumor flies.
Fly, envious Time, till thou run out thy race. --Milton.
The dark waves murmured as the ships flew on. --Bryant.
5. To run from danger; to attempt to escape; to flee; as, an enemy or a coward flies. See Note under Flee.
Fly, ere evil intercept thy flight. --Milton.
Whither shall I fly to escape their hands ? --Shak.
6. To move suddenly, or with violence; to do an act suddenly or swiftly; -- usually with a qualifying word; as, a door flies open; a bomb flies apart.
To fly about Naut., to change frequently in a short time; -- said of the wind.
To fly around, to move about in haste. [Colloq.]
To fly at, to spring toward; to rush on; to attack suddenly.
To fly in the face of, to insult; to assail; to set at defiance; to oppose with violence; to act in direct opposition to; to resist.
To fly off, to separate, or become detached suddenly; to revolt.
To fly on, to attack.
To fly open, to open suddenly, or with violence.
To fly out. (a) To rush out. (b) To burst into a passion; to break out into license.
To let fly. (a) To throw or drive with violence; to discharge. “A man lets fly his arrow without taking any aim.” --Addison. (b) Naut. To let go suddenly and entirely; as, to let fly the sheets.
Fly, n.; pl. Flies
1. Zool. (a) Any winged insect; esp., one with transparent wings; as, the Spanish fly; firefly; gall fly; dragon fly. (b) Any dipterous insect; as, the house fly; flesh fly; black fly. See Diptera, and Illust. in Append.
2. A hook dressed in imitation of a fly, -- used for fishing. “The fur-wrought fly.”
3. A familiar spirit; a witch's attendant. [Obs.]
A trifling fly, none of your great familiars. --B. Jonson.
4. A parasite. [Obs.]
5. A kind of light carriage for rapid transit, plying for hire and usually drawn by one horse. [Eng.]
6. The length of an extended flag from its staff; sometimes, the length from the “union” to the extreme end.
7. The part of a vane pointing the direction from which the wind blows.
8. Naut. That part of a compass on which the points are marked; the compass card.
9. Mech. (a) Two or more vanes set on a revolving axis, to act as a fanner, or to equalize or impede the motion of machinery by the resistance of the air, as in the striking part of a clock. (b) A heavy wheel, or cross arms with weights at the ends on a revolving axis, to regulate or equalize the motion of machinery by means of its inertia, where the power communicated, or the resistance to be overcome, is variable, as in the steam engine or the coining press. See Fly wheel (below).
10. Knitting Machine The piece hinged to the needle, which holds the engaged loop in position while the needle is penetrating another loop; a latch.
11. The pair of arms revolving around the bobbin, in a spinning wheel or spinning frame, to twist the yarn.
12. Weaving A shuttle driven through the shed by a blow or jerk.
13. (a) Formerly, the person who took the printed sheets from the press. (b) A vibrating frame with fingers, attached to a power to a power printing press for doing the same work.
14. The outer canvas of a tent with double top, usually drawn over the ridgepole, but so extended as to touch the roof of the tent at no other place.
15. One of the upper screens of a stage in a theater.
16. The fore flap of a bootee; also, a lap on trousers, overcoats, etc., to conceal a row of buttons.
17. Baseball A batted ball that flies to a considerable distance, usually high in the air; also, the flight of a ball so struck; as, it was caught on the fly. Also called fly ball. “a fly deep into right field”
18. Cotton Manuf. Waste cotton.
Black fly, Cheese fly, Dragon fly, etc. See under Black, Cheese, etc.
Fly agaric Bot., a mushroom (Agaricus muscarius), having a narcotic juice which, in sufficient quantities, is poisonous.
Fly block Naut., a pulley whose position shifts to suit the working of the tackle with which it is connected; -- used in the hoisting tackle of yards.
Fly board Printing Press, the board on which printed sheets are deposited by the fly.
Fly book, a case in the form of a book for anglers' flies. --Kingsley.
Fly cap, a cap with wings, formerly worn by women.
Fly drill, a drill having a reciprocating motion controlled by a fly wheel, the driving power being applied by the hand through a cord winding in reverse directions upon the spindle as it rotates backward and forward. --Knight.
Fly fishing, the act or art of angling with a bait of natural or artificial flies; fishing using a fly2 as bait. --Walton. --
Fly fisherman, one who fishes using natural or artificial flies2 as bait, especially one who fishes exclusively in that manner.
Fly flap, an implement for killing flies.
Fly governor, a governor for regulating the speed of an engine, etc., by the resistance of vanes revolving in the air.
Fly honeysuckle Bot., a plant of the honeysuckle genus (Lonicera), having a bushy stem and the flowers in pairs, as L. ciliata and L. Xylosteum.
Fly hook, a fishhook supplied with an artificial fly.
Fly leaf, an unprinted leaf at the beginning or end of a book, circular, programme, etc.
Fly maggot, a maggot bred from the egg of a fly. --Ray.
Fly net, a screen to exclude insects.
Fly nut Mach., a nut with wings; a thumb nut; a finger nut.
Fly orchis Bot., a plant (Ophrys muscifera), whose flowers resemble flies.
Fly paper, poisoned or sticky paper for killing flies that feed upon or are entangled by it.
Fly powder, an arsenical powder used to poison flies.
Fly press, a screw press for punching, embossing, etc., operated by hand and having a heavy fly.
Fly rail, a bracket which turns out to support the hinged leaf of a table.
Fly rod, a light fishing rod used in angling with a fly.
Fly sheet, a small loose advertising sheet; a handbill.
Fly snapper Zool., an American bird (Phainopepla nitens), allied to the chatterers and shrikes. The male is glossy blue-black; the female brownish gray.
Fly wheel Mach., a heavy wheel attached to machinery to equalize the movement (opposing any sudden acceleration by its inertia and any retardation by its momentum), and to accumulate or give out energy for a variable or intermitting resistance. See Fly, n., 9.
On the fly Baseball, still in the air; -- said of a batted ball caught before touching the ground..
Fly a. Knowing; wide awake; fully understanding another's meaning. [Slang]
adj : (British informal) not to be deceived or hoodwinked
n 1: two-winged insects characterized by active flight
2: flap consisting of a piece of canvas that can be drawn back
to provide entrance to a tent [syn: tent-fly, rainfly,
fly sheet, tent flap]
3: an opening in a garment that is closed by a zipper or
buttons concealed by a fold of cloth [syn: fly front]
4: (baseball) a hit that flies up in the air [syn: fly ball]
5: fisherman's lure consisting of a fishhook decorated to look
like an insect
v 1: travel through the air; be airborne; "Man cannot fly" [syn:
2: move quickly or suddenly; "He flew about the place"
3: fly a plane [syn: aviate, pilot]
4: transport by aeroplane; "We fly flowers from the Caribbean
to North America"
5: cause to fly or float; "fly a kite"
6: be dispersed or disseminated; "Rumors and accusations are
7: change quickly from one emotional state to another; "fly
into a rage"
8: pass away rapidly; "Time flies like an arrow"; "Time fleeing
beneath him" [syn: fell, vanish]
9: travel in an airplane; "she is flying to Cincinnati
tonight"; "Are we driving or flying?"
10: display in the air or cause to float; "fly a kite"; "All
nations fly their flags in front of the U.N."
11: run away quickly; "He threw down his gun and fled" [syn: flee,
12: travel over (an area of land or sea) in an aircraft;
"Lindbergh was the first to fly the Atlantic"
13: hit a fly
14: decrease rapidly and disappear; "the money vanished in las
Vegas"; "all my stock assets have vaporized" [syn: vanish,
[also: flown, flew]
Heb. zebub, (Eccl. 10:1; Isa. 7:18). This fly was so grievous a
pest that the Phoenicians invoked against it the aid of their
god Baal-zebub (q.v.). The prophet Isaiah (7:18) alludes to some
poisonous fly which was believed to be found on the confines of
Egypt, and which would be called by the Lord. Poisonous flies
exist in many parts of Africa, for instance, the different kinds
Heb. 'arob, the name given to the insects sent as a plague on
the land of Egypt (Ex. 8:21-31; Ps. 78:45; 105:31). The LXX.
render this by a word which means the "dog-fly," the cynomuia.
The Jewish commentators regarded the Hebrew word here as
connected with the word _'arab_, which means "mingled;" and they
accordingly supposed the plague to consist of a mixed multitude
of animals, beasts, reptiles, and insects. But there is no doubt
that "the _'arab_" denotes a single definite species. Some
interpreters regard it as the Blatta orientalis, the cockroach,
a species of beetle. These insects "inflict very painful bites
with their jaws; gnaw and destroy clothes, household furniture,
leather, and articles of every kind, and either consume or
render unavailable all eatables."