wave /ˈwev/ 名詞
1. An advancing ridge or swell on the surface of a liquid, as of the sea, resulting from the oscillatory motion of the particles composing it when disturbed by any force their position of rest; an undulation.
The wave behind impels the wave before. --Pope.
2. Physics A vibration propagated from particle to particle through a body or elastic medium, as in the transmission of sound; an assemblage of vibrating molecules in all phases of a vibration, with no phase repeated; a wave of vibration; an undulation. See Undulation.
3. Water; a body of water. [Poetic] “Deep drank Lord Marmion of the wave.”
Build a ship to save thee from the flood,
I 'll furnish thee with fresh wave, bread, and wine. --Chapman.
4. Unevenness; inequality of surface.
5. A waving or undulating motion; a signal made with the hand, a flag, etc.
6. The undulating line or streak of luster on cloth watered, or calendered, or on damask steel.
7. Something resembling or likened to a water wave, as in rising unusually high, in being of unusual extent, or in progressive motion; a swelling or excitement, as of feeling or energy; a tide; flood; period of intensity, usual activity, or the like; as, a wave of enthusiasm; waves of applause.
Wave front Physics, the surface of initial displacement of the particles in a medium, as a wave of vibration advances.
Wave length Physics, the space, reckoned in the direction of propagation, occupied by a complete wave or undulation, as of light, sound, etc.; the distance from a point or phase in a wave to the nearest point at which the same phase occurs.
Wave line Shipbuilding, a line of a vessel's hull, shaped in accordance with the wave-line system.
Wave-line system, Wave-line theory Shipbuilding, a system or theory of designing the lines of a vessel, which takes into consideration the length and shape of a wave which travels at a certain speed.
Wave loaf, a loaf for a wave offering. --Lev. viii. 27.
Wave moth Zool., any one of numerous species of small geometrid moths belonging to Acidalia and allied genera; -- so called from the wavelike color markings on the wings.
Wave offering, an offering made in the Jewish services by waving the object, as a loaf of bread, toward the four cardinal points. --Num. xviii. 11.
Wave of vibration Physics, a wave which consists in, or is occasioned by, the production and transmission of a vibratory state from particle to particle through a body.
Wave surface. (a) Physics A surface of simultaneous and equal displacement of the particles composing a wave of vibration. (b) Geom. A mathematical surface of the fourth order which, upon certain hypotheses, is the locus of a wave surface of light in the interior of crystals. It is used in explaining the phenomena of double refraction. See under Refraction.
Wave theory. Physics See Undulatory theory, under Undulatory.
Wave, v. t.
1. To move one way and the other; to brandish. “[Aeneas] waved his fatal sword.”
2. To raise into inequalities of surface; to give an undulating form a surface to.
Horns whelked and waved like the enridged sea. --Shak.
3. To move like a wave, or by floating; to waft. [Obs.]
4. To call attention to, or give a direction or command to, by a waving motion, as of the hand; to signify by waving; to beckon; to signal; to indicate.
Look, with what courteous action
It waves you to a more removed ground. --Shak.
She spoke, and bowing waved
Wave v. t. See Waive.
Wave, v. i. [imp. & p. p. Waved p. pr. & vb. n. Waving.]
1. To play loosely; to move like a wave, one way and the other; to float; to flutter; to undulate.
His purple robes waved careless to the winds. --Trumbull.
Where the flags of three nations has successively waved. --Hawthorne.
2. To be moved to and fro as a signal.
3. To fluctuate; to waver; to be in an unsettled state; to vacillate. [Obs.]
He waved indifferently 'twixt doing them neither good nor harm. --Shak.
Waive, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Waived p. pr. & vb. n. Waiving.] [Written also wave.]
1. To relinquish; to give up claim to; not to insist on or claim; to refuse; to forego.
He waiveth milk, and flesh, and all. --Chaucer.
We absolutely do renounce or waive our own opinions, absolutely yielding to the direction of others. --Barrow.
2. To throw away; to cast off; to reject; to desert.
3. Law (a) To throw away; to relinquish voluntarily, as a right which one may enforce if he chooses. (b) O. Eng. Law To desert; to abandon.
Note: ☞ The term was applied to a woman, in the same sense as outlaw to a man. A woman could not be outlawed, in the proper sense of the word, because, according to Bracton, she was never in law, that is, in a frankpledge or decennary; but she might be waived, and held as abandoned.
n 1: one of a series of ridges that moves across the surface of a
liquid (especially across a large body of water) [syn: moving
2: a movement like that of an ocean wave; "a wave of settlers";
"troops advancing in waves"
3: (physics) a movement up and down or back and forth [syn: undulation]
4: something that rises rapidly; "a wave of emotion swept over
him"; "there was a sudden wave of buying before the market
closed"; "a wave of conservatism in the country led by the
5: the act of signaling by a movement of the hand [syn: waving,
6: a hairdo that creates undulations in the hair
7: an undulating curve [syn: undulation]
8: a persistent and widespread unusual weather condition
(especially of unusual temperatures)
9: a member of the women's reserve of the United States Navy;
originally organized during World War II but now no longer
a separate branch
v 1: signal with the hands or nod; "She waved to her friends";
"He waved his hand hospitably" [syn: beckon]
2: move or swing back and forth; "She waved her gun" [syn: brandish,
3: move in a wavy pattern or with a rising and falling motion;
"The curtains undulated"; "the waves rolled towards the
beach" [syn: roll, undulate, flap]
4: twist or roll into coils or ringlets; "curl my hair, please"
5: set waves in; "she asked the hairdresser to wave her hair"