milk /ˈmɪlk/ 名詞
1. Physiol. A white fluid secreted by the mammary glands of female mammals for the nourishment of their young, consisting of minute globules of fat suspended in a solution of casein, albumin, milk sugar, and inorganic salts. “White as morne milk.”
2. Bot. A kind of juice or sap, usually white in color, found in certain plants; latex. See Latex.
3. An emulsion made by bruising seeds; as, the milk of almonds, produced by pounding almonds with sugar and water.
4. Zool. The ripe, undischarged spat of an oyster.
Condensed milk. See under Condense, v. t.
Milk crust Med., vesicular eczema occurring on the face and scalp of nursing infants. See Eczema.
Milk fever. (a) Med. A fever which accompanies or precedes the first lactation. It is usually transitory. (b) Vet. Surg. A form puerperal peritonitis in cattle; also, a variety of meningitis occurring in cows after calving.
Milk glass, glass having a milky appearance.
Milk knot Med., a hard lump forming in the breast of a nursing woman, due to obstruction to the flow of milk and congestion of the mammary glands.
Milk leg Med., a swollen condition of the leg, usually in puerperal women, caused by an inflammation of veins, and characterized by a white appearance occasioned by an accumulation of serum and sometimes of pus in the cellular tissue.
Milk meats, food made from milk, as butter and cheese. [Obs.] --Bailey.
Milk mirror. Same as Escutcheon, 2.
Milk molar Anat., one of the deciduous molar teeth which are shed and replaced by the premolars.
Milk of lime Chem., a watery emulsion of calcium hydrate, produced by macerating quicklime in water.
Milk parsley Bot., an umbelliferous plant (Peucedanum palustre) of Europe and Asia, having a milky juice.
Milk pea Bot., a genus (Galactia) of leguminous and, usually, twining plants.
Milk sickness Med., See milk sickness in the vocabulary.
Milk snake Zool., a harmless American snake (Ophibolus triangulus, or Ophibolus eximius). It is variously marked with white, gray, and red. Called also milk adder, chicken snake, house snake, etc.
Milk sugar. Physiol. Chem. See Lactose, and Sugar of milk (below).
Milk thistle Bot., an esculent European thistle (Silybum marianum), having the veins of its leaves of a milky whiteness.
Milk thrush. Med. See Thrush.
Milk tooth Anat., one of the temporary first set of teeth in young mammals; in man there are twenty.
Milk tree Bot., a tree yielding a milky juice, as the cow tree of South America (Brosimum Galactodendron), and the Euphorbia balsamifera of the Canaries, the milk of both of which is wholesome food.
Milk vessel Bot., a special cell in the inner bark of a plant, or a series of cells, in which the milky juice is contained. See Latex.
Rock milk. See Agaric mineral, under Agaric.
Sugar of milk. The sugar characteristic of milk; a hard white crystalline slightly sweet substance obtained by evaporation of the whey of milk. It is used in pellets and powder as a vehicle for homeopathic medicines, and as an article of diet. See Lactose.
Milk v. t. [imp. & p. p. Milked p. pr. & vb. n. Milking.]
1. To draw or press milk from the breasts or udder of, by the hand or mouth; to withdraw the milk of. “Milking the kine.”
I have given suck, and know
How tender 't is to love the babe that milks me. --Shak.
2. To draw from the breasts or udder; to extract, as milk; as, to milk wholesome milk from healthy cows.
3. To draw anything from, as if by milking; to compel to yield profit or advantage; to plunder.
They [the lawyers] milk an unfortunate estate as regularly as a dairyman does his stock. --London Spectator.
To milk the street, to squeeze the smaller operators in stocks and extract a profit from them, by alternately raising and depressing prices within a short range; -- said of the large dealers. [Cant]
To milk a telegram, to use for one's own advantage the contents of a telegram belonging to another person. [Cant]
Milk v. i.
1. To draw or to yield milk.
2. Elec. To give off small gas bubbles during the final part of the charging operation; -- said of a storage battery.
n 1: a white nutritious liquid secreted by mammals and used as
food by human beings
2: produced by mammary glands of female mammals for feeding
3: a river that rises in the Rockies in northwestern Montana
and flows eastward to become a tributary of the Missouri
River [syn: Milk River]
4: any of several nutritive milklike liquids
v 1: take milk from female mammals; "Cows need to be milked every
2: exploit as much as possible; "I am milking this for all it's
3: add milk to; "milk the tea"
(1.) Hebrew halabh, "new milk", milk in its fresh state (Judg.
4:19). It is frequently mentioned in connection with honey (Ex.
3:8; 13:5; Josh. 5:6; Isa. 7:15, 22; Jer. 11:5). Sheep (Deut.
32:14) and goats (Prov. 27:27) and camels (Gen. 32:15), as well
as cows, are made to give their milk for the use of man. Milk is
used figuratively as a sign of abundance (Gen. 49:12; Ezek.
25:4; Joel 3:18). It is also a symbol of the rudiments of
doctrine (1 Cor. 3:2; Heb. 5:12, 13), and of the unadulterated
word of God (1 Pet. 2:2).
(2.) Heb. hem'ah, always rendered "butter" in the Authorized
Version. It means "butter," but also more frequently "cream," or
perhaps, as some think, "curdled milk," such as that which
Abraham set before the angels (Gen. 18:8), and which Jael gave
to Sisera (Judg. 5:25). In this state milk was used by
travellers (2 Sam. 17:29). If kept long enough, it acquired a
slightly intoxicating or soporific power.
This Hebrew word is also sometimes used for milk in general
(Deut. 32:14; Job 20:17).