sys·tem /ˈsɪstəm/ 名詞
系統 制 制度
1. An assemblage of objects arranged in regular subordination, or after some distinct method, usually logical or scientific; a complete whole of objects related by some common law, principle, or end; a complete exhibition of essential principles or facts, arranged in a rational dependence or connection; a regular union of principles or parts forming one entire thing; as, a system of philosophy; a system of government; a system of divinity; a system of botany or chemistry; a military system; the solar system.
The best way to learn any science, is to begin with a regular system, or a short and plain scheme of that science well drawn up into a narrow compass. --I. Watts.
2. Hence, the whole scheme of created things regarded as forming one complete plan of whole; the universe. “The great system of the world.”
3. Regular method or order; formal arrangement; plan; as, to have a system in one's business.
4. Mus. The collection of staves which form a full score. See Score, n.
5. Biol. An assemblage of parts or organs, either in animal or plant, essential to the performance of some particular function or functions which as a rule are of greater complexity than those manifested by a single organ; as, the capillary system, the muscular system, the digestive system, etc.; hence, the whole body as a functional unity.
6. Zool. One of the stellate or irregular clusters of intimately united zooids which are imbedded in, or scattered over, the surface of the common tissue of many compound ascidians.
Block system, Conservative system, etc. See under Block, Conservative, etc.
n 1: a group of independent but interrelated elements comprising
a unified whole; "a vast system of production and
distribution and consumption keep the country going"
2: instrumentality that combines interrelated interacting
artifacts designed to work as a coherent entity; "he
bought a new stereo system"; "the system consists of a
motor and a small computer"
3: a complex of methods or rules governing behavior; "they have
to operate under a system they oppose"; "that language has
a complex system for indicating gender" [syn: system of
4: a procedure or process for obtaining an objective; "they had
to devise a system that did not depend on cooperation"
5: a group of physiologically or anatomically related organs or
parts; "the body has a system of organs for digestion"
6: an organized structure for arranging or classifying; "he
changed the arrangement of the topics"; "the facts were
familiar but it was in the organization of them that he
was original"; "he tried to understand their system of
classification" [syn: arrangement, organization, organisation]
7: (physical chemistry) a sample of matter in which substances
in different phases are in equilibrium; "in a static
system oil cannot be replaced by water on a surface"; "a
system generating hydrogen peroxide"
8: the living body considered as made up of interdependent
components forming a unified whole; "exercise helped him
get the alcohol out of his system"
9: an ordered manner; orderliness by virtue of being methodical
and well organized; "his compulsive organization was not
an endearing quality"; "we can't do it unless we establish
some system around here" [syn: organization, organisation]