ob·jec·tive /əbˈʤɛktɪv, ɑb-/
目的; 目標; 結果; 客觀的
1. Of or pertaining to an object.
2. Metaph. Of or pertaining to an object; contained in, or having the nature or position of, an object; outward; external; extrinsic; -- an epithet applied to whatever is exterior to the mind, or which is simply an object of thought or feeling, as opposed to being related to thoughts of feelings, and opposed to subjective.
In the Middle Ages, subject meant substance, and has this sense in Descartes and Spinoza: sometimes, also, in Reid. Subjective is used by William of Occam to denote that which exists independent of mind; objective, what is formed by the mind. This shows what is meant by realitas objectiva in Descartes. Kant and Fichte have inverted the meanings. Subject, with them, is the mind which knows; object, that which is known; subjective, the varying conditions of the knowing mind; objective, that which is in the constant nature of the thing known. --Trendelenburg.
Objective has come to mean that which has independent existence or authority, apart from our experience or thought. Thus, moral law is said to have objective authority, that is, authority belonging to itself, and not drawn from anything in our nature. --Calderwood (Fleming's Vocabulary).
Objective means that which belongs to, or proceeds from, the object known, and not from the subject knowing, and thus denotes what is real, in opposition to that which is ideal -- what exists in nature, in contrast to what exists merely in the thought of the individual. --Sir. W. Hamilton.
4. Gram. Pertaining to, or designating, the case which follows a transitive verb or a preposition, being that case in which the direct object of the verb is placed. See Accusative, n.
Note: ☞ The objective case is frequently used without a governing word, esp. in designations of time or space, where a preposition, as at, in, on, etc., may be supplied.
My troublous dream [on] this night doth make me sad. --Shak.
To write of victories [in or for] next year. --Hudibras.
Objective line Perspective, a line drawn on the geometrical plane which is represented or sought to be represented.
Objective plane Perspective, any plane in the horizontal plane that is represented.
Objective point, the point or result to which the operations of an army are directed. By extension, the point or purpose to which anything, as a journey or an argument, is directed.
Syn: -- Objective, Subjective.
Usage: Objective is applied to things exterior to the mind, and objects of its attention; subjective, to the operations of the mind itself. Hence, an objective motive is some outward thing awakening desire; a subjective motive is some internal feeling or propensity. Objective views are those governed by outward things; subjective views are produced or modified by internal feeling. Sir Walter Scott's poetry is chiefly objective; that of Wordsworth is eminently subjective.
In the philosophy of mind, subjective denotes what is to be referred to the thinking subject, the ego; objective what belongs to the object of thought, the non-ego. --Sir. W. Hamilton
1. Gram. The objective case.
2. An object glass; called also objective lens. See under Object, n.
3. Same as Objective point, under Objective, a.
adj 1: undistorted by emotion or personal bias; based on observable
phenomena; "an objective appraisal"; "objective
evidence" [syn: nonsubjective] [ant: subjective]
2: serving as or indicating the object of a verb or of certain
prepositions and used for certain other purposes;
"objective case"; "accusative endings" [syn: accusative]
3: emphasizing or expressing things as perceived without
distortion of personal feelings or interpretation;
4: belonging to immediate experience of actual things or
events; "concrete benefits"; "a concrete example"; "there
is no objective evidence of anything of the kind"
n 1: the goal intended to be attained (and which is believed to
be attainable); "the sole object of her trip was to see
her children" [syn: aim, object, target]
2: the lens or system of lenses nearest the object being viewed
[syn: object glass]