union /ˈjunjən/ 名詞
聯合; 聯; 聯集; "或"; 合併; 聯集; 併; 和; 聯合目錄
聯合 聯集 聯盟
1. The act of uniting or joining two or more things into one, or the state of being united or joined; junction; coalition; combination.
Note: ☞ Union differs from connection, as it implies that the bodies are in contact, without an inter░ening body; whereas things may be connected by the in░░░vention of a third body, as by a cord or chain.
2. Agreement and conjunction of mind, spirit, will, affections, or the like; harmony; concord.
3. That which is united, or made one; something formed by a combination or coalition of parts or members; a confederation; a consolidated body; a league; as, the weavers have formed a union; trades unions have become very numerous; the United States of America are often called the Union.
4. A textile fabric composed of two or more materials, as cotton, silk, wool, etc., woven together.
5. A large, fine pearl. [Obs.]
If they [pearls] be white, great, round, smooth, and weighty . . . our dainties and delicates here at Rome . . . call them unions, as a man would say =\“singular,” and by themselves alone.\= --Holland.
In the cup an union shall he throw,
Richer than that which four successive kings
In Denmark's crown have worn. --Shak.
6. A device emblematic of union, used on a national flag or ensign, sometimes, as in the military standard of Great Britain, covering the whole field; sometimes, as in the flag of the United States, and the English naval and marine flag, occupying the upper inner corner, the rest of the flag being called the fly. Also, a flag having such a device; especially, the flag of Great Britain.
Note: ☞ The union of the United States ensign is a cluster of white stars, denoting the union of the States, and, properly, equal in number to that of the States, displayed on a blue field; the fly being composed of alternate stripes of red and white. The union of the British ensign is the three crosses of St. George, St. Andrew, and St. Patrick in combination, denoting the union of England, Scotland and Ireland, displayed on a blue field in the national banner used on shore, on a red, white, or blue field in naval ensigns, and with a white border or fly in the merchant service.
7. Mach. A joint or other connection uniting parts of machinery, or the like, as the elastic pipe of a tender connecting it with the feed pipe of a locomotive engine; especially, a pipe fitting for connecting pipes, or pipes and fittings, in such a way as to facilitate disconnection.
8. Brewing A cask suspended on trunnions, in which fermentation is carried on.
Hypostatic union Theol. See under Hypostatic.
Latin union. See under Latin.
Legislative Union Eng. Hist., the union of Great Britain and Ireland, which took place Jan. 1, 1801.
Union, or Act of Union Eng. Hist., the act by which Scotland was united to England, or by which the two kingdoms were incorporated into one, in 1707.
Union by the first intention, or Union by the second intention. Surg. See To heal by the first intention, or To heal by the second intention, under Intention.
Union down Naut., a signal of distress at sea made by reversing the flag, or turning its union downward.
Union jack. Naut. See Jack, n., 10.
Union joint. Mech. (a) A joint formed by means of a union. (b) A piece of pipe made in the form of the letter T.
Syn: -- Unity; junction; connection; concord; alliance; coalition; combination; confederacy.
Usage: -- Union, Unity. Union is the act of bringing two or more things together so as to make but one, or the state of being united into one. Unity is a state of simple oneness, either of essence, as the unity of God, or of action, feeling, etc., as unity of design, of affection, etc. Thus, we may speak of effecting a union of interests which shall result in a unity of labor and interest in securing a given object.
One kingdom, joy, and union without end. --Milton.
[Man] is to . . . beget
Like of his like, his image multiplied.
In unity defective; which requires
Collateral love, and dearest amity. --Milton.
adj 1: being of or having to do with the northern United States and
those loyal to the Union during the Civil War; "Union
soldiers"; "Federal forces"; "a Federal infantryman"
2: of trade unions; "the union movement"; "union negotiations";
"a union-shop clause in the contract" [ant: nonunion]
n 1: an organization of employees formed to bargain with the
employer; "you have to join the union in order to get a
job" [syn: labor union, trade union, trades union,
2: the United States (especially the northern states during the
American Civil War); "he has visited every state in the
Union"; "Lee hoped to detach Maryland from the Union";
"the North's superior resources turned the scale" [syn: North]
3: the act of pairing a male and female for reproductive
purposes; "the casual couplings of adolescents"; "the
mating of some species occurs only in the spring" [syn: coupling,
mating, pairing, conjugation, sexual union]
4: the state of being joined or united or linked; "there is
strength in union" [syn: unification] [ant: separation]
5: the state of being a married couple voluntarily joined for
life (or until divorce); "a long and happy marriage"; "God
bless this union" [syn: marriage, matrimony, spousal
6: healing process involving the growing together of the edges
of a wound or the growing together of broken bones [syn: conglutination]
7: a political unit formed from previously independent people
or organizations; "the Soviet Union"
8: a set containing all and only the members of two or more
given sets; "let C be the union of the sets A and B" [syn:
9: the occurrence of a uniting of separate parts; "lightning
produced an unusual union of the metals"
10: a device on a national flag emblematic of the union of two
or more sovereignties (typically in the upper inner
11: the act of making or becoming a single unit; "the union of
opposing factions"; "he looked forward to the unification
of his family for the holidays" [syn: unification, uniting,
conjugation, jointure] [ant: disunion]