joint /ˈʤɔɪnt/ 名詞
聯合 結合 或
1. The place or part where two things or parts are joined or united; the union of two or more smooth or even surfaces admitting of a close-fitting or junction; junction; as, a joint between two pieces of timber; a joint in a pipe.
2. A joining of two things or parts so as to admit of motion; an articulation, whether movable or not; a hinge; as, the knee joint; a node or joint of a stem; a ball and socket joint. See Articulation.
A scaly gauntlet now, with joints of steel,
Must glove this hand. --Shak.
To tear thee joint by joint. --Milton.
3. The part or space included between two joints, knots, nodes, or articulations; as, a joint of cane or of a grass stem; a joint of the leg.
4. Any one of the large pieces of meat, as cut into portions by the butcher for roasting.
5. Geol. A plane of fracture, or divisional plane, of a rock transverse to the stratification.
6. Arch. The space between the adjacent surfaces of two bodies joined and held together, as by means of cement, mortar, etc.; as, a thin joint.
7. The means whereby the meeting surfaces of pieces in a structure are secured together.
8. A projecting or retreating part in something; any irregularity of line or surface, as in a wall. [Now Chiefly U. S.]
9. Theaters A narrow piece of scenery used to join together two flats or wings of an interior setting.
10. a disreputable establishment, or a place of low resort, as for smoking opium; -- also used for a commercial establishment, implying a less than impeccable reputation, but often in jest; as, talking about a high-class joint is an oxymoron. [Slang]
Coursing joint Masonry, the mortar joint between two courses of bricks or stones.
Fish joint, Miter joint, Universal joint, etc. See under Fish, Miter, etc.
Joint bolt, a bolt for fastening two pieces, as of wood, one endwise to the other, having a nut embedded in one of the pieces.
Joint chair Railroad, the chair that supports the ends of abutting rails.
Joint coupling, a universal joint for coupling shafting. See under Universal.
Joint hinge, a hinge having long leaves; a strap hinge.
Joint splice, a reënforce at a joint, to sustain the parts in their true relation.
Joint stool. (a) A stool consisting of jointed parts; a folding stool. --Shak. (b) A block for supporting the end of a piece at a joint; a joint chair.
Out of joint, out of place; dislocated, as when the head of a bone slips from its socket; hence, not working well together; disordered. “The time is out of joint.” --Shak.
Joint, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Jointed; p. pr. & vb. n. Jointing.]
1. To unite by a joint or joints; to fit together; to prepare so as to fit together; as, to joint boards.
Pierced through the yielding planks of jointed wood. --Pope.
2. To join; to connect; to unite; to combine.
Jointing their force 'gainst Caesar. --Shak.
3. To provide with a joint or joints; to articulate.
The fingers are jointed together for motion. --Ray.
4. To separate the joints; of; to divide at the joint or joints; to disjoint; to cut up into joints, as meat. “He joints the neck.”
Quartering, jointing, seething, and roasting. --Holland.
1. Joined; united; combined; concerted; as, joint action.
2. Involving the united activity of two or more; done or produced by two or more working together.
I read this joint effusion twice over. --T. Hook.
3. United, joined, or sharing with another or with others; not solitary in interest or action; holding in common with an associate, or with associates; acting together; as, joint heir; joint creditor; a joint bank account; joint debtor, etc. “Joint tenants of the world.”
4. Shared by, or affecting two or more; held in common; as, joint property; a joint bond.
A joint burden laid upon us all. --Shak.
Joint committee Parliamentary Practice, a committee composed of members of the two houses of a legislative body, for the appointment of which concurrent resolutions of the two houses are necessary. --Cushing.
Joint meeting, or Joint session, the meeting or session of two distinct bodies as one; as, a joint meeting of committees representing different corporations; a joint session of both branches of a State legislature to chose a United States senator. “Such joint meeting shall not be dissolved until the electoral votes are all counted and the result declared.” --Joint Rules of Congress, U. S.
Joint resolution Parliamentary Practice, a resolution adopted concurrently by the two branches of a legislative body. “By the constitution of the United States and the rules of the two houses, no absolute distinction is made between bills and joint resolutions.” --Barclay (Digest).
Joint rule Parliamentary Practice, a rule of proceeding adopted by the concurrent action of both branches of a legislative assembly. “Resolved, by the House of Representatives (the Senate concurring), that the sixteenth and seventeenth joint rules be suspended for the remainder of the session.” --Journal H. of R., U. S.
Joint and several Law, a phrase signifying that the debt, credit, obligation, etc., to which it is applied is held in such a way that the parties in interest are engaged both together and individually thus a joint and several debt is one for which all the debtors may be sued together or either of them individually; used especially in the phrase joint and several liability.
Joint stock, stock held in company.
Joint-stock company Law, a species of partnership, consisting generally of a large number of members, having a capital divided, or agreed to be divided, into shares, the shares owned by any member being usually transferable without the consent of the rest.
Joint tenancy Law, a tenure by two or more persons of estate by unity of interest, title, time, and possession, under which the survivor takes the whole. --Blackstone.
Joint tenant Law, one who holds an estate by joint tenancy. Contrassted with tenant in common.
Joint, v. i. To fit as if by joints; to coalesce as joints do; as, the stones joint, neatly.
adj 1: united or combined; "a joint session of Congress"; "joint
owners" [ant: separate]
2: affecting or involving two or more; "joint income-tax
return"; "joint ownership"
3: involving both houses of a legislature; "a joint session of
n 1: (anatomy) the point of connection between two bones or
elements of a skeleton (especially if the articulation
allows motion) [syn: articulation, articulatio]
2: a disreputable place of entertainment
3: the shape or manner in which things come together and a
connection is made [syn: articulation, join, juncture,
4: a piece of meat roasted or for roasting and of a size for
slicing into more than one portion [syn: roast]
5: junction by which parts or objects are joined together
6: marijuana leaves rolled into a cigarette for smoking [syn: marijuana
cigarette, reefer, stick, spliff]
v 1: fit as if by joints; "The boards fit neatly"
2: provide with a joint; "the carpenter jointed two pieces of
wood" [syn: articulate]
3: fasten with a joint
4: separate (meat) at the joint