sur·face /ˈsɝfəs/ 名詞
面 表面 曲面
1. The exterior part of anything that has length and breadth; one of the limits that bound a solid, esp. the upper face; superficies; the outside; as, the surface of the earth; the surface of a diamond; the surface of the body.
The bright surface of this ethereous mold. --Milton.
2. Hence, outward or external appearance.
Vain and weak understandings, which penetrate no deeper than the surface. --V. Knox.
3. Geom. A magnitude that has length and breadth without thickness; superficies; as, a plane surface; a spherical surface.
4. Fort. That part of the side which is terminated by the flank prolonged, and the angle of the nearest bastion.
Caustic surface, Heating surface, etc. See under Caustic, Heating, etc.
Surface condensation, Surface condenser. See under Condensation, and Condenser.
Surface gauge Mach., an instrument consisting of a standard having a flat base and carrying an adjustable pointer, for gauging the evenness of a surface or its height, or for marking a line parallel with a surface.
Surface grub Zool., the larva of the great yellow underwing moth (Triphoena pronuba). It is often destructive to the roots of grasses and other plants.
Surface plate Mach., a plate having an accurately dressed flat surface, used as a standard of flatness by which to test other surfaces.
Surface printing, printing from a surface in relief, as from type, in distinction from plate printing, in which the ink is contained in engraved lines.
Sur·face v. t. [imp. & p. p. Surfaced p. pr. & vb. n. Surfacing ]
1. To give a surface to; especially, to cause to have a smooth or plain surface; to make smooth or plain.
2. To work over the surface or soil of, as ground, in hunting for gold.
adj 1: on the surface; "surface materials of the moon" [ant: subsurface,
2: involving a surface only; "her beauty is only skin-deep";
"superficial bruising"; "a surface wound" [syn: skin-deep,
n 1: the outer boundary of an artifact or a material layer
constituting or resembling such a boundary; "there is a
special cleaner for these surfaces"; "the cloth had a
pattern of red dots on a white surface"
2: the extended two-dimensional outer boundary of a
three-dimensional object; "they skimmed over the surface
of the water"; "a brush small enough to clean every dental
surface"; "the sun has no distinct surface"
3: the outermost level of the land or sea; "earthquakes
originate far below the surface"; "three quarters of the
Earth's surface is covered by water" [syn: Earth's
4: a superficial aspect as opposed to the real nature of
something; "it was not what it appeared to be on the
5: information that has become public; "all the reports were
out in the open"; "the facts had been brought to the
surface" [syn: open]
6: a device that provides reactive force when in motion
relative to the surrounding air; can lift or control a
plane in flight [syn: airfoil, aerofoil, control
v 1: come to the surface [syn: come up, rise up, rise]
2: put a coat on; cover the surface of; furnish with a surface;
"coat the cake with chocolate" [syn: coat]
3: appear or become visible; make a showing; "She turned up at
the funeral"; "I hope the list key is going to surface
again" [syn: come on, come out, turn up, show up]