lift /ˈlɪft/ 名詞
Lift n. The sky; the atmosphere; the firmament. [Obs. or Scot.]
Lift v. t. [imp. & p. p. Lifted; p. pr. & vb. n. Lifting.]
1. To move in a direction opposite to that of gravitation; to raise; to elevate; to bring up from a lower place to a higher; to upheave; sometimes implying a continued support or holding in the higher place; -- said of material things; as, to lift the foot or the hand; to lift a chair or a burden.
2. To raise, elevate, exalt, improve, in rank, condition, estimation, character, etc.; -- often with up.
The Roman virtues lift up mortal man. --Addison.
Lest, being lifted up with pride. --1 Tim. iii. 6.
3. To bear; to support. [Obs.]
4. To collect, as moneys due; to raise.
5. To steal; to carry off by theft (esp. cattle); as, to lift a drove of cattle.
Note: ☞ In old writers, lift is sometimes used for lifted.
He ne'er lift up his hand but conquered. --Shak.
To lift up, to raise or elevate; in the Scriptures, specifically, to elevate upon the cross. --John viii. 28.
To lift up the eyes. To look up; to raise the eyes, as in prayer. --Ps. cxxi. 1.
To lift up the feet, to come speedily to one's relief. --Ps. lxxiv. 3.
To lift up the hand. (a) To take an oath. --Gen. xiv. 22. (b) To pray. --Ps. xxviii. 2. (c) To engage in duty. --Heb. xii. 12.
To lift up the hand against, to rebel against; to assault; to attack; to injure; to oppress. --Job xxxi. 21.
To lift up one's head, to cause one to be exalted or to rejoice. --Gen. xl. 13. --Luke xxi. 28.
To lift up the heel against, to treat with insolence or unkindness. --John xiii.18.
To lift up the voice, to cry aloud; to call out. --Gen. xxi. 16.
Lift v. i.
1. To try to raise something; to exert the strength for raising or bearing.
Strained by lifting at a weight too heavy. --Locke.
2. To rise; to become or appear raised or elevated; as, the fog lifts; the land lifts to a ship approaching it.
3. To steal; also, to live by theft.
1. Act of lifting; also, that which is lifted.
2. The space or distance through which anything is lifted; as, a long lift.
3. Help; assistance, as by lifting. Hence: A ride in a vehicle, given by the vehicle's owner to another person as a favor -- usually in “give a lift” or “got a lift”; as, to give one a lift in a wagon; Jack gave me a lift into town. [Colloq.]
The goat gives the fox a lift. --L'Estrange.
4. That by means of which a person or thing lifts or is lifted; as: (a) A hoisting machine; an elevator; a dumb waiter. [Chiefly Brit.] (b) An exercising machine.
5. A rise; a degree of elevation; as, the lift of a lock in canals.
6. A lift gate. See Lift gate, below. [Prov. Eng.]
7. Naut. A rope leading from the masthead to the extremity of a yard below; -- used for raising or supporting the end of the yard.
8. Mach. One of the steps of a cone pulley.
9. Shoemaking A layer of leather in the heel.
10. Horology That portion of the vibration of a balance during which the impulse is given.
Dead lift. See under Dead. --Swift.
Lift bridge, a kind of drawbridge, the movable part of which is lifted, instead of being drawn aside.
Lift gate, a gate that is opened by lifting.
Lift hammer. See Tilt hammer.
Lift lock, a canal lock.
Lift pump, a lifting pump.
Lift tenter Windmills, a governor for regulating the speed by adjusting the sails, or for adjusting the action of grinding machinery according to the speed.
Lift wall Canal Lock, the cross wall at the head of the lock.
n 1: the act of giving temporary assistance
2: the component of the aerodynamic forces acting on an airfoil
that opposes gravity [syn: aerodynamic lift]
3: the event of something being raised upward; "an elevation of
the temperature in the afternoon"; "a raising of the land
resulting from volcanic activity" [syn: elevation, raising]
4: a wave that lifts the surface of the water or ground [syn: rise]
5: a powered conveyance that carries skiers up a hill [syn: ski
tow, ski lift]
6: a device worn in a shoe or boot to make the wearer look
taller or to correct a shortened leg
7: one of the layers forming the heel of a shoe or boot
8: lifting device consisting of a platform or cage that is
raised and lowered mechanically in a vertical shaft in
order to move people from one floor to another in a
building [syn: elevator]
9: plastic surgery to remove wrinkles and other signs of aging
from your face; an incision is made near the hair line and
skin is pulled back and excess tissue is excised; "some
actresses have more than one face lift" [syn: face lift,
facelift, face lifting, cosmetic surgery, rhytidectomy,
rhytidoplasty, nip and tuck]
10: transportation of people or goods by air (especially when
other means of access are unavailable) [syn: airlift]
11: a ride in a car; "he gave me a lift home"
12: the act of raising something; "he responded with a lift of
his eyebrow"; "fireman learn several different raises for
getting ladders up" [syn: raise, heave]
v 1: raise from a lower to a higher position; "Raise your hands";
"Lift a load" [syn: raise, elevate, get up, bring
up] [ant: lower]
2: take hold of something and move it to a different location;
"lift the box onto the table"
3: move upwards; "lift one's eyes" [syn: raise]
4: move upward; "The fog lifted"; "The smoke arose from the
forest fire"; "The mist uprose from the meadows" [syn: rise,
arise, move up, go up, come up, uprise] [ant: descend]
5: make audible; "He lifted a war whoop"
6: annul by recalling or rescinding; "He revoked the ban on
smoking"; "lift an embargo"; "vacate a death sentence"
[syn: revoke, annul, countermand, reverse, repeal,
overturn, rescind, vacate]
7: make off with belongings of others [syn: pilfer, cabbage,
purloin, pinch, abstract, snarf, swipe, hook,
sneak, filch, nobble]
8: raise or haul up with or as if with mechanical help; "hoist
the bicycle onto the roof of the car" [syn: hoist, wind]
9: invigorate or heighten; "lift my spirits"; "lift his ego"
10: raise in rank or condition; "The new law lifted many people
from poverty" [syn: raise, elevate]
11: take off or away by decreasing; "lift the pressure"
12: rise up; "The building rose before them" [syn: rise, rear]
13: pay off (a mortgage)
14: take without referencing from someone else's writing or
speech; of intellectual property [syn: plagiarize, plagiarise]
15: take illegally; "rustle cattle" [syn: rustle]
16: fly people or goods to or from places not accessible by
other means; "Food is airlifted into Bosnia" [syn: airlift]
17: take (root crops) out of the ground; "lift potatoes"
18: call to stop the hunt or to retire, as of hunting dogs
19: rise upward, as from pressure or moisture; "The floor is
20: put an end to; "lift a ban"; "raise a siege" [syn: raise]
21: remove (hair) by scalping
22: remove from a seedbed or from a nursery; "lift the tulip
23: remove from a surface; "the detective carefully lifted some
fingerprints from the table"
24: perform cosmetic surgery on someone's face [syn: face-lift]