Short·en v. t. [imp. & p. p. Shortened; p. pr. & vb. n. Shortening.]
1. To make short or shorter in measure, extent, or time; as, to shorten distance; to shorten a road; to shorten days of calamity.
2. To reduce or diminish in amount, quantity, or extent; to lessen; to abridge; to curtail; to contract; as, to shorten work, an allowance of food, etc.
Here, where the subject is so fruitful, I am shortened by my chain. --Dryden.
3. To make deficient (as to); to deprive; -- with of.
Spoiled of his nose, and shortened of his ears. --Dryden.
4. To make short or friable, as pastry, with butter, lard, pot liquor, or the like.
To shorten a rope Naut., to take in the slack of it.
To shorten sail Naut., to reduce sail by taking it in.
adj 1: cut short; "a sawed-off shotgun"; "a sawed-off broomstick";
"the shortened rope was easier to use" [syn: sawed-off,
2: cut short in duration; "the abbreviated speech"; "a
curtailed visit"; "her shortened life was clearly the
result of smoking"; "an unsatisfactory truncated
conversation" [syn: abbreviated, truncated]
3: shortened by or as if by means of parts that slide one
within another or are crushed one into another; "a miracle
that anyone survived in the telescoped cars"; "years that
seemed telescoped like time in a dream" [syn: telescoped]
4: with parts removed; "the drastically cut film" [syn: cut]