Stop v. t. [imp. & p. p. Stopped p. pr. & vb. n. Stopping.]
1. To close, as an aperture, by filling or by obstructing; as, to stop the ears; hence, to stanch, as a wound.
2. To obstruct; to render impassable; as, to stop a way, road, or passage.
3. To arrest the progress of; to hinder; to impede; to shut in; as, to stop a traveler; to stop the course of a stream, or a flow of blood.
4. To hinder from acting or moving; to prevent the effect or efficiency of; to cause to cease; to repress; to restrain; to suppress; to interrupt; to suspend; as, to stop the execution of a decree, the progress of vice, the approaches of old age or infirmity.
Whose disposition all the world well knows
Will not be rubbed nor stopped. --Shak.
5. Mus. To regulate the sounds of, as musical strings, by pressing them against the finger board with the finger, or by shortening in any way the vibrating part.
6. To point, as a composition; to punctuate. [R.]
If his sentences were properly stopped. --Landor.
7. Naut. To make fast; to stopper.
Syn: -- To obstruct; hinder; impede; repress; suppress; restrain; discontinue; delay; interrupt.
To stop off Founding, to fill (a part of a mold) with sand, where a part of the cavity left by the pattern is not wanted for the casting.
To stop the mouth. See under Mouth.
Stop v. i.
1. To cease to go on; to halt, or stand still; to come to a stop.
He bites his lip, and starts;
Stops on a sudden, looks upon the ground;
Then lays his finger on his temple: strait
Springs out into fast gait; then stops again. --Shak.
2. To cease from any motion, or course of action.
Stop, while ye may, suspend your mad career! --Cowper.
3. To spend a short time; to reside temporarily; to stay; to tarry; as, to stop with a friend. [Colloq.]
By stopping at home till the money was gone. --R. D. Blackmore.
To stop over, to stop at a station or airport beyond the time of the departure of the train or airplane on which one came, with the purpose of continuing one's journey on a subsequent train or airplane; to break one's journey. See stopover, n.
1. The act of stopping, or the state of being stopped; hindrance of progress or of action; cessation; repression; interruption; check; obstruction.
It is doubtful . . . whether it contributed anything to the stop of the infection. --De Foe.
Occult qualities put a stop to the improvement of natural philosophy. --Sir I. Newton.
It is a great step toward the mastery of our desires to give this stop to them. --Locke.
2. That which stops, impedes, or obstructs; as obstacle; an impediment; an obstruction.
A fatal stop traversed their headlong course. --Daniel.
So melancholy a prospect should inspire us with zeal to oppose some stop to the rising torrent. --Rogers.
3. Mach. A device, or piece, as a pin, block, pawl, etc., for arresting or limiting motion, or for determining the position to which another part shall be brought.
4. Mus. (a) The closing of an aperture in the air passage, or pressure of the finger upon the string, of an instrument of music, so as to modify the tone; hence, any contrivance by which the sounds of a musical instrument are regulated.
The organ sound a time survives the stop. --Daniel.
(b) In the organ, one of the knobs or handles at each side of the organist, by which he can draw on or shut off any register or row of pipes; the register itself; as, the vox humana stop.
5. Arch. A member, plain or molded, formed of a separate piece and fixed to a jamb, against which a door or window shuts. This takes the place, or answers the purpose, of a rebate. Also, a pin or block to prevent a drawer from sliding too far.
6. A point or mark in writing or printing intended to distinguish the sentences, parts of a sentence, or clauses; a mark of punctuation. See Punctuation.
7. Opt. The diaphragm used in optical instruments to cut off the marginal portions of a beam of light passing through lenses.
8. Zool. The depression in the face of a dog between the skull and the nasal bones. It is conspicuous in the bulldog, pug, and some other breeds.
9. Phonetics Some part of the articulating organs, as the lips, or the tongue and palate, closed (a) so as to cut off the passage of breath or voice through the mouth and the nose (distinguished as a lip-stop, or a front-stop, etc., as in p, t, d, etc.), or (b) so as to obstruct, but not entirely cut off, the passage, as in l, n, etc.; also, any of the consonants so formed.
Stop bead Arch., the molding screwed to the inner side of a window frame, on the face of the pulley stile, completing the groove in which the inner sash is to slide.
Stop motion Mach., an automatic device for arresting the motion of a machine, as when a certain operation is completed, or when an imperfection occurs in its performance or product, or in the material which is supplied to it, etc.
Stop plank, one of a set of planks employed to form a sort of dam in some hydraulic works.
Stop valve, a valve that can be closed or opened at will, as by hand, for preventing or regulating flow, as of a liquid in a pipe; -- in distinction from a valve which is operated by the action of the fluid it restrains.
Stop watch, a watch the hands of which can be stopped in order to tell exactly the time that has passed, as in timing a race. See Independent seconds watch, under Independent, a.
Syn: -- Cessation; check; obstruction; obstacle; hindrance; impediment; interruption.
n 1: the event of something ending; "it came to a stop at the
bottom of the hill" [syn: halt]
2: the act of stopping something; "the third baseman made some
remarkable stops"; "his stoppage of the flow resulted in a
flood" [syn: stoppage]
3: a brief stay in the course of a journey; "they made a
stopover to visit their friends" [syn: stopover, layover]
4: the state of inactivity following an interruption; "the
negotiations were in arrest"; "held them in check";
"during the halt he got some lunch"; "the momentary stay
enabled him to escape the blow"; "he spent the entire stop
in his seat" [syn: arrest, check, halt, hitch, stay,
5: a spot where something halts or pauses; "his next stop is
6: a consonant produced by stopping the flow of air at some
point and suddenly releasing it; "his stop consonants are
too aspirated" [syn: stop consonant, occlusive, plosive
consonant, plosive speech sound, plosive] [ant: continuant
7: a punctuation mark (.) placed at the end of a declarative
sentence to indicate a full stop or after abbreviations;
"in England they call a period a stop" [syn: period, point,
full stop, full point]
8: (music) a knob on an organ that is pulled to change the
sound quality from the organ pipes; "the organist pulled
out all the stops"
9: a mechanical device in a camera that controls size of
aperture of the lens; "the new cameras adjust the
diaphragm automatically" [syn: diaphragm]
10: a restraint that checks the motion of something; "he used a
book as a stop to hold the door open" [syn: catch]
11: an obstruction in a pipe or tube; "we had to call a plumber
to clear out the blockage in the drainpipe" [syn: blockage,
block, closure, occlusion, stoppage]
v 1: come to a halt, stop moving; "the car stopped"; "She stopped
in front of a store window" [syn: halt] [ant: start]
2: put an end to a state or an activity; "Quit teasing your
little brother" [syn: discontinue, cease, give up, quit,
lay off] [ant: continue]
3: stop from happening or developing; "Block his election";
"Halt the process" [syn: halt, block, kibosh]
4: interrupt a trip; "we stopped at Aunt Mary's house"; "they
stopped for three days in Florence" [syn: stop over]
5: cause to stop; "stop a car"; "stop the thief" [ant: start]
6: prevent completion; "stop the project"; "break off the
negociations" [syn: break, break off, discontinue]
7: hold back, as of a danger or an enemy; check the expansion
or influence of; "Arrest the downward trend"; "Check the
growth of communism in Sout East Asia"; "Contain the rebel
movement"; "Turn back the tide of communism" [syn: check,
turn back, arrest, contain, hold back]
8: seize on its way; "The fighter plane was ordered to
intercept an aircraft that had entered the country's
airspace" [syn: intercept]
9: have an end, in a temporal, spatial, or quantitative sense;
either spatial or metaphorical; "the bronchioles terminate
in a capillary bed"; "Your rights stop where you infringe
upon the rights of other"; "My property ends by the
bushes"; "The symphony ends in a pianissimo" [syn: end,
finish, terminate, cease] [ant: begin]
10: render unsuitable for passage; "block the way"; "barricade
the streets"; "stop the busy road" [syn: barricade, block,
blockade, block off, block up, bar]
11: stop and wait, as if awaiting further instructions or
developments; "Hold on a moment!" [syn: hold on]
[also: stopping, stopped]