gone /ˈgɔn , ˈgɑn/ 形容詞
Go, v. i. [imp. Went p. p. Gone p. pr. & vb. n. Going. Went comes from the AS, wendan. See Wend, v. i.]
1. To pass from one place to another; to be in motion; to be in a state not motionless or at rest; to proceed; to advance; to make progress; -- used, in various applications, of the movement of both animate and inanimate beings, by whatever means, and also of the movements of the mind; also figuratively applied.
2. To move upon the feet, or step by step; to walk; also, to walk step by step, or leisurely.
Note: ☞ In old writers go is much used as opposed to run, or ride. “Whereso I go or ride.”
You know that love
Will creep in service where it can not go. --Shak.
Thou must run to him; for thou hast staid so long that going will scarce serve the turn. --Shak.
He fell from running to going, and from going to clambering upon his hands and his knees. --Bunyan.
Note: ☞ In Chaucer go is used frequently with the pronoun in the objective used reflexively; as, he goeth him home.
3. To be passed on fron one to another; to pass; to circulate; hence, with for, to have currency; to be taken, accepted, or regarded.
The man went among men for an old man in the days of Saul. --1 Sa. xvii. 12.
[The money] should go according to its true value. --Locke.
4. To proceed or happen in a given manner; to fare; to move on or be carried on; to have course; to come to an issue or result; to succeed; to turn out.
How goes the night, boy ? --Shak.
I think, as the world goes, he was a good sort of man enough. --Arbuthnot.
Whether the cause goes for me or against me, you must pay me the reward. --I Watts.
5. To proceed or tend toward a result, consequence, or product; to tend; to conduce; to be an ingredient; to avail; to apply; to contribute; -- often with the infinitive; as, this goes to show.
Against right reason all your counsels go. --Dryden.
To master the foul flend there goeth some complement knowledge of theology. --Sir W. Scott.
6. To apply one's self; to set one's self; to undertake.
Seeing himself confronted by so many, like a resolute orator, he went not to denial, but to justify his cruel falsehood. --Sir P. Sidney.
Note: ☞ Go, in this sense, is often used in the present participle with the auxiliary verb to be, before an infinitive, to express a future of intention, or to denote design; as, I was going to say; I am going to begin harvest.
7. To proceed by a mental operation; to pass in mind or by an act of the memory or imagination; -- generally with over or through.
By going over all these particulars, you may receive some tolerable satisfaction about this great subject. --South.
8. To be with young; to be pregnant; to gestate.
The fruit she goes with,
I pray for heartily, that it may find
Good time, and live. --Shak.
9. To move from the person speaking, or from the point whence the action is contemplated; to pass away; to leave; to depart; -- in opposition to stay and come.
I will let you go, that ye may sacrifice to the Lord your God; . . . only ye shall not go very far away. --Ex. viii. 28.
10. To pass away; to depart forever; to be lost or ruined; to perish; to decline; to decease; to die.
By Saint George, he's gone!
That spear wound hath our master sped. --Sir W. Scott.
11. To reach; to extend; to lead; as, a line goes across the street; his land goes to the river; this road goes to New York.
His amorous expressions go no further than virtue may allow. --Dryden.
12. To have recourse; to resort; as, to go to law.
Note: ☞ Go is used, in combination with many prepositions and adverbs, to denote motion of the kind indicated by the preposition or adverb, in which, and not in the verb, lies the principal force of the expression; as, to go against to go into, to go out, to go aside, to go astray, etc.
Go to, come; move; go away; -- a phrase of exclamation, serious or ironical.
To go a-begging, not to be in demand; to be undesired.
To go about. (a) To set about; to enter upon a scheme of action; to undertake. “They went about to slay him.”
They never go about . . . to hide or palliate their vices. --Swift.
(b) Naut. To tack; to turn the head of a ship; to wear.
To go abraod. (a) To go to a foreign country. (b) To go out of doors. (c) To become public; to be published or disclosed; to be current.
Then went this saying abroad among the brethren. --John xxi. 23.
-- To go against. (a) To march against; to attack. (b) To be in opposition to; to be disagreeable to.
To go ahead. (a) To go in advance. (b) To go on; to make progress; to proceed.
To go and come. See To come and go, under Come.
To go aside. (a) To withdraw; to retire.
He . . . went aside privately into a desert place. --Luke. ix. 10.
(b) To go from what is right; to err. --Num. v. 29.-- To go back on. (a) To retrace (one's path or footsteps). (b) To abandon; to turn against; to betray. [Slang, U. S.]
To go below (Naut), to go below deck.
To go between, to interpose or mediate between; to be a secret agent between parties; in a bad sense, to pander.
To go beyond. See under Beyond.
To go by, to pass away unnoticed; to omit.
To go by the board Naut., to fall or be carried overboard; as, the mast went by the board.
To go down. (a) To descend. (b) To go below the horizon; as, the sun has gone down. (c) To sink; to founder; -- said of ships, etc. (d) To be swallowed; -- used literally or figuratively. [Colloq.]
Nothing so ridiculous, . . . but it goes down whole with him for truth. --L' Estrange.
-- To go far. (a) To go to a distance. (b) To have much weight or influence.
To go for. (a) To go in quest of. (b) To represent; to pass for. (c) To favor; to advocate. (d) To attack; to assault. [Low] (e) To sell for; to be parted with for (a price).
To go for nothing, to be parted with for no compensation or result; to have no value, efficacy, or influence; to count for nothing.
To go forth. (a) To depart from a place. (b) To be divulged or made generally known; to emanate.
The law shall go forth of Zion, and the word of the Lord from Jerusalem. --Micah iv. 2.
-- To go hard with, to trouble, pain, or endanger.
To go in, to engage in; to take part. [Colloq.]
To go in and out, to do the business of life; to live; to have free access. --John x. 9.
To go in for. [Colloq.] (a) To go for; to favor or advocate (a candidate, a measure, etc.). (b) To seek to acquire or attain to (wealth, honor, preferment, etc.) (c) To complete for (a reward, election, etc.). (d) To make the object of one's labors, studies, etc.
He was as ready to go in for statistics as for anything else. --Dickens.
-- To go in to or To go in unto. (a) To enter the presence of. --Esther iv. 16. (b) To have sexual intercourse with. [Script.]
To go into. (a) To speak of, investigate, or discuss (a question, subject, etc.). (b) To participate in (a war, a business, etc.).
To go large. (Naut) See under Large.
To go off. (a) To go away; to depart.
The leaders . . . will not go off until they hear you. --Shak.
(b) To cease; to intermit; as, this sickness went off. (c) To die. --Shak. (d) To explode or be discharged; -- said of gunpowder, of a gun, a mine, etc. (e) To find a purchaser; to be sold or disposed of. (f) To pass off; to take place; to be accomplished.
The wedding went off much as such affairs do. --Mrs. Caskell.
-- To go on. (a) To proceed; to advance further; to continue; as, to go on reading. (b) To be put or drawn on; to fit over; as, the coat will not go on.
To go all fours, to correspond exactly, point for point.
It is not easy to make a simile go on all fours. --Macaulay.
-- To go out. (a) To issue forth from a place. (b) To go abroad; to make an excursion or expedition.
There are other men fitter to go out than I. --Shak.
What went ye out for to see ? --Matt. xi. 7, 8, 9.
(c) To become diffused, divulged, or spread abroad, as news, fame etc. (d) To expire; to die; to cease; to come to an end; as, the light has gone out.
Life itself goes out at thy displeasure. --Addison.
-- To go over. (a) To traverse; to cross, as a river, boundary, etc.; to change sides.
I must not go over Jordan. --Deut. iv. 22.
Let me go over, and see the good land that is beyond Jordan. --Deut. iii. 25.
Ishmael . . . departed to go over to the Ammonites. --Jer. xli. 10.
(b) To read, or study; to examine; to review; as, to go over one's accounts.
If we go over the laws of Christianity, we shall find that . . . they enjoin the same thing. --Tillotson.
(c) To transcend; to surpass. (d) To be postponed; as, the bill went over for the session. (e) Chem. To be converted (into a specified substance or material); as, monoclinic sulphur goes over into orthorhombic, by standing; sucrose goes over into dextrose and levulose.
To go through. (a) To accomplish; as, to go through a work. (b) To suffer; to endure to the end; as, to go through a surgical operation or a tedious illness. (c) To spend completely; to exhaust, as a fortune. (d) To strip or despoil (one) of his property. [Slang] (e) To botch or bungle a business. [Scot.]
To go through with, to perform, as a calculation, to the end; to complete.
To go to ground. (a) To escape into a hole; -- said of a hunted fox. (b) To fall in battle.
To go to naught (Colloq.), to prove abortive, or unavailling.
To go under. (a) To set; -- said of the sun. (b) To be known or recognized by (a name, title, etc.). (c) To be overwhelmed, submerged, or defeated; to perish; to succumb.
To go up, to come to nothing; to prove abortive; to fail. [Slang]
To go upon, to act upon, as a foundation or hypothesis.
To go with. (a) To accompany. (b) To coincide or agree with. (c) To suit; to harmonize with.
To go well with, To go ill with, To go hard with, to affect (one) in such manner.
To go without, to be, or to remain, destitute of.
To go wrong. (a) To take a wrong road or direction; to wander or stray. (b) To depart from virtue. (c) To happen unfortunately; to unexpectedly cause a mishap or failure. (d) To miss success; to fail.
To let go, to allow to depart; to quit one's hold; to release.
Gone p. p. of Go.
adj : functioning correctly and ready for action; "all systems are
go" [ant: no-go]
n 1: a time for working (after which you will be relieved by
someone else); "it's my go"; "a spell of work" [syn: spell,
2: street names for methylenedioxymethamphetamine [syn: Adam,
ecstasy, XTC, disco biscuit, cristal, X, hug
3: a usually brief attempt; "he took a crack at it"; "I gave it
a whirl" [syn: crack, fling, pass, whirl, offer]
4: a board game for two players who place counters on a grid;
the object is to surround and so capture the opponent's
counters [syn: go game]
v 1: change location; move, travel, or proceed; "How fast does
your new car go?"; "We travelled from Rome to Naples by
bus"; "The policemen went from door to door looking for
the suspect"; "The soldiers moved towards the city in an
attempt to take it before night fell" [syn: travel, move,
locomote] [ant: stay in place]
2: follow a procedure or take a course; "We should go farther
in this matter"; "She went through a lot of trouble"; "go
about the world in a certain manner"; "Messages must go
through diplomatic channels" [syn: proceed, move]
3: move away from a place into another direction; "Go away
before I start to cry"; "The train departs at noon" [syn:
go away, depart] [ant: come]
4: enter or assume a certain state or condition; "He became
annoyed when he heard the bad news"; "It must be getting
more serious"; "her face went red with anger"; "She went
into ecstasy"; "Get going!" [syn: become, get]
5: be awarded; be allotted; "The first prize goes to Mary";
"Her money went on clothes"
6: have a particular form; "the story or argument runs as
follows"; "as the saying goes..." [syn: run]
7: stretch out over a distance, space, time, or scope; run or
extend between two points or beyond a certain point;
"Service runs all the way to Cranbury"; "His knowledge
doesn't go very far"; "My memory extends back to my fourth
year of life"; "The facts extend beyond a consideration of
her personal assets" [syn: run, pass, lead, extend]
8: follow a certain course; "The inauguration went well"; "how
did your interview go?" [syn: proceed]
9: be abolished or discarded; "These ugly billboards have to
go!"; "These luxuries all had to go under the Khmer Rouge"
10: be or continue to be in a certain condition; "The children
went hungry that day"
11: make a certain noise or sound; "She went `Mmmmm'"; "The gun
went `bang'" [syn: sound]
12: perform as expected when applied; "The washing machine won't
go unless it's plugged in"; "Does this old car still run
well?"; "This old radio doesn't work anymore" [syn: function,
work, operate, run] [ant: malfunction]
13: to be spent or finished; "The money had gone after a few
days"; "Gas is running low at the gas stations in the
Midwest" [syn: run low, run short]
14: progress by being changed; "The speech has to go through
several more drafts"; "run through your presentation
before the meeting" [syn: move, run]
15: continue to live; endure or last; "We went without water and
food for 3 days"; "These superstitions survive in the
backwaters of America"; "The racecar driver lived through
several very serious accidents" [syn: survive, last,
live, live on, endure, hold up, hold out]
16: pass, fare, or elapse; of a certain state of affairs or
action; "How is it going?"; "The day went well until I
got your call"
17: pass from physical life and lose all all bodily attributes
and functions necessary to sustain life; "She died from
cancer"; "They children perished in the fire"; "The
patient went peacefully" [syn: die, decease, perish,
exit, pass away, expire, pass] [ant: be born]
18: be in the right place or situation; "Where do these books
belong?"; "Let's put health care where it belongs--under
the control of the government"; "Where do these books
go?" [syn: belong]
19: be ranked or compare; "This violinist is as good as
Juilliard-trained violinists go"
20: begin or set in motion; "I start at eight in the morning";
"Ready, set, go!" [syn: start, get going] [ant: stop]
21: have a turn; make one's move in a game; "Can I go now?"
22: be contained in; "How many times does 18 go into 54?"
23: be sounded, played, or expressed; "How does this song go
24: blend or harmonize; "This flavor will blend with those in
your dish"; "This sofa won't go with the chairs" [syn: blend,
25: lead, extend, or afford access; "This door goes to the
basement"; "The road runs South" [syn: lead]
26: be the right size or shape; fit correctly or as desired;
"This piece won't fit into the puzzle" [syn: fit]
27: go through in search of something; search through someone's
belongings in an unauthorized way; "Who rifled through my
desk drawers?" [syn: rifle]
28: be spent; "All my money went for food and rent"
29: give support (to) or make a choice (of) one out of a group
or number; "I plumped for the losing candidates" [syn: plump]
30: stop operating or functioning; "The engine finally went";
"The car died on the road"; "The bus we travelled in
broke down on the way to town"; "The coffee maker broke";
"The engine failed on the way to town"; "her eyesight
went after the accident" [syn: fail, go bad, give
way, die, give out, conk out, break, break down]
[also: went, gone, goes (pl)]
adj 1: not present; having left; "he's away right now"; "you must
not allow a stranger into the house when your mother
is away"; "everyone is gone now"; "the departed
guests" [syn: away(p), gone(p), departed(a)]
2: destroyed or killed; "we are gone geese" [syn: done for(p),
3: dead; "he is deceased"; "our dear departed friend" [syn: asleep(p),
at peace(p), at rest(p), deceased, departed]
4: having all been spent; "the money is all gone" [syn: expended,
5: well in the past; former; "bygone days"; "dreams of foregone
times"; "sweet memories of gone summers"; "relics of a
departed era" [syn: bygone, bypast, departed, foregone]
6: no longer retained; "gone with the wind" [syn: gone(p)]