Lose v. t. [imp. & p. p. Lost p. pr. & vb. n. Losing ]
1. To part with unintentionally or unwillingly, as by accident, misfortune, negligence, penalty, forfeit, etc.; to be deprived of; as, to lose money from one's purse or pocket, or in business or gaming; to lose an arm or a leg by amputation; to lose men in battle.
Fair Venus wept the sad disaster
Of having lost her favorite dove. --Prior.
2. To cease to have; to possess no longer; to suffer diminution of; as, to lose one's relish for anything; to lose one's health.
If the salt hath lost his savor, wherewith shall it be salted? --Matt. v. 13.
3. Not to employ; to employ ineffectually; to throw away; to waste; to squander; as, to lose a day; to lose the benefits of instruction.
The unhappy have but hours, and these they lose. --Dryden.
4. To wander from; to miss, so as not to be able to and; to go astray from; as, to lose one's way.
He hath lost his fellows. --Shak
5. To ruin; to destroy; as destroy; as, the ship was lost on the ledge.
The woman that deliberates is lost. --Addison.
6. To be deprived of the view of; to cease to see or know the whereabouts of; as, he lost his companion in the crowd.
Like following life thro' creatures you dissect,
You lose it in the moment you detect. --Pope.
7. To fail to obtain or enjoy; to fail to gain or win; hence, to fail to catch with the mind or senses; to miss; as, I lost a part of what he said.
He shall in no wise lose his reward. --Matt. x. 42.
I fought the battle bravely which I lost,
And lost it but to Macedonians. --Dryden.
8. To cause to part with; to deprive of. [R.]
How should you go about to lose him a wife he loves with so much passion? --Sir W. Temple.
9. To prevent from gaining or obtaining.
O false heart! thou hadst almost betrayed me to eternal flames, and lost me this glory. --Baxter.
To lose ground, to fall behind; to suffer gradual loss or disadvantage.
To lose heart, to lose courage; to become timid. “The mutineers lost heart.” --Macaulay.
To lose one's head, to be thrown off one's balance; to lose the use of one's good sense or judgment, through fear, anger, or other emotion.
In the excitement of such a discovery, many scholars lost their heads. --Whitney.
-- To lose one's self. (a) To forget or mistake the bearing of surrounding objects; as, to lose one's self in a great city. (b) To have the perceptive and rational power temporarily suspended; as, we lose ourselves in sleep.
To lose sight of. (a) To cease to see; as, to lose sight of the land. (b) To overlook; to forget; to fail to perceive; as, he lost sight of the issue.
1. Parted with unwillingly or unintentionally; not to be found; missing; as, a lost book or sheep.
2. Parted with; no longer held or possessed; as, a lost limb; lost honor.
3. Not employed or enjoyed; thrown away; employed ineffectually; wasted; squandered; as, a lost day; a lost opportunity or benefit.
5. Having wandered from, or unable to find, the way; bewildered; perplexed; as, a child lost in the woods; a stranger lost in London.
6. Ruined or destroyed, either physically or morally; past help or hope; as, a ship lost at sea; a woman lost to virtue; a lost soul.
7. Hardened beyond sensibility or recovery; alienated; insensible; as, lost to shame; lost to all sense of honor.
8. Not perceptible to the senses; no longer visible; as, an island lost in a fog; a person lost in a crowd.
9. Occupied with, or under the influence of, something, so as to be insensible of external things; as, to be lost in thought.
Lost motion Mach., the difference between the motion of a driver and that of a follower, due to the yielding of parts or looseness of joints.
v 1: fail to keep or to maintain; cease to have, either
physically or in an abstract sense; "She lost her purse
when she left it unattended on her seat" [ant: keep]
2: fail to win; "We lost the battle but we won the war" [ant: win]
3: suffer the loss of a person through death or removal; "She
lost her husband in the war"; "The couple that wanted to
adopt the child lost her when the biological parents
4: place (something) where one cannot find it again; "I
misplaced my eyeglasses" [syn: misplace, mislay]
5: miss from one's possessions; lose sight of; "I've lost my
glasses again!" [ant: find]
6: allow to go out of sight; "The detective lost the man he was
shadowing after he had to stop at a red light"
7: fail to make money in a business; make a loss or fail to
profit; "I lost thousands of dollars on that bad
investment!"; "The company turned a loss after the first
year" [syn: turn a loss] [ant: profit, break even]
8: fail to get or obtain; "I lost the opportunity to spend a
year abroad" [ant: acquire]
9: retreat [syn: fall back, drop off, fall behind, recede]
10: fail to perceive or to catch with the senses or the mind; "I
missed that remark"; "She missed his point"; "We lost
part of what he said" [syn: miss]
11: be set at a disadvantage; "This author really suffers in
translation" [syn: suffer]
adj 1: no longer in your possession or control; unable to be found
or recovered; "a lost child"; "lost friends"; "his
lost book"; "lost opportunities" [ant: found]
2: having lost your bearings; confused as to time or place or
personal identity; "I frequently find myself disoriented
when I come up out of the subway"; "the anesthetic left
her completely disoriented" [syn: confused, disoriented]
3: spiritually or physically doomed or destroyed; "lost souls";
"a lost generation"; "a lost ship"; "the lost platoon"
4: not gained or won; "a lost battle"; "a lost prize" [ant: won]
5: incapable of being recovered or regained; "his lost honor"
6: not caught with the senses or the mind; "words lost in the
din" [syn: missed]
7: deeply absorbed in thought; "as distant and bemused as a
professor listening to the prattling of his freshman
class"; "lost in thought"; "a preoccupied frown" [syn: bemused,
deep in thought(p), lost(p), preoccupied]
8: no longer known; irretrievable; "a forgotten art"; "a lost
art"; "lost civilizations" [syn: forgotten]
9: perplexed by many conflicting situations or statements;
filled with bewilderment; "obviously bemused by his
questions"; "bewildered and confused"; "a cloudy and
confounded philosopher"; "just a mixed-up kid"; "she felt
lost on the first day of school" [syn: baffled, befuddled,
bemused, bewildered, confounded, confused, mazed,
mixed-up, at sea]
10: unable to function; without help [syn: helpless]
n : people who are destined to die soon; "the agony of the
doomed was in his voice" [syn: doomed]