fail /ˈfe(ə)l/ 不及物動詞
Fail v. t.
1. To be wanting to ; to be insufficient for; to disappoint; to desert.
There shall not fail thee a man on the throne. --1 Kings ii. 4.
2. To miss of attaining; to lose. [R.]
Though that seat of earthly bliss be failed. --Milton.
1. Miscarriage; failure; deficiency; fault; -- mostly superseded by failure or failing, except in the phrase without fail. “His highness' fail of issue.”
2. Death; decease. [Obs.]
Fail v. i. [imp. & p. p. Failed p. pr. & vb. n. Failing.]
1. To be wanting; to fall short; to be or become deficient in any measure or degree up to total absence; to cease to be furnished in the usual or expected manner, or to be altogether cut off from supply; to be lacking; as, streams fail; crops fail.
As the waters fail from the sea. --Job xiv. 11.
Till Lionel's issue fails, his should not reign. --Shak.
2. To be affected with want; to come short; to lack; to be deficient or unprovided; -- used with of.
If ever they fail of beauty, this failure is not be attributed to their size. --Berke.
3. To fall away; to become diminished; to decline; to decay; to sink.
When earnestly they seek
Such proof, conclude they then begin to fail. --Milton.
4. To deteriorate in respect to vigor, activity, resources, etc.; to become weaker; as, a sick man fails.
5. To perish; to die; -- used of a person. [Obs.]
Had the king in his last sickness failed. --Shak.
6. To be found wanting with respect to an action or a duty to be performed, a result to be secured, etc.; to miss; not to fulfill expectation.
Take heed now that ye fail not to do this. --Ezra iv. 22.
Either my eyesight fails, or thou look'st pale. --Shak.
7. To come short of a result or object aimed at or desired ; to be baffled or frusrated.
Our envious foe hath failed. --Milton.
8. To err in judgment; to be mistaken.
Which ofttimes may succeed, so as perhaps
Shall grieve him, if I fail not. --Milton.
9. To become unable to meet one's engagements; especially, to be unable to pay one's debts or discharge one's business obligation; to become bankrupt or insolvent; as, many credit unions failed in the late 1980's.
v 1: fail to do something; leave something undone; "She failed to
notice that her child was no longer in his crib"; "The
secretary failed to call the customer and the company
lost the account" [syn: neglect]
2: be unsuccessful; "Where do today's public schools fail?";
"The attempt to rescue the hostages failed miserably"
[syn: go wrong, miscarry] [ant: succeed]
3: disappoint, prove undependable to; abandon, forsake; "His
sense of smell failed him this time"; "His strength
finally failed him"; "His children failed him in the
crisis" [syn: betray]
4: stop operating or functioning; "The engine finally went";
"The car died on the road"; "The bus we travelled in broke
down on the way to town"; "The coffee maker broke"; "The
engine failed on the way to town"; "her eyesight went
after the accident" [syn: go bad, give way, die, give
out, conk out, go, break, break down]
5: be unable; "I fail to understand your motives" [ant: pull
6: judge unacceptable; "The teacher failed six students" [ant:
7: fail to get a passing grade; "She studied hard but failed
nevertheless"; "Did I fail the test?" [syn: flunk, bomb,
flush it] [ant: pass]
8: fall short in what is expected; "She failed in her
obligations as a good daughter-in-law"; "We must not fail
his obligation to the victims of the Holocaust"
9: become bankrupt or insolvent; fail financially and close;
"The toy company went bankrupt after the competition hired
cheap Mexican labor"; "A number of banks failed that year"
10: prove insufficient; "The water supply for the town failed
after a long drought" [syn: run out, give out]
11: get worse; "Her health is declining"