a·ban·don /əˈbændən/ 動詞
拋棄, 離棄, 遺棄, 放棄
a·ban·don /əˈbændən/ 名詞 不可數
盡情, 任意, 放縱
A·ban·don n. A complete giving up to natural impulses; freedom from artificial constraint; careless freedom or ease.
A·ban·don, n. Abandonment; relinquishment. [Obs.]
A·ban·don v. t. [imp. & p. p. Abandoned p. pr. & vb. n. Abandoning.]
1. To cast or drive out; to banish; to expel; to reject. [Obs.]
That he might . . . abandon them from him. --Udall.
Being all this time abandoned from your bed. --Shak.
2. To give up absolutely; to forsake entirely ; to renounce utterly; to relinquish all connection with or concern on; to desert, as a person to whom one owes allegiance or fidelity; to quit; to surrender.
Hope was overthrown, yet could not be abandoned. --I. Taylor.
3. Reflexively: To give (one's self) up without attempt at self-control; to yield (one's self) unrestrainedly; -- often in a bad sense.
He abandoned himself . . . to his favorite vice. --Macaulay.
4. Mar. Law To relinquish all claim to; -- used when an insured person gives up to underwriters all claim to the property covered by a policy, which may remain after loss or damage by a peril insured against.
Syn: -- To give up; yield; forego; cede; surrender; resign; abdicate; quit; relinquish; renounce; desert; forsake; leave; retire; withdraw from.
Usage: To Abandon, Desert, Forsake. These words agree in representing a person as giving up or leaving some object, but differ as to the mode of doing it. The distinctive sense of abandon is that of giving up a thing absolutely and finally; as, to abandon one's friends, places, opinions, good or evil habits, a hopeless enterprise, a shipwrecked vessel. Abandon is more widely applicable than forsake or desert. The Latin original of desert appears to have been originally applied to the case of deserters from military service. Hence, the verb, when used of persons in the active voice, has usually or always a bad sense, implying some breach of fidelity, honor, etc., the leaving of something which the person should rightfully stand by and support; as, to desert one's colors, to desert one's post, to desert one's principles or duty. When used in the passive, the sense is not necessarily bad; as, the fields were deserted, a deserted village, deserted halls. Forsake implies the breaking off of previous habit, association, personal connection, or that the thing left had been familiar or frequented; as, to forsake old friends, to forsake the paths of rectitude, the blood forsook his cheeks. It may be used either in a good or in a bad sense.
n 1: the trait of lacking restraint or control; freedom from
inhibition or worry; "she danced with abandon" [syn: wantonness,
2: a feeling of extreme emotional intensity; "the wildness of
his anger" [syn: wildness]
v 1: forsake, leave behind; "We abandoned the old car in the
empty parking lot"
2: stop maintaining or insisting on; of ideas, claims, etc.;
"He abandoned the thought of asking for her hand in
marriage"; "Both sides have to give up some calims in
these negociations" [syn: give up]
3: give up with the intent of never claiming again; "Abandon
your life to God"; "She gave up her children to her
ex-husband when she moved to Tahiti"; "We gave the
drowning victim up for dead" [syn: give up]
4: leave behind empty; move out of; "You must vacate your
office by tonight" [syn: vacate, empty]
5: leave someone who needs or counts on you; leave in the
lurch; "The mother deserted her children" [syn: forsake,