drive /ˈdraɪv/ 名詞
Drive v. t. [imp. Drove formerly Drave (drāv); p. p. Driven p. pr. & vb. n. Driving.]
1. To impel or urge onward by force in a direction away from one, or along before one; to push forward; to compel to move on; to communicate motion to; as, to drive cattle; to drive a nail; smoke drives persons from a room.
A storm came on and drove them into Pylos. --Jowett (Thucyd. ).
Shield pressed on shield, and man drove man along. --Pope.
Go drive the deer and drag the finny prey. --Pope.
2. To urge on and direct the motions of, as the beasts which draw a vehicle, or the vehicle borne by them; hence, also, to take in a carriage; to convey in a vehicle drawn by beasts; as, to drive a pair of horses or a stage; to drive a person to his own door.
How . . . proud he was to drive such a brother! --Thackeray.
3. To urge, impel, or hurry forward; to force; to constrain; to urge, press, or bring to a point or state; as, to drive a person by necessity, by persuasion, by force of circumstances, by argument, and the like. “ Enough to drive one mad.”
He, driven to dismount, threatened, if I did not do the like, to do as much for my horse as fortune had done for his. --Sir P. Sidney.
4. To carry or; to keep in motion; to conduct; to prosecute. [Now used only colloquially.]
The trade of life can not be driven without partners. --Collier.
5. To clear, by forcing away what is contained.
To drive the country, force the swains away. --Dryden.
6. Mining To dig Horizontally; to cut a horizontal gallery or tunnel.
7. To pass away; -- said of time. [Obs.]
8. Specif., in various games, as tennis, baseball, etc., to propel (the ball) swiftly by a direct stroke or forcible throw.
1. In various games, as tennis, cricket, etc., the act of player who drives the ball; the stroke or blow; the flight of the ball, etc., so driven.
2. Golf A stroke from the tee, generally a full shot made with a driver; also, the distance covered by such a stroke.
Note: ☞ Drive, in all its senses, implies forcible or violent action. It is the reverse of to lead. To drive a body is to move it by applying a force behind; to lead is to cause to move by applying the force before, or in front. It takes a variety of meanings, according to the objects by which it is followed; as, to drive an engine, to direct and regulate its motions; to drive logs, to keep them in the current of a river and direct them in their course; to drive feathers or down, to place them in a machine, which, by a current of air, drives off the lightest to one end, and collects them by themselves. “My thrice-driven bed of down.”
Drive, v. i.
1. To rush and press with violence; to move furiously.
Fierce Boreas drove against his flying sails. --Dryden.
Under cover of the night and a driving tempest. --Prescott.
Time driveth onward fast,
And in a little while our lips are dumb. --Tennyson.
2. To be forced along; to be impelled; to be moved by any physical force or agent; to be driven.
The hull drives on, though mast and sail be torn. --Byron.
The chaise drives to Mr. Draper's chambers. --Thackeray.
3. To go by carriage; to pass in a carriage; to proceed by directing or urging on a vehicle or the animals that draw it; as, the coachman drove to my door.
4. To press forward; to aim, or tend, to a point; to make an effort; to strive; -- usually with at.
Let them therefore declare what carnal or secular interest he drove at. --South.
5. To distrain for rent. [Obs.]
6. Golf To make a drive, or stroke from the tee.
To let drive, to aim a blow; to strike with force; to attack. “Four rogues in buckram let drive at me.”
Drive p. p. Driven. [Obs.]
1. The act of driving; a trip or an excursion in a carriage, as for exercise or pleasure; -- distinguished from a ride taken on horseback.
2. A place suitable or agreeable for driving; a road prepared for driving.
3. Violent or rapid motion; a rushing onward or away; esp., a forced or hurried dispatch of business.
The Murdstonian drive in business. --M. Arnold.
4. In type founding and forging, an impression or matrix, formed by a punch drift.
5. A collection of objects that are driven; a mass of logs to be floated down a river. [Colloq.]
Syn: -- See Ride.
n 1: the act of applying force to propel something; "after
reaching the desired velocity the drive is cut off"
[syn: thrust, driving force]
2: a mechanism by which force or power is transmitted in a
machine; "a variable speed drive permitted operation
through a range of speeds"
3: a series of actions advancing a principle or tending toward
a particular end; "he supported populist campaigns"; "they
worked in the cause of world peace"; "the team was ready
for a drive toward the pennant"; "the movement to end
slavery"; "contributed to the war effort" [syn: campaign,
cause, crusade, movement, effort]
4: a road leading up to a private house; "they parked in the
driveway" [syn: driveway, private road]
5: the trait of being highly motivated; "his drive and energy
exhausted his co-workers"
6: hitting a golf ball off of a tee with a driver; "he sliced
his drive out of bounds" [syn: driving]
7: the act of driving a herd of animals overland
8: a journey in a vehicle driven by someone else; "he took the
family for a drive in his new car" [syn: ride]
9: a physiological state corresponding to a strong need or
10: (computer science) a device that writes data onto or reads
data from a storage medium
11: a wide scenic road planted with trees; "the riverside drive
offers many exciting scenic views" [syn: parkway]
12: (sports) a hard straight return (as in tennis or squash)
v 1: operate or control a vehicle; "drive a car or bus"; "Can you
drive this four-wheel truck?"
2: travel or be transported in a vehicle; "We drove to the
university every morning"; "They motored to London for the
theater" [syn: motor]
3: cause someone or something to move by driving; "She drove me
to school every day"; "We drove the car to the garage"
4: force into or from an action or state, either physically or
metaphorically; "She rammed her mind into focus"; "He
drives me mad" [syn: force, ram]
5: to compel or force or urge relentlessly or exert coercive
pressure on, or motivate strongly; "She is driven by her
6: cause to move back by force or influence; "repel the enemy";
"push back the urge to smoke"; "beat back the invaders"
[syn: repel, repulse, force back, push back, beat
back] [ant: attract]
7: compel somebody to do something, often against his own will
or judgment; "She finally drove him to change jobs"
8: push, propel, or press with force; "Drive a nail into the
9: cause to move rapidly by striking or throwing with force;
"drive the ball far out into the field"
10: strive and make an effort to reach a goal; "She tugged for
years to make a decent living"; "We have to push a little
to make the deadline!"; "She is driving away at her
doctoral thesis" [syn: tug, labor, labour, push]
11: move into a desired direction of discourse; "What are you
driving at?" [syn: get, aim]
12: have certain properties when driven; "This car rides
smoothly"; "My new truck drives well" [syn: ride]
13: work as a driver; "He drives a bread truck"; "She drives for
the taxi company in Newark"
14: move by being propelled by a force; "The car drove around
15: urge forward; "drive the cows into the barn"
16: proceed along in a vehicle; "We drive the turnpike to work"
17: strike with a driver, as in teeing off; "drive a golfball"
18: hit very hard and straight with the bat swinging more or
less vertically; "drive a ball"
19: excavate horizontally; "drive a tunnel"
20: cause to function by supplying the force or power for or by
controlling; "The amplifier drives the tube"; "steam
drives the engines"; "this device drives the disks for
21: hunting: search for game; "drive the forest"
22: hunting: chase from cover into more open ground; "drive the
[also: drove, driven]