strike /ˈstraɪk/ 名詞
Strike v. t. [imp. Struck p. p. Struck, Stricken (Stroock Strucken Obs.); p. pr. & vb. n. Striking. Struck is more commonly used in the p. p. than stricken.]
1. To touch or hit with some force, either with the hand or with an instrument; to smite; to give a blow to, either with the hand or with any instrument or missile.
He at Philippi kept
His sword e'en like a dancer; while I struck
The lean and wrinkled Cassius. --Shak.
2. To come in collision with; to strike against; as, a bullet struck him; the wave struck the boat amidships; the ship struck a reef.
3. To give, as a blow; to impel, as with a blow; to give a force to; to dash; to cast.
They shall take of the blood, and strike it on the two sideposts. --Ex. xii. 7.
Who would be free, themselves must strike the blow. --Byron.
4. To stamp or impress with a stroke; to coin; as, to strike coin from metal: to strike dollars at the mint.
5. To thrust in; to cause to enter or penetrate; to set in the earth; as, a tree strikes its roots deep.
6. To punish; to afflict; to smite.
To punish the just is not good, nor strike princes for equity. --Prov. xvii. 26.
7. To cause to sound by one or more beats; to indicate or notify by audible strokes; as, the clock strikes twelve; the drums strike up a march.
8. To lower; to let or take down; to remove; as, to strike sail; to strike a flag or an ensign, as in token of surrender; to strike a yard or a topmast in a gale; to strike a tent; to strike the centering of an arch.
9. To make a sudden impression upon, as by a blow; to affect sensibly with some strong emotion; as, to strike the mind, with surprise; to strike one with wonder, alarm, dread, or horror.
Nice works of art strike and surprise us most on the first view. --Atterbury.
They please as beauties, here as wonders strike. --Pope.
10. To affect in some particular manner by a sudden impression or impulse; as, the plan proposed strikes me favorably; to strike one dead or blind.
How often has stricken you dumb with his irony! --Landor.
11. To cause or produce by a stroke, or suddenly, as by a stroke; as, to strike a light.
Waving wide her myrtle wand,
She strikes a universal peace through sea and land. --Milton.
12. To cause to ignite; as, to strike a match.
13. To make and ratify; as, to strike a bargain.
Note: ☞ Probably borrowed from the L. foedus ferrire, to strike a compact, so called because an animal was struck and killed as a sacrifice on such occasions.
14. To take forcibly or fraudulently; as, to strike money. [Old Slang]
15. To level, as a measure of grain, salt, or the like, by scraping off with a straight instrument what is above the level of the top.
16. Masonry To cut off, as a mortar joint, even with the face of the wall, or inward at a slight angle.
17. To hit upon, or light upon, suddenly; as, my eye struck a strange word; they soon struck the trail.
18. To borrow money of; to make a demand upon; as, he struck a friend for five dollars. [Slang]
19. To lade into a cooler, as a liquor.
20. To stroke or pass lightly; to wave.
Behold, I thought, He will . . . strike his hand over the place, and recover the leper. --2 Kings v. 11.
21. To advance; to cause to go forward; -- used only in past participle. “Well struck in years.”
To strike an attitude, To strike a balance. See under Attitude, and Balance.
To strike a jury Law, to constitute a special jury ordered by a court, by each party striking out a certain number of names from a prepared list of jurors, so as to reduce it to the number of persons required by law. --Burrill.
To strike a lead. (a) Mining To find a vein of ore. (b) Fig.: To find a way to fortune. [Colloq.]
To strike a ledger or To strike an account, to balance it.
To strike hands with. (a) To shake hands with. --Halliwell. (b) To make a compact or agreement with; to agree with.
To strike off. (a) To erase from an account; to deduct; as, to strike off the interest of a debt. (b) Print. To impress; to print; as, to strike off a thousand copies of a book. (c) To separate by a blow or any sudden action; as, to strike off what is superfluous or corrupt.
To strike oil, to find petroleum when boring for it; figuratively, to make a lucky hit financially. [Slang, U.S.]
To strike one luck, to shake hands with one and wish good luck. [Obs.] --Beau. & Fl.
To strike out. (a) To produce by collision; to force out, as, to strike out sparks with steel. (b) To blot out; to efface; to erase. “To methodize is as necessary as to strike out.” --Pope. (c) To form by a quick effort; to devise; to invent; to contrive, as, to strike out a new plan of finance. (d) Baseball To cause a player to strike out; -- said of the pitcher. See To strike out, under Strike, v. i.
To strike sail. See under Sail.
To strike up. (a) To cause to sound; to begin to beat. “Strike up the drums.” --Shak. (b) To begin to sing or play; as, to strike up a tune. (c) To raise (as sheet metal), in making diahes, pans, etc., by blows or pressure in a die.
To strike work, to quit work; to go on a strike.
Strike v. i. To move; to advance; to proceed; to take a course; as, to strike into the fields.
A mouse . . . struck forth sternly [bodily]. --Piers Plowman.
2. To deliver a quick blow or thrust; to give blows.
And fiercely took his trenchant blade in hand,
With which he stroke so furious and so fell. --Spenser.
Strike now, or else the iron cools. --Shak.
3. To hit; to collide; to dush; to clash; as, a hammer strikes against the bell of a clock.
4. To sound by percussion, with blows, or as with blows; to be struck; as, the clock strikes.
A deep sound strikes like a rising knell. --Byron.
5. To make an attack; to aim a blow.
A puny subject strikes
At thy great glory. --Shak.
Struck for throne, and striking found his doom. --Tennyson.
6. To touch; to act by appulse.
Hinder light but from striking on it [porphyry], and its colors vanish. --Locke.
7. To run upon a rock or bank; to be stranded; as, the ship struck in the night.
8. To pass with a quick or strong effect; to dart; to penetrate.
Till a dart strike through his liver. --Prov. vii. 23.
Now and then a glittering beam of wit or passion strikes through the obscurity of the poem. --Dryden.
9. To break forth; to commence suddenly; -- with into; as, to strike into reputation; to strike into a run.
10. To lower a flag, or colors, in token of respect, or to signify a surrender of a ship to an enemy.
That the English ships of war should not strike in the Danish seas. --Bp. Burnet.
11. To quit work in order to compel an increase, or prevent a reduction, of wages.
12. To become attached to something; -- said of the spat of oysters.
13. To steal money. [Old Slang, Eng.]
To strike at, to aim a blow at.
To strike for, to start suddenly on a course for.
To strike home, to give a blow which reaches its object, to strike with effect.
To strike in. (a) To enter suddenly. (b) To disappear from the surface, with internal effects, as an eruptive disease. (c) To come in suddenly; to interpose; to interrupt. “I proposed the embassy of Constantinople for Mr. Henshaw, but my Lord Winchelsea struck in.” --Evelyn. (d) To join in after another has begun,as in singing.
To strike in with, to conform to; to suit itself to; to side with, to join with at once. “To assert this is to strike in with the known enemies of God's grace.” --South.
To strike out. (a) To start; to wander; to make a sudden excursion; as, to strike out into an irregular course of life. (b) To strike with full force. (c) Baseball To be put out for not hitting the ball during one's turn at the bat.
To strike up, to commence to play as a musician; to begin to sound, as an instrument. “Whilst any trump did sound, or drum struck up.” --Shak.
1. The act of striking.
2. An instrument with a straight edge for leveling a measure of grain, salt, and the like, scraping off what is above the level of the top; a strickle.
3. A bushel; four pecks. [Prov. Eng.]
4. An old measure of four bushels. [Prov. Eng.]
5. Fullness of measure; hence, excellence of quality.
Three hogsheads of ale of the first strike. --Sir W. Scott.
6. An iron pale or standard in a gate or fence. [Obs.]
7. The act of quitting work; specifically, such an act by a body of workmen, usually organized by a labor union, done as a means of enforcing compliance with demands made on their employer.
Strikes are the insurrections of labor. --F. A. Walker.
8. Iron Working A puddler's stirrer.
9. Geol. The horizontal direction of the outcropping edges of tilted rocks; or, the direction of a horizontal line supposed to be drawn on the surface of a tilted stratum. It is at right angles to the dip.
10. The extortion of money, or the attempt to extort money, by threat of injury; blackmailing.
11. A sudden finding of rich ore in mining; hence, any sudden success or good fortune, esp. financial.
12. Bowling, U. S. The act of leveling all the pins with the first bowl; also, the score thus made. Sometimes called double spare. Throwing a strike entitles the player to add to the score for that frame the total number of pins knocked down in the next two bowls.
13. Baseball Any actual or constructive striking at the pitched ball, three of which, if the ball is not hit fairly, cause the batter to be put out; hence, any of various acts or events which are ruled as equivalent to such a striking, as failing to strike at a ball so pitched that the batter should have struck at it. “It's one, two, three strikes you're out in the old ball game.” --[Take me out to the ball game]
14. Tenpins Same as Ten-strike.
Strike block Carp., a plane shorter than a jointer, used for fitting a short joint. --Moxon.
Strike of flax, a handful that may be hackled at once. [Obs. or Prov. Eng.] --Chaucer.
Strike of sugar. Sugar Making (a) The act of emptying the teache, or last boiler, in which the cane juice is exposed to heat, into the coolers. (b) The quantity of the sirup thus emptied at once.
n 1: a group's refusal to work in protest against low pay or bad
work conditions; "the strike lasted more than a month
before it was settled" [syn: work stoppage]
2: an attack that is intended to seize or inflict damage on or
destroy an objective; "the strike was scheduled to begin
3: a pitch that is in the strike zone and that the batter does
not hit; "this pitcher throws more strikes than balls"
4: a gentle blow [syn: rap, tap]
5: a score in tenpins: knocking down all ten with the first
ball; "he finished with three strikes in the tenth frame"
6: a conspicuous success; "that song was his first hit and
marked the beginning of his career"; "that new Broadway
show is a real smasher"; "the party went with a bang"
[syn: hit, smash, smasher, bang]
v 1: hit against; come into sudden contact with; "The car hit a
tree"; "He struck the table with his elbow" [syn: hit,
impinge on, run into, collide with] [ant: miss]
2: deliver a sharp blow, as with the hand, fist, or weapon;
"The teacher struck the child"; "the opponent refused to
strike"; "The boxer struck the attacker dead"
3: have an emotional or cognitive impact upon; "This child
impressed me as unusually mature"; "This behavior struck
me as odd" [syn: affect, impress, move]
4: make a strategic, offensive, assault against an enemy,
opponent, or a target; "The Germans struck Poland on Sept.
1, 1939"; "We must strike the enemy's oil fields"; "in the
fifth inning, the Giants struck, sending three runners
home to win the game 5 to 2" [syn: hit]
5: indicate (a certain time) by striking; "The clock struck
midnight"; "Just when I entered, the clock struck"
6: affect or afflict suddenly, usually adversely; "We were hit
by really bad weather"; "He was stricken with cancer when
he was still a teenager"; "The earthquake struck at
midnight" [syn: hit]
7: stop work in order to press demands; "The auto workers are
striking for higher wages"; "The employees walked out when
their demand for better benefits was not met" [syn: walk
8: touch or seem as if touching visually or audibly; "Light
fell on her face"; "The sun shone on the fields"; "The
light struck the golden necklace"; "A strange sound struck
my ears" [syn: fall, shine]
9: attain; "The horse finally struck a pace" [syn: come to]
10: produce by manipulating keys or strings of musical
instruments, also metaphorically; "The pianist strikes a
middle C"; "strike `z' on the keyboard"; "her comments
struck a sour note" [syn: hit]
11: cause to form between electrodes of an arc lamp; "strike an
12: find unexpectedly; "the archeologists chanced upon an old
tomb"; "she struck a goldmine"; "The hikers finally
struck the main path to the lake" [syn: fall upon, come
upon, light upon, chance upon, come across, chance
on, happen upon, attain, discover]
13: produce by ignition or a blow; "strike fire from the
flintstone"; "strike a match"
14: remove by erasing or crossing out; "Please strike this
remark from the record" [syn: expunge, excise]
15: cause to experience suddenly; "Panic struck me"; "An
interesting idea hit her"; "A thought came to me"; "The
thought struck terror in our minds"; "They were struck
with fear" [syn: hit, come to]
16: drive something violently into a location; "he hit his fist
on the table"; "she struck her head on the low ceiling"
17: occupy or take on; "He assumes the lotus position"; "She
took her seat on the stage"; "We took our seats in the
orchestra"; "She took up her position behind the tree";
"strike a pose" [syn: assume, take, take up]
18: form by stamping, punching, or printing; "strike coins";
"strike a medal" [syn: mint, coin]
19: smooth with a strickle; "strickle the grain in the measure"
20: pierce with force; "The bullet struck her thigh"; "The icy
wind struck through our coats"
21: arrive at after reckoning, deliberating, and weighing;
"strike a balance"; "strike a bargain"