beat /ˈbɪt/ 不及物動詞
拍; 跳動; 取字時間
Beat v. t. [imp. Beat; p. p. Beat, Beaten p. pr. & vb. n. Beating.]
1. To strike repeatedly; to lay repeated blows upon; as, to beat one's breast; to beat iron so as to shape it; to beat grain, in order to force out the seeds; to beat eggs and sugar; to beat a drum.
Thou shalt beat some of it [spices] very small. --Ex. xxx. 36.
They did beat the gold into thin plates. --Ex. xxxix. 3.
2. To punish by blows; to thrash.
3. To scour or range over in hunting, accompanied with the noise made by striking bushes, etc., for the purpose of rousing game.
To beat the woods, and rouse the bounding prey. --Prior.
4. To dash against, or strike, as with water or wind.
A frozen continent . . . beat with perpetual storms. --Milton.
5. To tread, as a path.
Pass awful gulfs, and beat my painful way. --Blackmore.
6. To overcome in a battle, contest, strife, race, game, etc.; to vanquish, defeat, or conquer; to surpass or be superior to.
He beat them in a bloody battle. --Prescott.
For loveliness, it would be hard to beat that. --M. Arnold.
7. To cheat; to chouse; to swindle; to defraud; -- often with out. [Colloq.]
8. To exercise severely; to perplex; to trouble.
Why should any one . . . beat his head about the Latin grammar who does not intend to be a critic? --Locke.
9. Mil. To give the signal for, by beat of drum; to sound by beat of drum; as, to beat an alarm, a charge, a parley, a retreat; to beat the general, the reveille, the tattoo. See Alarm, Charge, Parley, etc.
10. to baffle or stump; to defy the comprehension of (a person); as, it beats me why he would do that.
11. to evade, avoid, or escape (blame, taxes, punishment); as, to beat the rap (be acquitted); to beat the sales tax by buying out of state.
To beat down, to haggle with (any one) to secure a lower price; to force down. [Colloq.]
To beat into, to teach or instill, by repetition.
To beat off, to repel or drive back.
To beat out, to extend by hammering.
To beat out of a thing, to cause to relinquish it, or give it up. “Nor can anything beat their posterity out of it to this day.” --South.
To beat the dust. Man. (a) To take in too little ground with the fore legs, as a horse. (b) To perform curvets too precipitately or too low.
To beat the hoof, to walk; to go on foot.
To beat the wing, to flutter; to move with fluttering agitation.
To beat time, to measure or regulate time in music by the motion of the hand or foot.
To beat up, to attack suddenly; to alarm or disturb; as, to beat up an enemy's quarters.
Syn: -- To strike; pound; bang; buffet; maul; drub; thump; baste; thwack; thrash; pommel; cudgel; belabor; conquer; defeat; vanquish; overcome.
Beat, v. i.
1. To strike repeatedly; to inflict repeated blows; to knock vigorously or loudly.
The men of the city . . . beat at the door. --Judges. xix. 22.
2. To move with pulsation or throbbing.
A thousand hearts beat happily. --Byron.
3. To come or act with violence; to dash or fall with force; to strike anything, as rain, wind, and waves do.
Sees rolling tempests vainly beat below. --Dryden.
They [winds] beat at the crazy casement. --Longfellow.
The sun beat upon the head of Jonah, that he fainted, and wished in himself to die. --Jonah iv. 8.
Public envy seemeth to beat chiefly upon ministers. --Bacon.
4. To be in agitation or doubt. [Poetic]
To still my beating mind. --Shak.
5. Naut. To make progress against the wind, by sailing in a zigzag line or traverse.
6. To make a sound when struck; as, the drums beat.
7. Mil. To make a succession of strokes on a drum; as, the drummers beat to call soldiers to their quarters.
8. Acoustics & Mus. To sound with more or less rapid alternations of greater and less intensity, so as to produce a pulsating effect; -- said of instruments, tones, or vibrations, not perfectly in unison.
A beating wind Naut., a wind which necessitates tacking in order to make progress.
To beat about, to try to find; to search by various means or ways. --Addison.
To beat about the bush, to approach a subject circuitously.
To beat up and down Hunting, to run first one way and then another; -- said of a stag.
To beat up for recruits, to go diligently about in order to get helpers or participators in an enterprise.
To beat the rap, to be acquitted of an accusation; -- especially, by some sly or deceptive means, rather than to be proven innocent.
1. A stroke; a blow.
He, with a careless beat,
Struck out the mute creation at a heat. --Dryden.
2. A recurring stroke; a throb; a pulsation; as, a beat of the heart; the beat of the pulse.
3. Mus. (a) The rise or fall of the hand or foot, marking the divisions of time; a division of the measure so marked. In the rhythm of music the beat is the unit. (b) A transient grace note, struck immediately before the one it is intended to ornament.
4. Acoustics & Mus. A sudden swelling or reënforcement of a sound, recurring at regular intervals, and produced by the interference of sound waves of slightly different periods of vibrations; applied also, by analogy, to other kinds of wave motions; the pulsation or throbbing produced by the vibrating together of two tones not quite in unison. See Beat, v. i., 8.
5. A round or course which is frequently gone over; as, a watchman's beat; analogously, for newspaper reporters, the subject or territory that they are assigned to cover; as, the Washington beat.
6. A place of habitual or frequent resort.
7. A cheat or swindler of the lowest grade; -- often emphasized by dead; as, a dead beat; also, deadbeat. [Low]
Beat of drum Mil., a succession of strokes varied, in different ways, for particular purposes, as to regulate a march, to call soldiers to their arms or quarters, to direct an attack, or retreat, etc.
Beat of a watch, or Beat of a clock, the stroke or sound made by the action of the escapement. A clock is in beat or out of beat, according as the stroke is at equal or unequal intervals.
Beat, a. Weary; tired; fatigued; exhausted. [Colloq.]
Quite beat, and very much vexed and disappointed. --Dickens.
1. One that beats, or surpasses, another or others; as, the beat of him. [Colloq.]
2. The act of one that beats a person or thing; as: (a) Newspaper Cant The act of obtaining and publishing a piece of news by a newspaper before its competitors; also, the news itself; -- also called a scoop or exclusive.
It's a beat on the whole country. --Scribner's Mag.
(b) Hunting The act of scouring, or ranging over, a tract of land to rouse or drive out game; also, those so engaged, collectively. “Driven out in the course of a beat.”
Bears coming out of holes in the rocks at the last moment, when the beat is close to them. --Encyc. of Sport.
(c) Fencing A smart tap on the adversary's blade.
adj : very tired; "was all in at the end of the day"; "so beat I
could flop down and go to sleep anywhere"; "bushed
after all that exercise"; "I'm dead after that long
trip" [syn: all in(p), beat(p), bushed(p), dead(p)]
n 1: a regular route for a sentry or policeman; "in the old days
a policeman walked a beat and knew all his people by
name" [syn: round]
2: the rhythmic contraction and expansion of the arteries with
each beat of the heart; "he could feel the beat of her
heart" [syn: pulse, pulsation, heartbeat]
3: the basic rhythmic unit in a piece of music; "the piece has
a fast rhythm"; "the conductor set the beat" [syn: rhythm,
4: a single pulsation of an oscillation produced by adding two
waves of different frequencies; has a frequency equal to
the difference between the two oscillations
5: a member of the beat generation; a nonconformist in dress
and behavior [syn: beatnik]
6: the sound of stroke or blow; "he heard the beat of a drum"
7: (prosody) the accent in a metrical foot of verse [syn: meter,
metre, measure, cadence]
8: a regular rate of repetition; "the cox raised the beat"
9: a stroke or blow; "the signal was two beats on the steam
10: the act of beating to windward; sailing as close as possible
to the direction from which the wind is blowing
v 1: come out better in a competition, race, or conflict; "Agassi
beat Becker in the tennis championship"; "We beat the
competition"; "Harvard defeated Yale in the last
football game" [syn: beat out, crush, shell, trounce,
2: give a beating to; subject to a beating, either as a
punishment or as an act of aggression; "Thugs beat him up
when he walked down the street late at night"; "The
teacher used to beat the students" [syn: beat up, work
3: hit repeatedly; "beat on the door"; "beat the table with his
4: move rhythmically; "Her heart was beating fast" [syn: pound,
5: shape by beating; "beat swords into ploughshares"
6: make a rhythmic sound; "Rain drummed against the
windshield"; "The drums beat all night" [syn: drum, thrum]
7: glare or strike with great intensity; "The sun was beating
down on us"
8: move with a thrashing motion; "The bird flapped its wings";
"The eagle beat its wings and soared high into the sky"
9: sail with much tacking or with difficulty; "The boat beat in
the strong wind"
10: stir vigorously; "beat the egg whites"; "beat the cream"
11: strike (a part of one's own body) repeatedly, as in great
emotion or in accompaniment to music; "beat one's
breast"; "beat one's foot rhythmically"
12: be superior; "Reading beats watching television"; "This sure
13: avoid paying; "beat the subway fare" [syn: bunk]
14: make a sound like a clock or a timer; "the clocks were
ticking"; "the grandfather clock beat midnight" [syn: tick,
15: move with a flapping motion; "The bird's wings were
flapping" [syn: flap]
16: indicate by beating, as with the fingers or drumsticks;
"Beat the rhythm"
17: move with or as if with a regular alternating motion; "the
city pulsated with music and excitement" [syn: pulsate,
18: make by pounding or trampling; "beat a path through the
19: produce a rhythm by striking repeatedly; "beat the drum"
20: strike (water or bushes) repeatedly to rouse animals for
21: beat through cleverness and wit; "I beat the traffic"; "She
outfoxed her competitors" [syn: outwit, overreach, outsmart,
22: be a mystery or bewildering to; "This beats me!"; "Got me--I
don't know the answer!"; "a vexing problem"; "This
question really stuck me" [syn: perplex, vex, stick,
get, puzzle, mystify, baffle, pose, bewilder,
flummox, stupefy, nonplus, gravel, amaze, dumbfound]
23: wear out completely; "This kind of work exhausts me"; "I'm
beat"; "He was all washed up after the exam" [syn: exhaust,
wash up, tucker, tucker out]