ex·tend /ɪkˈstɛnd/ 及物動詞
Ex·tend v. t. [imp. & p. p. Extended; p. pr. & vb. n. Extending.]
1. To stretch out; to prolong in space; to carry forward or continue in length; as, to extend a line in surveying; to extend a cord across the street.
Few extend their thoughts toward universal knowledge. --Locke.
2. To enlarge, as a surface or volume; to expand; to spread; to amplify; as, to extend metal plates by hammering or rolling them.
3. To enlarge; to widen; to carry out further; as, to extend the capacities, the sphere of usefulness, or commerce; to extend power or influence; to continue, as time; to lengthen; to prolong; as, to extend the time of payment or a season of trial.
4. To hold out or reach forth, as the arm or hand.
His helpless hand extend. --Dryden.
5. To bestow; to offer; to impart; to apply; as, to extend sympathy to the suffering.
6. To increase in quantity by weakening or adulterating additions; as, to extend liquors.
7. Eng. Law To value, as lands taken by a writ of extent in satisfaction of a debt; to assign by writ of extent.
Extended letter Typog., a letter, or style of type, having a broader face than is usual for a letter or type of the same height.
Syn: -- To increase; enlarge; expand; widen; diffuse. See Increase.
v 1: extend in scope or range or area; "The law was extended to
all citizens"; "widen the range of applications";
"broaden your horizon"; "Extend your backyard" [syn: widen,
2: stretch out over a distance, space, time, or scope; run or
extend between two points or beyond a certain point;
"Service runs all the way to Cranbury"; "His knowledge
doesn't go very far"; "My memory extends back to my fourth
year of life"; "The facts extend beyond a consideration of
her personal assets" [syn: run, go, pass, lead]
3: span an interval of distance, space or time; "The war
extended over five years"; "The period covered the turn of
the century"; "My land extends over the hills on the
horizon"; "This farm covers some 200 acres" [syn: cover]
4: make available; provide; "extend a loan"; "The bank offers a
good deal on new mortgages" [syn: offer]
5: thrust or extend out; "He held out his hand"; "point a
finger"; "extend a hand"; "the bee exserted its sting"
[syn: exsert, stretch out, put out, hold out, stretch
6: reach outward in space; "The awning extends several feet
over the sidewalk" [syn: poke out, reach out]
7: offer verbally; "extend my greetings"; "He offered his
sympathy" [syn: offer]
8: extend one's limbs or muscles, or the entire body; "Stretch
your legs!"; "Extend your right arm above your head" [syn:
9: expand the influence of; "The King extended his rule to the
Eastern part of the continent" [syn: expand]
10: lengthen in time; cause to be or last longer; "We prolonged
our stay"; "She extended her visit by another day"; "The
meeting was drawn out until midnight" [syn: prolong, protract,
11: extend or stretch out to a greater or the full length;
"Unfold the newspaper"; "stretch out that piece of
cloth"; "extend the TV antenna" [syn: unfold, stretch,
12: cause to move at full gallop; "Did you gallop the horse just
now?" [syn: gallop]
13: open or straighten out; unbend; "Can we extend the legs of
this dining table?"
14: use to the utmost; exert vigorously or to full capacity; "He
really extended himself when he climbed Kilimanjaro";
"Don't strain your mind too much" [syn: strain]
15: prolong the time allowed for payment of; "extend the loan"
16: continue or extend; "The civil war carried into the
neighboring province"; "The disease extended into the
remote mountain provinces" [syn: carry]
17: increase in quantity or bulk by adding a cheaper substance;
"stretch the soup by adding some more cream"; "extend the
casserole with a little rice" [syn: stretch]