pass /ˈpæs/ 及物動詞
通 遍 傳遞
Pass v. i. [imp. & p. p. Passed p. pr. & vb. n. Passing.]
1. To go; to move; to proceed; to be moved or transferred from one point to another; to make a transit; -- usually with a following adverb or adverbal phrase defining the kind or manner of motion; as, to pass on, by, out, in, etc.; to pass swiftly, directly, smoothly, etc.; to pass to the rear, under the yoke, over the bridge, across the field, beyond the border, etc. “But now pass over [i. e., pass on].”
On high behests his angels to and fro
Passed frequent. --Milton.
Sweet sounds rose slowly through their mouths,
And from their bodies passed. --Coleridge.
2. To move or be transferred from one state or condition to another; to change possession, condition, or circumstances; to undergo transition; as, the business has passed into other hands.
Others, dissatisfied with what they have, . . . pass from just to unjust. --Sir W. Temple.
3. To move beyond the range of the senses or of knowledge; to pass away; hence, to disappear; to vanish; to depart; specifically, to depart from life; to die.
Disturb him not, let him pass paceably. --Shak.
Beauty is a charm, but soon the charm will pass. --Dryden.
The passing of the sweetest soul
That ever looked with human eyes. --Tennyson.
4. To move or to come into being or under notice; to come and go in consciousness; hence, to take place; to occur; to happen; to come; to occur progressively or in succession; to be present transitorily.
So death passed upon all men. --Rom. v. 12.
Our own consciousness of what passes within our own mind. --I. Watts.
5. To go by or glide by, as time; to elapse; to be spent; as, their vacation passed pleasantly.
Now the time is far passed. --Mark vi. 35
6. To go from one person to another; hence, to be given and taken freely; as, clipped coin will not pass; to obtain general acceptance; to be held or regarded; to circulate; to be current; -- followed by for before a word denoting value or estimation. “Let him pass for a man.”
False eloquence passeth only where true is not understood. --Felton.
This will not pass for a fault in him. --Atterbury.
7. To advance through all the steps or stages necessary to validity or effectiveness; to be carried through a body that has power to sanction or reject; to receive legislative sanction; to be enacted; as, the resolution passed; the bill passed both houses of Congress.
8. To go through any inspection or test successfully; to be approved or accepted; as, he attempted the examination, but did not expect to pass.
9. To be suffered to go on; to be tolerated; hence, to continue; to live along. “The play may pass.”
10. To go unheeded or neglected; to proceed without hindrance or opposition; as, we let this act pass.
11. To go beyond bounds; to surpass; to be in excess. [Obs.] “This passes, Master Ford.”
12. To take heed; to care. [Obs.]
As for these silken-coated slaves, I pass not. --Shak.
13. To go through the intestines.
14. Law To be conveyed or transferred by will, deed, or other instrument of conveyance; as, an estate passes by a certain clause in a deed.
15. Fencing To make a lunge or pass; to thrust.
16. Card Playing To decline to play in one's turn; in euchre, to decline to make the trump.
She would not play, yet must not pass. --Prior.
To bring to pass, To come to pass. See under Bring, and Come.
To pass away, to disappear; to die; to vanish. “The heavens shall pass away.” --2 Pet. iii. 10. “I thought to pass away before, but yet alive I am.” --Tennyson.
To pass by, to go near and beyond a certain person or place; as, he passed by as we stood there.
To pass into, to change by a gradual transmission; to blend or unite with.
To pass on, to proceed.
To pass on or To pass upon. (a) To happen to; to come upon; to affect. “So death passed upon all men.” --Rom. v. 12. “Provided no indirect act pass upon our prayers to define them.” --Jer. Taylor. (b) To determine concerning; to give judgment or sentence upon. “We may not pass upon his life.” --Shak.
To pass off, to go away; to cease; to disappear; as, an agitation passes off.
To pass over, to go from one side or end to the other; to cross, as a river, road, or bridge.
Pass v. t.
1. In simple, transitive senses; as: (a) To go by, beyond, over, through, or the like; to proceed from one side to the other of; as, to pass a house, a stream, a boundary, etc. (b) Hence: To go from one limit to the other of; to spend; to live through; to have experience of; to undergo; to suffer. “To pass commodiously this life.”
She loved me for the dangers I had passed. --Shak.
(c) To go by without noticing; to omit attention to; to take no note of; to disregard.
Please you that I may pass This doing. --Shak.
I pass their warlike pomp, their proud array. --Dryden.
(d) To transcend; to surpass; to excel; to exceed.
And strive to pass . . .
Their native music by her skillful art. --Spenser.
Whose tender power
Passes the strength of storms in their most desolate hour. --Byron.
(e) To go successfully through, as an examination, trail, test, etc.; to obtain the formal sanction of, as a legislative body; as, he passed his examination; the bill passed the senate.
2. In causative senses: as: (a) To cause to move or go; to send; to transfer from one person, place, or condition to another; to transmit; to deliver; to hand; to make over; as, the waiter passed bisquit and cheese; the torch was passed from hand to hand.
I had only time to pass my eye over the medals. --Addison.
Waller passed over five thousand horse and foot by Newbridge. --Clarendon.
(b) To cause to pass the lips; to utter; to pronounce; hence, to promise; to pledge; as, to pass sentence.
Father, thy word is passed. --Milton.
(c) To cause to advance by stages of progress; to carry on with success through an ordeal, examination, or action; specifically, to give legal or official sanction to; to ratify; to enact; to approve as valid and just; as, he passed the bill through the committee; the senate passed the law. (e) To put in circulation; to give currency to; as, to pass counterfeit money. “Pass the happy news.” --Tennyson. (f) To cause to obtain entrance, admission, or conveyance; as, to pass a person into a theater, or over a railroad.
3. To emit from the bowels; to evacuate.
4. Naut. To take a turn with (a line, gasket, etc.), as around a sail in furling, and make secure.
5. Fencing To make, as a thrust, punto, etc.
Passed midshipman. See under Midshipman.
To pass a dividend, to omit the declaration and payment of a dividend at the time when due.
To pass away, to spend; to waste. “Lest she pass away the flower of her age.” --Ecclus. xlii. 9.
To pass by. (a) To disregard; to neglect. (b) To excuse; to spare; to overlook.
To pass off, to impose fraudulently; to palm off. “Passed himself off as a bishop.” --Macaulay.
To pass (something) on (some one) or To pass (something) upon (some one), to put upon as a trick or cheat; to palm off. “She passed the child on her husband for a boy.” --Dryden.
To pass over, to overlook; not to note or resent; as, to pass over an affront.
1. An opening, road, or track, available for passing; especially, one through or over some dangerous or otherwise impracticable barrier; a passageway; a defile; a ford; as, a mountain pass.
=\“Try not the pass!” the old man said.\= --Longfellow.
2. Fencing A thrust or push; an attempt to stab or strike an adversary.
3. A movement of the hand over or along anything; the manipulation of a mesmerist.
4. Rolling Metals A single passage of a bar, rail, sheet, etc., between the rolls.
5. State of things; condition; predicament.
Have his daughters brought him to this pass. --Shak.
Matters have been brought to this pass. --South.
6. Permission or license to pass, or to go and come; a psssport; a ticket permitting free transit or admission; as, a railroad or theater pass; a military pass.
A ship sailing under the flag and pass of an enemy. --Kent.
7. Fig.: a thrust; a sally of wit.
8. Estimation; character. [Obs.]
Common speech gives him a worthy pass. --Shak.
9. A part; a division. [Obs.]
10. Sports In football, hockey, and other team sports, a transfer of the ball, puck, etc., to another player of one's own team, usually at some distance. In American football, the pass is through the air by an act of throwing the ball.
Pass boat Naut., a punt, or similar boat.
Pass book. (a) A book in which a trader enters articles bought on credit, and then passes or sends it to the purchaser. (b) See Bank book.
Pass box Mil., a wooden or metallic box, used to carry cartridges from the service magazine to the piece.
Pass check, a ticket of admission to a place of entertainment, or of readmission for one who goes away in expectation of returning.
adj : of advancing the ball by throwing it; "a team with a good
passing attack"; "a pass play" [syn: passing(a), pass(a)]
n 1: (baseball) an advance to first base by a batter who receives
four balls; "he worked the pitcher for a base on balls"
[syn: base on balls, walk]
2: (military) a written leave of absence; "he had a pass for
3: (American football) a play that involves one player throwing
the ball to a teammate; "the coach sent in a passing play
on third and long" [syn: passing play, passing game, passing]
4: the location in a range of mountains of a geological
formation that is lower than the surrounding peaks; "we
got through the pass before it started to snow" [syn: mountain
5: any authorization to pass or go somewhere; "the pass to
visit had a strict time limit" [syn: passport]
6: a document indicating permission to do something without
restrictions; "the media representatives had special
passes" [syn: laissez passer]
7: a flight or run by an aircraft over a target; "the plane
turned to make a second pass"
8: a bad or difficult situation or state of affairs [syn: strait,
9: a difficult juncture; "a pretty pass"; "matters came to a
head yesterday" [syn: head, straits]
10: one complete cycle of operations (as by a computer); "it was
not possible to complete the computation in a single
11: you advance to the next round in a tournament without
playing an opponent; "he had a bye in the first round"
12: a permit to enter or leave a military installation; "he had
to show his pass in order to get out" [syn: liberty chit]
13: a complementary (free) ticket; "the start got passes for his
14: a usually brief attempt; "he took a crack at it"; "I gave it
a whirl" [syn: crack, fling, go, whirl, offer]
15: (sports) the act of throwing the ball to another member of
your team; "the pass was fumbled" [syn: toss, flip]
16: success in satisfying a test or requirement; "his future
depended on his passing that test"; "he got a pass in
introductory chemistry" [syn: passing, qualifying]
v 1: go across or through; "We passed the point where the police
car had parked"; "A terrible thought went through his
mind" [syn: go through, go across]
2: pass by; "A black limousine passed by when she looked out
the window"; "He passed his professor in the hall"; "One
line of soldiers surpassed the other" [syn: travel by, pass
by, surpass, go past, go by]
3: make laws, bills, etc. or bring into effect by legislation;
"They passed the amendment"; "We cannot legislate how
people's spend their free time" [syn: legislate]
4: pass by; "three years elapsed" [syn: elapse, lapse, slip
by, glide by, slip away, go by, slide by, go
5: place into the hands or custody of; "hand me the spoon,
please"; "Turn the files over to me, please"; "He turned
over the prisoner to his lawyers" [syn: hand, reach, pass
on, turn over, give]
6: stretch out over a distance, space, time, or scope; run or
extend between two points or beyond a certain point;
"Service runs all the way to Cranbury"; "His knowledge
doesn't go very far"; "My memory extends back to my fourth
year of life"; "The facts extend beyond a consideration of
her personal assets" [syn: run, go, lead, extend]
7: travel past; "The sports car passed all the trucks" [syn: overtake,
8: come to pass; "What is happening?"; "The meeting took place
off without an incidence"; "Nothing occurred that seemed
important" [syn: happen, hap, go on, pass off, occur,
fall out, come about, take place]
9: go unchallenged; be approved; "The bill cleared the House"
10: pass (time) in a specific way; "How are you spending your
summer vacation?" [syn: spend]
11: guide or pass over something; "He ran his eyes over her
body"; "She ran her fingers along the carved figurine";
"He drew her hair through his fingers" [syn: guide, run,
12: transmit information ; "Please communicate this message to
all employees" [syn: communicate, pass on, put
13: disappear gradually; "The pain eventually passed off" [syn:
evanesce, fade, blow over, pass off, fleet]
14: go successfully through a test or a selection process; "She
passed the new Jersey Bar Exam and can practice law now"
[syn: make it] [ant: fail]
15: go beyond; "She exceeded our expectations"; "She topped her
performance of last year" [syn: exceed, transcend, overstep,
go past, top]
16: accept or judge as acceptable; "The teacher passed the
student although he was weak" [ant: fail]
17: allow to go without comment or censure; "the insult passed
as if unnoticed"
18: transfer to another; of rights or property; "Our house
passed under his official control"
19: pass into a specified state or condition; "He sank into
Nirvana" [syn: sink, lapse]
20: be identified, regarded, accepted, or mistaken for someone
or something else; as by denying one's own ancestry or
background; "He could pass as his twin brother"; "She
passed as a White woman even though her grandfather was
21: throw (a ball) to another player; "Smith passed"
22: be inherited by; "The estate fell to my sister"; "The land
returned to the family"; "The estate devolved to an heir
that everybody had assumed to be dead" [syn: fall, return,
23: cause to pass; "She passed around the plates" [syn: make
24: grant authorization or clearance for; "Clear the manuscript
for publication"; "The rock star never authorized this
slanderous biography" [syn: authorize, authorise, clear]
25: pass from physical life and lose all all bodily attributes
and functions necessary to sustain life; "She died from
cancer"; "They children perished in the fire"; "The
patient went peacefully" [syn: die, decease, perish,
go, exit, pass away, expire] [ant: be born]
26: eliminate from the body; "Pass a kidney stone" [syn: excrete,