spare /ˈspær, ˈspɛr/
Spare v. t. [imp. & p. p. Spared p. pr. & vb. n. Sparing.]
1. To use frugally or stintingly, as that which is scarce or valuable; to retain or keep unused; to save. “No cost would he spare.”
[Thou] thy Father's dreadful thunder didst not spare. --Milton.
He that hath knowledge, spareth his words. --Prov. xvii. 27.
2. To keep to one's self; to forbear to impart or give.
Be pleased your plitics to spare. --Dryden.
Spare my sight the pain
Of seeing what a world of tears it costs you. --Dryden.
3. To preserve from danger or punishment; to forbear to punish, injure, or harm; to show mercy to.
Spare us, good Lord. --Book of Common Prayer.
Dim sadness did not spare
That time celestial visages. --Milton.
Man alone can whom he conquers spare. --Waller.
4. To save or gain, as by frugality; to reserve, as from some occupation, use, or duty.
All the time he could spare from the necessary cares of his weighty charge, he ░estowed on . . . serving of God. --Knolles.
5. To deprive one's self of, as by being frugal; to do without; to dispense with; to give up; to part with.
Where angry Jove did never spare
One breath of kind and temperate air. --Roscommon.
I could have better spared a better man. --Shak.
To spare one's self. (a) To act with reserve. [Obs.]
Her thought that a lady should her spare. --Chaucer.
(b) To save one's self labor, punishment, or blame.
Spare v. i.
1. To be frugal; not to be profuse; to live frugally; to be parsimonious.
I, who at some times spend, at others spare,
Divided between carelessness and care. --Pope.
2. To refrain from inflicting harm; to use mercy or forbearance.
He will not spare in the day of vengeance. --Prov. vi. 34.
3. To desist; to stop; to refrain. [Obs.]
Spare, a. [Compar. Sparer superl. Sparest; -- not used in all the senses of the word.]
1. Scanty; not abundant or plentiful; as, a spare diet.
2. Sparing; frugal; parsimonious; chary.
He was spare, but discreet of speech. --Carew.
3. Being over and above what is necessary, or what must be used or reserved; not wanted, or not used; superfluous; as, I have no spare time.
If that no spare clothes he had to give. --Spenser.
4. Held in reserve, to be used in an emergency; as, a spare anchor; a spare bed or room.
5. Lean; wanting flesh; meager; thin; gaunt.
O, give me the spare men, and spare me the great ones. --Shak.
6. Slow. [Obs. or prov. Eng.]
1. The act of sparing; moderation; restraint. [Obs.]
Killing for sacrifice, without any spare. --Holland.
2. Parsimony; frugal use. [Obs.]
Poured out their plenty without spite or spare. --Spenser.
3. An opening in a petticoat or gown; a placket. [Obs.]
4. That which has not been used or expended.
5. Tenpins The right of bowling again at a full set of pins, after having knocked all the pins down in less than three bowls. If all the pins are knocked down in one bowl it is a double spare; in two bowls, a single spare. For the meaning in modern bowling, see sense 6.
adj 1: thin and fit; "the spare figure of a marathon runner"; "a
body kept trim by exercise" [syn: trim]
2: more than is needed, desired, or required; "trying to lose
excess weight"; "found some extra change lying on the
dresser"; "yet another book on heraldry might be thought
redundant"; "skills made redundant by technological
advance"; "sleeping in the spare room"; "supernumerary
ornamentation"; "it was supererogatory of her to gloat";
"delete superfluous (or unnecessary) words"; "extra ribs
as well as other supernumerary internal parts"; "surplus
cheese distributed to the needy" [syn: excess, extra,
redundant, supererogatory, superfluous, supernumerary,
3: just sufficient; "the library had a spare but efficient
4: not taken up by scheduled activities; "a free hour between
classes"; "spare time on my hands" [syn: free]
5: kept in reserve especially for emergency use; "a reserve
supply of food"; "a spare tire"; "spare parts" [syn: reserve(a)]
6: lacking in amplitude or quantity; "a bare livelihood"; "a
scanty harvest"; "a spare diet" [syn: bare(a), scanty]
n 1: an extra component of a machine or other apparatus [syn: spare
2: an extra car wheel and tire for a four-wheel vehicle [syn: fifth
3: a score in tenpins; knocking down all ten after rolling two
v 1: refrain from harming [syn: save]
2: save or relieve from an experience or action; "I'll spare
you from having to apologize formally"
3: give up what is not strictly needed; "he asked if they could
spare one of their horses to speed his journey" [syn: give
up, part with, dispense with]
4: use frugally or carefully