re·tain /rɪˈten/ 及物動詞
Re·tain v. t. [imp. & p. p. Retained p. pr. & vb. n. Retaining.]
1. To continue to hold; to keep in possession; not to lose, part with, or dismiss; to restrain from departure, escape, or the like. “Thy shape invisible retain.”
Be obedient, and retain
Unalterably firm his love entire. --Milton.
An executor may retain a debt due to him from the testator. --Blackstone.
2. To keep in pay; to employ by a preliminary fee paid; to hire; to engage; as, to retain a counselor.
A Benedictine convent has now retained the most learned father of their order to write in its defense. --Addison.
3. To restrain; to prevent. [Obs.]
Retaining wall Arch. & Engin., a wall built to keep any movable backing, or a bank of sand or earth, in its place; -- called also retain wall.
Syn: -- To keep; hold; restrain. See Keep.
Re·tain, v. i.
1. To belong; to pertain. [Obs.]
A somewhat languid relish, retaining to bitterness. --Boyle.
2. To keep; to continue; to remain. [Obs.]
v 1: hold within; "This soil retains water"; "I retain this drug
for a long time"
2: allow to remain in a place or position; "We cannot continue
several servants any longer"; "She retains a lawyer"; "The
family's fortune waned and they could not keep their
household staff"; "Our grant has run out and we cannot
keep you on"; "We kept the work going as long as we could"
[syn: continue, keep, keep on, keep going]
3: secure and keep for possible future use or application; "The
landlord retained the security deposit"; "I reserve the
right to disagree" [syn: hold, keep back, hold back]
4: keep in one's mind; "I cannot retain so much information"