staff /ˈstæf/ 名詞
Staff n.; pl. Staves or Staffs in senses 1-9, Staffs in senses 10, 11.
1. A long piece of wood; a stick; the long handle of an instrument or weapon; a pole or stick, used for many purposes; as, a surveyor's staff; the staff of a spear or pike.
And he put the staves into the rings on the sides of the altar to bear it withal. --Ex. xxxviii. 7.
With forks and staves the felon to pursue. --Dryden.
2. A stick carried in the hand for support or defense by a person walking; hence, a support; that which props or upholds. “Hooked staves.”
The boy was the very staff of my age. --Shak.
He spoke of it [beer] in =\“The Earnest Cry,” and likewise in the “Scotch Drink,” as one of the staffs of life which had been struck from the poor man's hand.\= --Prof. Wilson.
3. A pole, stick, or wand borne as an ensign of authority; a badge of office; as, a constable's staff.
Methought this staff, mine office badge in court,
Was broke in twain. --Shak.
All his officers brake their staves; but at their return new staves were delivered unto them. --Hayward.
4. A pole upon which a flag is supported and displayed.
5. The round of a ladder. [R.]
I ascended at one [ladder] of six hundred and thirty-nine staves. --Dr. J. Campbell (E. Brown's Travels).
6. A series of verses so disposed that, when it is concluded, the same order begins again; a stanza; a stave.
Cowley found out that no kind of staff is proper for an heroic poem, as being all too lyrical. --Dryden.
7. Mus. The five lines and the spaces on which music is written; -- formerly called stave.
8. Mech. An arbor, as of a wheel or a pinion of a watch.
9. Surg. The grooved director for the gorget, or knife, used in cutting for stone in the bladder.
10. Mil. An establishment of officers in various departments attached to an army, to a section of an army, or to the commander of an army. The general's staff consists of those officers about his person who are employed in carrying his commands into execution. See État Major.
11. Hence: A body of assistants serving to carry into effect the plans of a superintendent or manager; sometimes used for the entire group of employees of an enterprise, excluding the top management; as, the staff of a newspaper.
Jacob's staff Surv., a single straight rod or staff, pointed and iron-shod at the bottom, for penetrating the ground, and having a socket joint at the top, used, instead of a tripod, for supporting a compass.
Staff angle Arch., a square rod of wood standing flush with the wall on each of its sides, at the external angles of plastering, to prevent their being damaged.
The staff of life, bread. “Bread is the staff of life.” --Swift.
Staff tree Bot., any plant of the genus Celastrus, mostly climbing shrubs of the northern hemisphere. The American species (Celastrus scandens) is commonly called bittersweet. See 2d Bittersweet, 3 (b).
To set up one's staff, To put up one's staff, To set down one's staff or To put down one's staff, to take up one's residence; to lodge. [Obs.]
Staff n. Arch. Plaster combined with fibrous and other materials so as to be suitable for sculpture in relief or in the round, or for forming flat plates or boards of considerable size which can be nailed to framework to make the exterior of a larger structure, forming joints which may afterward be repaired and concealed with fresh plaster.
n 1: personnel who assist their superior in carrying out an
assigned task; "the hospital has an excellent nursing
staff"; "the general relied on his staff to make routine
2: the body of teachers and administrators at a school; "the
dean addressed the letter to the entire staff of the
university" [syn: faculty]
3: a strong rod or stick with a specialized utilitarian
purpose; "he walked with the help of a wooden staff"
4: building material consisting of plaster and hair; used to
cover external surfaces of temporary structure (as at an
exposition) or for decoration
5: a rod carried as a symbol
6: (music) the system of five horizontal lines on which the
musical notes are written [syn: stave]
v 1: provide with staff; "This position is not always staffed"
2: serve on the staff of; "The two men staff the reception