rose /ˈroz/ 名詞
Rise v. i. [imp. Rose p. p. Risen p. pr. & vb. n. Rising.]
1. To move from a lower position to a higher; to ascend; to mount up. Specifically: -- (a) To go upward by walking, climbing, flying, or any other voluntary motion; as, a bird rises in the air; a fish rises to the bait.
(b) To ascend or float in a fluid, as gases or vapors in air, cork in water, and the like.
(c) To move upward under the influence of a projecting force; as, a bullet rises in the air.
(d) To grow upward; to attain a certain height; as, this elm rises to the height of seventy feet.
(e) To reach a higher level by increase of quantity or bulk; to swell; as, a river rises in its bed; the mercury rises in the thermometer.
(f) To become erect; to assume an upright position; as, to rise from a chair or from a fall.
(g) To leave one's bed; to arise; as, to rise early.
He that would thrive, must rise by five. --Old Proverb.
(h) To tower up; to be heaved up; as, the Alps rise far above the sea.
(i) To slope upward; as, a path, a line, or surface rises in this direction. “A rising ground.”
(j) To retire; to give up a siege.
He, rising with small honor from Gunza, . . . was gone. --Knolles.
(k) To swell or puff up in the process of fermentation; to become light, as dough, and the like.
2. To have the aspect or the effect of rising. Specifically: --
(a) To appear above the horizont, as the sun, moon, stars, and the like. “He maketh his sun to rise on the evil and the good.”
(b) To become apparent; to emerge into sight; to come forth; to appear; as, an eruption rises on the skin; the land rises to view to one sailing toward the shore.
(c) To become perceptible to other senses than sight; as, a noise rose on the air; odor rises from the flower.
(d) To have a beginning; to proceed; to originate; as, rivers rise in lakes or springs.
A scepter shall rise out of Israel. --Num. xxiv. 17.
Honor and shame from no condition rise. --Pope.
3. To increase in size, force, or value; to proceed toward a climax. Specifically: --
(a) To increase in power or fury; -- said of wind or a storm, and hence, of passion. “High winde . . . began to rise, high passions -- anger, hate.”
(b) To become of higher value; to increase in price.
Bullion is risen to six shillings . . . the ounce. --Locke.
(c) To become larger; to swell; -- said of a boil, tumor, and the like.
(d) To increase in intensity; -- said of heat.
(e) To become louder, or higher in pitch, as the voice.
(f) To increase in amount; to enlarge; as, his expenses rose beyond his expectations.
4. In various figurative senses. Specifically: --
(a) To become excited, opposed, or hostile; to go to war; to take up arms; to rebel.
At our heels all hell should rise
With blackest insurrection. --Milton.
No more shall nation against nation rise. --Pope.
(b) To attain to a better social position; to be promoted; to excel; to succeed.
Some rise by sin, and some by virtue fall. --Shak.
(c) To become more and more dignified or forcible; to increase in interest or power; -- said of style, thought, or discourse; as, to rise in force of expression; to rise in eloquence; a story rises in interest.
(d) To come to mind; to be suggested; to occur.
A thought rose in me, which often perplexes men of contemplative natures. --Spectator.
(e) To come; to offer itself.
There chanced to the prince's hand to rise
An ancient book. --Spenser.
5. To ascend from the grave; to come to life.
But now is Christ risen from the dead. --1. Cor. xv. 20.
6. To terminate an official sitting; to adjourn; as, the committee rose after agreeing to the report.
It was near nine . . . before the House rose. --Macaulay.
7. To ascend on a musical scale; to take a higher pith; as, to rise a tone or semitone.
8. Print. To be lifted, or to admit of being lifted, from the imposing stone without dropping any of the type; -- said of a form.
Syn: -- To arise; mount; ascend; climb; scale.
Usage: -- Rise, Appreciate. Some in America use the word appreciate for “rise in value;” as, stocks appreciate, money appreciates, etc. This use is not unknown in England, but it is less common there. It is undesirable, because rise sufficiently expresses the idea, and appreciate has its own distinctive meaning, which ought not to be confused with one so entirely different.
Rose imp. of Rise.
1. A flower and shrub of any species of the genus Rosa, of which there are many species, mostly found in the morthern hemispere
Note: ☞ Roses are shrubs with pinnate leaves and usually prickly stems. The flowers are large, and in the wild state have five petals of a color varying from deep pink to white, or sometimes yellow. By cultivation and hybridizing the number of petals is greatly increased and the natural perfume enhanced. In this way many distinct classes of roses have been formed, as the Banksia, Baurbon, Boursalt, China, Noisette, hybrid perpetual, etc., with multitudes of varieties in nearly every class.
2. A knot of ribbon formed like a rose; a rose knot; a rosette, esp. one worn on a shoe.
3. Arch. A rose window. See Rose window, below.
4. A perforated nozzle, as of a pipe, spout, etc., for delivering water in fine jets; a rosehead; also, a strainer at the foot of a pump.
5. Med. The erysipelas.
6. The card of the mariner's compass; also, a circular card with radiating lines, used in other instruments.
7. The color of a rose; rose-red; pink.
8. A diamond. See Rose diamond, below.
Cabbage rose, China rose, etc. See under Cabbage, China, etc.
Corn rose Bot. See Corn poppy, under Corn.
Infantile rose Med., a variety of roseola.
Jamaica rose. Bot. See under Jamaica.
Rose acacia Bot., a low American leguminous shrub (Robinia hispida) with handsome clusters of rose-colored blossoms.
Rose aniline. Chem. Same as Rosaniline.
Rose apple Bot., the fruit of the tropical myrtaceous tree Eugenia Jambos. It is an edible berry an inch or more in diameter, and is said to have a very strong roselike perfume.
Rose beetle. Zool. (a) A small yellowish or buff longlegged beetle (Macrodactylus subspinosus), which eats the leaves of various plants, and is often very injurious to rosebushes, apple trees, grapevines, etc. Called also rose bug, and rose chafer. (b) The European chafer.
Rose bug. Zool. same as Rose beetle, Rose chafer.
Rose burner, a kind of gas-burner producing a rose-shaped flame.
Rose camphor Chem., a solid odorless substance which separates from rose oil.
Rose campion. Bot. See under Campion.
Rose catarrh Med., rose cold.
Rose chafer. Zool. (a) A common European beetle (Cetonia aurata) which is often very injurious to rosebushes; -- called also rose beetle, and rose fly. (b) The rose beetle (a).
Rose cold Med., a variety of hay fever, sometimes attributed to the inhalation of the effluvia of roses. See Hay fever, under Hay.
Rose color, the color of a rose; pink; hence, a beautiful hue or appearance; fancied beauty, attractiveness, or promise.
Rose de Pompadour, Rose du Barry, names succesively given to a delicate rose color used on Sèvres porcelain.
Rose diamond, a diamond, one side of which is flat, and the other cut into twenty-four triangular facets in two ranges which form a convex face pointed at the top. Cf. Brilliant, n.
Rose ear. See under Ear.
Rose elder Bot., the Guelder-rose.
Rose engine, a machine, or an appendage to a turning lathe, by which a surface or wood, metal, etc., is engraved with a variety of curved lines. --Craig.
Rose family Bot. the Roseceae. See Rosaceous.
Rose fever Med., rose cold.
Rose fly Zool., a rose betle, or rose chafer.
Rose gall Zool., any gall found on rosebushes. See Bedeguar.
Rose knot, a ribbon, or other pliade band plaited so as to resemble a rose; a rosette.
Rose lake, Rose madder, a rich tint prepared from lac and madder precipitated on an earthy basis. --Fairholt.
Rose mallow. Bot. (a) A name of several malvaceous plants of the genus Hibiscus, with large rose-colored flowers. (b) the hollyhock.
Rose nail, a nail with a convex, faceted head.
Rose noble, an ancient English gold coin, stamped with the figure of a rose, first struck in the reign of Edward III., and current at 6s. 8d. --Sir W. Scott.
Rose of China. Bot. See China rose (b), under China.
Rose of Jericho Bot., a Syrian cruciferous plant (Anastatica Hierochuntica) which rolls up when dry, and expands again when moistened; -- called also resurrection plant.
Rose of Sharon Bot., an ornamental malvaceous shrub (Hibiscus Syriacus). In the Bible the name is used for some flower not yet identified, perhaps a Narcissus, or possibly the great lotus flower.
Rose oil Chem., the yellow essential oil extracted from various species of rose blossoms, and forming the chief part of attar of roses.
Rose pink, a pigment of a rose color, made by dyeing chalk or whiting with a decoction of Brazil wood and alum; also, the color of the pigment.
Rose quartz Min., a variety of quartz which is rose-red.
Rose rash. Med. Same as Roseola.
Rose slug Zool., the small green larva of a black sawfly (Selandria rosae). These larvae feed in groups on the parenchyma of the leaves of rosebushes, and are often abundant and very destructive.
Rose window Arch., a circular window filled with ornamental tracery. Called also Catherine wheel, and marigold window. Cf. wheel window, under Wheel.
Summer rose Med., a variety of roseola. See Roseola.
Under the rose
Wars of the Roses Eng. Hist., feuds between the Houses of York and Lancaster, the white rose being the badge of the House of York, and the red rose of the House of Lancaster.
Rose v. t.
1. To render rose-colored; to redden; to flush. [Poetic] “A maid yet rosed over with the virgin crimson of modesty.”
2. To perfume, as with roses. [Poetic]
adj : having a dusty purplish pink color; "the roseate glow of
dawn" [syn: roseate, rosaceous]
n 1: any of many plants of the genus Rosa
2: pinkish table wine from red grapes whose skins were removed
after fermentation began [syn: blush wine, pink wine,
3: a dusty pink color
n 1: a growth in strength or number or importance [ant: fall]
2: the act of changing location in an upward direction [syn: ascent,
3: an upward slope or grade (as in a road); "the car couldn't
make it up the rise" [syn: ascent, acclivity, raise,
climb, upgrade] [ant: descent]
4: a movement upward; "they cheered the rise of the hot-air
balloon" [syn: rising, ascent, ascension] [ant: fall]
5: the amount a salary is increased; "he got a 3% raise"; "he
got a wage hike" [syn: raise, wage hike, hike, wage
increase, salary increase]
6: the property possessed by a slope or surface that rises
[syn: upgrade, rising slope]
7: a wave that lifts the surface of the water or ground [syn: lift]
8: (theology) the origination of the Holy Spirit at Pentecost;
"the emanation of the Holy Spirit"; "the rising of the
Holy Ghost"; "the doctrine of the procession of the Holy
Spirit from the Father and the Son" [syn: emanation, procession]
9: an increase in cost; "they asked for a 10% rise in rates"
[syn: boost, hike, cost increase]
10: increase in price or value; "the news caused a general
advance on the stock market" [syn: advance]
v 1: move upward; "The fog lifted"; "The smoke arose from the
forest fire"; "The mist uprose from the meadows" [syn: lift,
arise, move up, go up, come up, uprise] [ant:
2: increase in value or to a higher point; "prices climbed
steeply"; "the value of our house rose sharply last year"
[syn: go up, climb]
3: rise to one's feet; "The audience got up and applauded"
[syn: arise, uprise, get up, stand up] [ant: sit
down, lie down]
4: rise up; "The building rose before them" [syn: lift, rear]
5: come to the surface [syn: surface, come up, rise up]
6: become more extreme; "The tension heightened" [syn: heighten]
7: come into existence; take on form or shape; "A new religious
movement originated in that country"; "a love that sprang
up from friendship"; "the idea for the book grew out of a
short story"; "An interesting phenomenon uprose" [syn: originate,
arise, develop, uprise, spring up, grow]
8: be promoted, move to a better position [syn: move up]
9: go up or advance; "Sales were climbing after prices were
lowered" [syn: wax, mount, climb] [ant: wane]
10: get up and out of bed; "I get up at 7 A.M. every day"; "They
rose early"; "He uprose at night" [syn: get up, turn
out, arise, uprise] [ant: go to bed, go to bed]
11: rise in rank or status; "Her new novel jumped high on the
bestseller list" [syn: jump, climb up]
12: increase in volume; "the dough rose slowly in the warm room"
13: become heartened or elated; "Her spirits rose when she heard
the good news"
14: exert oneself to meet a challenge; "rise to a challenge";
"rise to the occasion"
15: take part in a rebellion; renounce a former allegiance [syn:
rebel, arise, rise up]
16: come up, of celestial bodies; "The sun also rises"; "The sun
uprising sees the dusk night fled..."; "Jupiter ascends"
[syn: come up, uprise, ascend] [ant: set]
17: return from the dead; "Christ is risen!"; "The dead are to
uprise" [syn: resurrect, uprise]
[also: rose, risen]
Many varieties of the rose proper are indigenous to Syria. The
famed rose of Damascus is white, but there are also red and
yellow roses. In Cant. 2:1 and Isa. 35:1 the Hebrew word
_habatstseleth_ (found only in these passages), rendered "rose"
(R.V. marg., "autumn crocus"), is supposed by some to mean the
oleander, by others the sweet-scented narcissus (a native of
Palestine), the tulip, or the daisy; but nothing definite can be
affirmed regarding it.
The "rose of Sharon" is probably the cistus or rock-rose,
several species of which abound in Palestine. "Mount Carmel
especially abounds in the cistus, which in April covers some of
the barer parts of the mountain with a glow not inferior to that
of the Scottish heather." (See MYRRH .)