knot /ˈnɑt/ 名詞
Knot, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Knotted; p. pr. & vb. n. Knotting.]
1. To tie in or with, or form into, a knot or knots; to form a knot on, as a rope; to entangle. “Knotted curls.”
As tight as I could knot the noose. --Tennyson.
2. To unite closely; to knit together.
3. To entangle or perplex; to puzzle. [Obs. or R.]
1. (a) A fastening together of the parts or ends of one or more threads, cords, ropes, etc., by any one of various ways of tying or entangling. (b) A lump or loop formed in a thread, cord, rope. etc., as at the end, by tying or interweaving it upon itself. (c) An ornamental tie, as of a ribbon.
Note: ☞ The names of knots vary according to the manner of their making, or the use for which they are intended; as, dowknot, reef knot, stopper knot, diamond knot, etc.
2. A bond of union; a connection; a tie. “With nuptial knot.”
Ere we knit the knot that can never be loosed. --Bp. Hall.
3. Something not easily solved; an intricacy; a difficulty; a perplexity; a problem.
Knots worthy of solution. --Cowper.
A man shall be perplexed with knots, and problems of business, and contrary affairs. --South.
4. A figure the lines of which are interlaced or intricately interwoven, as in embroidery, gardening, etc. “Garden knots.”
Flowers worthy of paradise, which, not nice art
In beds and curious knots, but nature boon
Poured forth profuse on hill, and dale, and plain. --Milton.
5. A cluster of persons or things; a collection; a group; a hand; a clique; as, a knot of politicians. “Knots of talk.”
His ancient knot of dangerous adversaries. --Shak.
Palms in cluster, knots of Paradise. --Tennyson.
As they sat together in small, separate knots, they discussed doctrinal and metaphysical points of belief. --Sir W. Scott.
6. A portion of a branch of a tree that forms a mass of woody fiber running at an angle with the grain of the main stock and making a hard place in the timber. A loose knot is generally the remains of a dead branch of a tree covered by later woody growth.
7. A knob, lump, swelling, or protuberance.
With lips serenely placid, felt the knot
Climb in her throat. --Tennyson.
8. A protuberant joint in a plant.
9. The point on which the action of a story depends; the gist of a matter. [Obs.]
I shoulde to the knotte condescend,
And maken of her walking soon an end. --Chaucer.
10. Mech. See Node.
11. Naut. (a) A division of the log line, serving to measure the rate of the vessel's motion. Each knot on the line bears the same proportion to a mile that thirty seconds do to an hour. The number of knots which run off from the reel in half a minute, therefore, shows the number of miles the vessel sails in an hour. Hence: (b) A nautical mile, or 6080.27 feet; as, when a ship goes nautical eight miles an hour, her speed is said to be eight knots.
12. A kind of epaulet. See Shoulder knot.
13. Zool. A sandpiper (Tringa canutus), found in the northern parts of all the continents, in summer. It is grayish or ashy above, with the rump and upper tail coverts white, barred with dusky. The lower parts are pale brown, with the flanks and under tail coverts white. When fat it is prized by epicures. Called also dunne.
Note: ☞ The name is said to be derived from King Canute, this bird being a favorite article of food with him.
The knot that called was Canutus' bird of old,
Of that great king of Danes his name that still doth hold,
His appetite to please that far and near was sought. --Drayton.
Knot, v. i.
1. To form knots or joints, as in a cord, a plant, etc.; to become entangled.
Cut hay when it begins to knot. --Mortimer.
2. To knit knots for fringe or trimming.
3. To copulate; -- said of toads. [R.]
n 1: a tight cluster of people or things; "a small knot of women
listened to his sermon"
2: any of various fastenings formed by looping and tying a rope
(or cord) upon itself or to another rope or to another
3: a hard cross-grained round piece of wood in a board where a
branch emerged; "the saw buckled when it hit a knot"
4: something twisted and tight and swollen; "their muscles
stood out in knots"; "the old man's fists were two great
gnarls"; "his stomach was in knots" [syn: gnarl]
5: a unit of length used in navigation; equivalent to the
distance spanned by one minute of arc in latitude; 1,852
meters [syn: nautical mile, mile, mi, naut mi, international
nautical mile, air mile]
6: soft lump or unevenness in a yarn; either an imperfection or
created by design [syn: slub, burl]
7: a sandpiper that breeds in the arctic and winters in the
southern hemisphere [syn: grayback, Calidris canutus]
v 1: make into knots; make knots out of; "She knotted der
2: tie or fasten into a knot; "knot the shoelaces"
3: tangle or complicate; "a ravelled story" [syn: ravel, tangle]
[ant: unravel, unravel]
[also: knotting, knotted]