cy·cle /ˈsaɪkəl/ 名詞
循環執行; 循環; 週期
Cy·cle v. i. [imp. & p. p. Cycled. p. pr. & vb. n. Cycling ]
1. To pass through a cycle2 of changes; to recur in cycles.
2. To ride a bicycle, tricycle, or other form of cycle.
1. An imaginary circle or orbit in the heavens; one of the celestial spheres.
2. An interval of time in which a certain succession of events or phenomena is completed, and then returns again and again, uniformly and continually in the same order; a periodical space of time marked by the recurrence of something peculiar; as, the cycle of the seasons, or of the year.
Wages . . . bear a full proportion . . . to the medium of provision during the last bad cycle of twenty years. --Burke.
3. An age; a long period of time.
Better fifty years of Europe than a cycle of Cathay. --Tennyson.
4. An orderly list for a given time; a calendar. [Obs.]
We . . . present our gardeners with a complete cycle of what is requisite to be done throughout every month of the year. --Evelyn.
5. The circle of subjects connected with the exploits of the hero or heroes of some particular period which have served as a popular theme for poetry, as the legend of Arthur and the knights of the Round Table, and that of Charlemagne and his paladins.
6. Bot. One entire round in a circle or a spire; as, a cycle or set of leaves.
7. A bicycle or tricycle, or other light velocipede.
9. Thermodynamics A series of operations in which heat is imparted to (or taken away from) a working substance which by its expansion gives up a part of its internal energy in the form of mechanical work (or being compressed increases its internal energy) and is again brought back to its original state.
10. Technology A complete positive and negative, or forward and reverse, action of any periodic process, such as a vibration, an electric field oscillation, or a current alternation; one period. Hence: Elec. A complete positive and negative wave of an alternating current. The number of cycles (per second) is a measure of the frequency of an alternating current.
Calippic cycle, a period of 76 years, or four Metonic cycles; -- so called from Calippus, who proposed it as an improvement on the Metonic cycle.
Cycle of eclipses, a period of about 6,586 days, the time of revolution of the moon's node; -- called Saros by the Chaldeans.
Cycle of indiction, a period of 15 years, employed in Roman and ecclesiastical chronology, not founded on any astronomical period, but having reference to certain judicial acts which took place at stated epochs under the Greek emperors.
Cycle of the moon, or Metonic cycle, a period of 19 years, after the lapse of which the new and full moon returns to the same day of the year; -- so called from Meton, who first proposed it.
Cycle of the sun, Solar cycle, a period of 28 years, at the end of which time the days of the month return to the same days of the week. The dominical or Sunday letter follows the same order; hence the solar cycle is also called the cycle of the Sunday letter. In the Gregorian calendar the solar cycle is in general interrupted at the end of the century.
n 1: an interval during which a recurring sequence of events
occurs; "the neverending cycle of the seasons" [syn: rhythm,
2: a series of poems or songs on the same theme; "schubert's
3: a periodically repeated sequence of events; "a cycle of
reprisal and retaliation"
4: the unit of frequency; one Hertz has a periodic interval of
one second [syn: Hertz, Hz, cycle per second, cycles/second,
5: a single complete execution of a periodically repeated
phenomenon; "a year constitutes a cycle of the seasons"
6: a wheeled vehicle that has two wheels and is moved by foot
pedals [syn: bicycle, bike, wheel]
v 1: cause to go through a recurring sequence; "cycle thge
laundry in this washing program"
2: pass through a cycle; "This machine automatically cycles"
3: ride a motorcycle [syn: motorcycle]
4: ride a bicycle [syn: bicycle, bike, pedal, wheel]
5: recur in repeating sequences