con·trol /kənˈtrol/ 動詞
1. A duplicate book, register, or account, kept to correct or check another account or register; a counter register. [Obs.]
2. That which serves to check, restrain, or hinder; restraint. “Speak without control.”
3. Power or authority to check or restrain; restraining or regulating influence; superintendence; government; as, children should be under parental control.
The House of Commons should exercise a control over all the departments of the executive administration. --Macaulay.
4. Mach. The complete apparatus used to control a mechanism or machine in operation, as a flying machine in flight; specifically Aëronautics, the mechanism controlling the rudders and ailerons.
5. Climatology Any of the physical factors determining the climate of any particular place, as latitude,distribution of land and water, altitude, exposure, prevailing winds, permanent high- or low-barometric-pressure areas, ocean currents, mountain barriers, soil, and vegetation.
Board of control. See under Board.
Con·trol, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Controlled p. pr. & vb. n. Controlling.] [Formerly written comptrol and controul.]
1. To check by a counter register or duplicate account; to prove by counter statements; to confute. [Obs.]
This report was controlled to be false. --Fuller.
2. To exercise restraining or governing influence over; to check; to counteract; to restrain; to regulate; to govern; to overpower.
Give me a staff of honor for mine age,
But not a scepter to control the world. --Shak.
I feel my virtue struggling in my soul:
But stronger passion does its power control. --Dryden.
Syn: -- To restrain; rule; govern; manage; guide; regulate; hinder; direct; check; curb; counteract; subdue.
n 1: power to direct or determine; "under control"
2: a relation of constraint of one entity (thing or person or
group) by another; "measures for the control of disease";
"they instituted controls over drinking on campus"
3: (physiology) regulation or maintenance of a function or
action or reflex etc; "the timing and control of his
movements were unimpaired"; "he had lost control of his
4: a standard against which other conditions can be compared in
a scientific experiment; "the control condition was
inappropriate for the conclusions he wished to draw" [syn:
5: the activity of managing or exerting control over something;
"the control of the mob by the police was admirable"
6: the state that exists when one person or group has power
over another; "her apparent dominance of her husband was
really her attempt to make him pay attention to her" [syn:
dominance, ascendance, ascendence, ascendancy, ascendency]
7: discipline in personal and social activities; "he was a
model of polite restraint"; "she never lost control of
herself" [syn: restraint] [ant: unrestraint]
8: great skillfulness and knowledge of some subject or
activity; "a good command of French" [syn: command, mastery]
9: the economic policy of controlling or limiting or curbing
prices or wages etc.; "they wanted to repeal all the
legislation that imposed economic controls"
10: a mechanism that controls the operation of a machine; "the
speed control on his turntable was not working properly";
"I turned the controls over to her" [syn: controller]
11: a spiritual agency that is assumed to assist the medium
during a seance
v 1: exercise authoritative control or power over; "control the
budget"; "Command the military forces" [syn: command]
2: lessen the intensity of; temper; hold in restraint; hold or
keep within limits; "moderate your alcohol intake"; "hold
your tongue"; "hold your temper"; "control your anger"
[syn: hold in, hold, contain, check, curb, moderate]
3: handle and cause to function; "do not operate machinery
after imbibing alcohol"; "control the lever" [syn: operate]
4: control (others or oneself) or influence skillfully, usually
to one's advantage; "She manipulates her boss"; "She is a
very controlling mother and doesn't let her children grow
up"; "The teacher knew how to keep the class in line";
"she keeps in line" [syn: manipulate, keep in line]
5: verify or regulate by conducting a parallel experiment or
comparing with another standard, of scientific
experiments; "Are you controlling for the temperature?"
6: verify by using a duplicate register for comparison;
"control an account"
7: be careful or certain to do something; make certain of
something; "He verified that the valves were closed"; "See
that the curtains are closed"; "control the quality of the
product" [syn: see, check, insure, see to it, ensure,
8: have a firm understanding or knowledge of; be on top of; "Do
you control these data?" [syn: master]
[also: controlling, controlled]