me·di·um /ˈmɪdɪəm/ 名詞
Me·di·um n.; pl. L. Media E. Mediums
1. That which lies in the middle, or between other things; intervening body or quantity. Hence, specifically: (a) Middle place or degree; mean.
The just medium . . . lies between pride and abjection. --L'Estrange.
(b) Math. See Mean. (c) Logic The mean or middle term of a syllogism; that by which the extremes are brought into connection.
2. A substance through which an effect is transmitted from one thing to another; as, air is the common medium of sound. Hence: The condition upon which any event or action occurs; necessary means of motion or action; that through or by which anything is accomplished, conveyed, or carried on; specifically, in animal magnetism, spiritualism, etc., a person through whom the action of another being is said to be manifested and transmitted.
Whether any other liquors, being made mediums, cause a diversity of sound from water, it may be tried. --Bacon.
I must bring together
All these extremes; and must remove all mediums. --Denham.
3. An average. [R.]
A medium of six years of war, and six years of peace. --Burke.
4. A trade name for printing and writing paper of certain sizes. See Paper.
5. Paint. The liquid vehicle with which dry colors are ground and prepared for application.
Circulating medium, a current medium of exchange, whether coin, bank notes, or government notes.
Ethereal medium Physics, the ether.
Medium of exchange, that which is used for effecting an exchange of commodities -- money or current representatives of money.
Me·di·um, a. Having a middle position or degree; mean; intermediate; medial; as, a horse of medium size; a decoction of medium strength.
adj 1: around the middle of a scale of evaluation of physical
measures; "an orange of average size"; "intermediate
capacity"; "a plane with intermediate range"; "medium
bombers" [syn: average, intermediate]
2: (of meat) cooked until there is just a little pink meat
n 1: a means or instrumentality for storing or communicating
2: the surrounding environment; "fish require an aqueous
3: an intervening substance through which signals can travel as
a means for communication
4: (bacteriology) a nutrient substance (solid or liquid) that
is used to cultivate micro-organisms [syn: culture medium]
5: an intervening substance through which something is
achieved; "the dissolving medium is called a solvent"
6: a liquid with which pigment is mixed by a painter
7: (biology) a substance in which specimens are preserved or
8: a state that is intermediate between extremes; a middle
position; "a happy medium"
9: someone who serves as an intermediary between the living and
the dead; "he consulted several mediums" [syn: spiritualist]
10: transmissions that are disseminated widely to the public
[syn: mass medium]
11: an occupation for which you are especially well suited; "in
law he found his true metier" [syn: metier]
[also: media (pl)]