light /ˈlaɪt/ 名詞
光 輕 燈
Light, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Lighted or Lit p. pr. & vb. n. Lighting.]
1. To set fire to; to cause to burn; to set burning; to ignite; to kindle; as, to light a candle or lamp; to light the gas; -- sometimes with up.
If a thousand candles be all lighted from one. --Hakewill.
And the largest lamp is lit. --Macaulay.
Absence might cure it, or a second mistress
Light up another flame, and put out this. --Addison.
2. To give light to; to illuminate; to fill with light; to spread over with light; -- often with up.
Ah, hopeless, lasting flames! like those that burn
To light the dead. --Pope.
One hundred years ago, to have lit this theater as brilliantly as it is now lighted would have cost, I suppose, fifty pounds. --F. Harrison.
The sun has set, and Vesper, to supply
His absent beams, has lighted up the sky. --Dryden.
3. To attend or conduct with a light; to show the way to by means of a light.
His bishops lead him forth, and light him on. --Landor.
To light a fire, to kindle the material of a fire.
Light a. [Compar. Lighter superl. Lightest.]
1. Having light; not dark or obscure; bright; clear; as, the apartment is light.
2. White or whitish; not intense or very marked; not of a deep shade; moderately colored; as, a light color; a light brown; a light complexion.
Light, v. i.
1. To become ignited; to take fire; as, the match will not light.
2. To be illuminated; to receive light; to brighten; -- with up; as, the room light up very well.
Light, a. [Compar. Lighter superl. Lightest.]
1. Having little, or comparatively little, weight; not tending to be the center of gravity with force; not heavy.
These weights did not exert their natural gravity, . . . insomuch that I could not guess which was light or heavy whilst I held them in my hand. --Addison.
2. Not burdensome; easy to be lifted, borne, or carried by physical strength; as, a light burden, or load.
Ye shall find rest unto your souls. For my yoke is easy, and my burden is light. --Matt. xi. 29, 30.
3. Easy to be endured or performed; not severe; not difficult; as, a light affliction or task.
Light sufferings give us leisure to complain. --Dryden.
4. Easy to be digested; not oppressive to the stomach; as, light food; also, containing little nutriment.
5. Not heavily armed; armed with light weapons; as, light troops; a troop of light horse.
6. Not encumbered; unembarrassed; clear of impediments; hence, active; nimble; swift.
Unmarried men are best friends, best masters . . . but not always best subjects, for they are light to run away. --Bacon.
7. Not heavily burdened; not deeply laden; not sufficiently ballasted; as, the ship returned light.
8. Slight; not important; as, a light error.
9. Well leavened; not heavy; as, light bread.
10. Not copious or heavy; not dense; not inconsiderable; as, a light rain; a light snow; light vapors.
11. Not strong or violent; moderate; as, a light wind.
12. Not pressing heavily or hard upon; hence, having an easy, graceful manner; delicate; as, a light touch; a light style of execution.
13. Easy to admit influence; inconsiderate; easily influenced by trifling considerations; unsteady; unsettled; volatile; as, a light, vain person; a light mind.
There is no greater argument of a light and inconsiderate person than profanely to scoff at religion. --Tillotson.
14. Indulging in, or inclined to, levity; wanting dignity or solemnity; trifling; gay; frivolous; airy; unsubstantial.
Seneca can not be too heavy, nor Plautus too light. --Shak.
Specimens of New England humor laboriously light and lamentably mirthful. --Hawthorne.
15. Not quite sound or normal; somewhat impaired or deranged; dizzy; giddy.
Are his wits safe? Is he not light of brain ? --Shak.
16. Easily bestowed; inconsiderately rendered.
To a fair semblance doth light faith annex. --Spenser.
17. Wanton; unchaste; as, a woman of light character.
A light wife doth make a heavy husband. --Shak.
18. Not of the legal, standard, or usual weight; clipped; diminished; as, light coin.
19. Loose; sandy; easily pulverized; as, a light soil.
Light cavalry, Light horse Mil., light-armed soldiers mounted on strong and active horses.
Light eater, one who eats but little.
Light infantry, infantry soldiers selected and trained for rapid evolutions.
Light of foot. (a) Having a light step. (b) Fleet.
Light of heart, gay, cheerful.
Light oil Chem., the oily product, lighter than water, forming the chief part of the first distillate of coal tar, and consisting largely of benzene and toluene.
Light sails Naut., all the sails above the topsails, with, also, the studding sails and flying jib. --Dana.
Light sleeper, one easily wakened.
Light weight, a prize fighter, boxer, wrestler, or jockey, who is below a standard medium weight. Cf. Feather weight, under Feather. [Cant]
To make light of, to treat as of little consequence; to slight; to disregard.
To set light by, to undervalue; to slight; to treat as of no importance; to despise.
Light adv. Lightly; cheaply.
Light, v. t. To lighten; to ease of a burden; to take off. [Obs.]
From his head the heavy burgonet did light. --Spenser.
Light, v. i. [imp. & p. p. Lighted or Lit p. pr. & vb. n. Lighting.]
1. To dismount; to descend, as from a horse or carriage; to alight; -- with from, off, on, upon, at, in.
When she saw Isaac, she lighted off the camel. --Gen. xxiv. 64.
Slowly rode across a withered heath,
And lighted at a ruined inn. --Tennyson.
2. To feel light; to be made happy. [Obs.]
It made all their hearts to light. --Chaucer.
3. To descend from flight, and rest, perch, or settle, as a bird or insect.
[The bee] lights on that, and this, and tasteth all. --Sir. J. Davies.
On the tree tops a crested peacock lit. --Tennyson.
4. To come down suddenly and forcibly; to fall; -- with on or upon.
On me, me only, as the source and spring
Of all corruption, all the blame lights due. --Milton.
5. To come by chance; to happen; -- with on or upon; formerly with into.
The several degrees of vision, which the assistance of glasses (casually at first lit on) has taught us to conceive. --Locke.
They shall light into atheistical company. --South.
And here we lit on Aunt Elizabeth,
And Lilia with the rest. --Tennyson.
1. That agent, force, or action in nature by the operation of which upon the organs of sight, objects are rendered visible or luminous.
Note: ☞ Light was regarded formerly as consisting of material particles, or corpuscules, sent off in all directions from luminous bodies, and traversing space, in right lines, with the known velocity of about 186,300 miles per second; but it is now generally understood to consist, not in any actual transmission of particles or substance, but in the propagation of vibrations or undulations in a subtile, elastic medium, or ether, assumed to pervade all space, and to be thus set in vibratory motion by the action of luminous bodies, as the atmosphere is by sonorous bodies. This view of the nature of light is known as the undulatory or wave theory; the other, advocated by Newton (but long since abandoned), as the corpuscular, emission, or Newtonian theory. A more recent theory makes light to consist in electrical oscillations, and is known as the electro-magnetic theory of light.
2. That which furnishes, or is a source of, light, as the sun, a star, a candle, a lighthouse, etc.
Then he called for a light, and sprang in. --Acts xvi. 29.
And God made two great lights; the greater light to rule the day, and the lesser light to rule the night. --Gen. i. 16.
3. The time during which the light of the sun is visible; day; especially, the dawn of day.
The murderer, rising with the light, killeth the poor and needy. --Job xxiv. 14.
4. The brightness of the eye or eyes.
He seemed to find his way without his eyes;
For out o'door he went without their helps,
And, to the last, bended their light on me. --Shak.
5. The medium through which light is admitted, as a window, or window pane; a skylight; in architecture, one of the compartments of a window made by a mullion or mullions.
There were windows in three rows, and light was against light in three ranks. --I Kings vii.4.
6. Life; existence.
O, spring to light, auspicious Babe, be born ! --Pope.
7. Open view; a visible state or condition; public observation; publicity.
The duke yet would have dark deeds darkly answered; he would never bring them to light. --Shak.
8. The power of perception by vision.
My strength faileth me; as for the light of my eyes, it also is gone from me. --Ps. xxxviii. 10.
9. That which illumines or makes clear to the mind; mental or spiritual illumination; enlightenment; knowledge; information.
He shall never know
That I had any light of this from thee. --Shak.
10. Prosperity; happiness; joy; felicity.
Then shall thy light break forth as the morning, and thy health shall spring forth speedily. --Is. lviii. 8.
11. Paint. The manner in which the light strikes upon a picture; that part of a picture which represents those objects upon which the light is supposed to fall; the more illuminated part of a landscape or other scene; -- opposed to shade. Cf. Chiaroscuro.
12. Appearance due to the particular facts and circumstances presented to view; point of view; as, to state things fairly and put them in the right light.
Frequent consideration of a thing . . . shows it in its several lights and various ways of appearance. --South.
13. One who is conspicuous or noteworthy; a model or example; as, the lights of the age or of antiquity.
Joan of Arc,
A light of ancient France. --Tennyson.
14. Pyrotech. A firework made by filling a case with a substance which burns brilliantly with a white or colored flame; as, a Bengal light.
Note: ☞ Light is used figuratively to denote that which resembles physical light in any respect, as illuminating, benefiting, enlightening, or enlivening mankind.
Ancient lights Law, Calcium light, Flash light, etc. See under Ancient, Calcium, etc.
Light ball Mil., a ball of combustible materials, used to afford light; -- sometimes made so as to be fired from a cannon or mortar, or to be carried up by a rocket.
Light barrel Mil., an empty power barrel pierced with holes and filled with shavings soaked in pitch, used to light up a ditch or a breach. --
Light dues Com., tolls levied on ships navigating certain waters, for the maintenance of lighthouses.
Light iron, a candlestick. [Obs.]
Light keeper, a person appointed to take care of a lighthouse or light-ship.
Light money, charges laid by government on shipping entering a port, for the maintenance of lighthouses and light-ships.
The light of the countenance, favor; kindness; smiles.
Lord, lift thou up the light of thy countenance upon us. --Ps. iv. 6.
-- Northern lights. See Aurora borealis, under Aurora.
To bring to light, to cause to be disclosed.
To come to light, to be disclosed.
To see the light, to come into the light; hence, to come into the world or into public notice; as, his book never saw the light.
To stand in one's own light, to take a position which is injurious to one's own interest.
adj 1: of comparatively little physical weight or density; "a light
load"; "magnesium is a light metal--having a specific
gravity of 1.74 at 20 degrees C" [ant: heavy]
2: (used of color) having a relatively small amount of coloring
agent; "light blue"; "light colors such as pastels"; "a
light-colored powder" [syn: light-colored] [ant: dark]
3: of the military or industry; using (or being) relatively
small or light arms or equipment; "light infantry"; "light
cavalry"; "light industry"; "light weapons" [ant: heavy]
4: not great in degree or quantity or number; "a light
sentence"; "a light accent"; "casualties were light";
"light snow was falling"; "light misty rain"; "light smoke
from the chimney" [ant: heavy]
5: psychologically light; especially free from sadness or
troubles; "a light heart" [ant: heavy]
6: characterized by or emitting light; "a room that is light
when the shutters are open"; "the inside of the house was
airy and light" [ant: dark]
7: used of vowels or syllables; pronounced with little or no
stress; "a syllable that ends in a short vowel is a light
syllable"; "a weak stress on the second syllable" [syn: unaccented,
8: easily assimilated in the alimentary canal; not rich or
heavily seasoned; "a light diet"
9: (used of soil) loose and large-grained in consistency;
"light sandy soil" [syn: friable, sandy]
10: (of sound or color) free from anything that dulls or dims;
"efforts to obtain a clean bass in orchestral
recordings"; "clear laughter like a waterfall"; "clear
reds and blues"; "a light lilting voice like a silver
bell" [syn: clean, clear, unclouded]
11: moving easily and quickly; nimble; "the dancer was light and
graceful"; "a lightsome buoyant step"; "walked with a
light tripping step" [syn: lightsome, tripping]
12: demanding little effort; not burdensome; "light housework";
13: of little intensity or power or force; "the light touch of
her fingers"; "a light breeze" [ant: heavy]
14: (physics, chemistry) not having atomic weight greater than
average; "light water is ordinary water" [ant: heavy]
15: weak and likely to lose consciousness; "suddenly felt faint
from the pain"; "was sick and faint from hunger"; "felt
light in the head"; "a swooning fit"; "light-headed with
wine"; "light-headed from lack of sleep" [syn: faint, swooning,
16: very thin and insubstantial; "thin paper"; "flimsy voile";
"light summer dresses" [syn: flimsy]
17: marked by temperance in indulgence; "abstemious meals"; "a
light eater"; "a light smoker"; "ate a light supper"
[syn: abstemious, light(a)]
18: less than the correct or legal or full amount often
deliberately so; "a light pound"; "a scant cup of sugar";
"regularly gives short weight" [syn: scant(p), short]
19: having little importance; "losing his job was no light
20: intended primarily as entertainment; not serious or
profound; "light verse"; "a light comedy"
21: silly or trivial; "idle pleasure"; "light banter"; "light
idle chatter" [syn: idle]
22: having a spongy or flaky texture; well-leavened; "light
23: designed for ease of movement or to carry little weight;
"light aircraft"; "a light truck"
24: having relatively few calories; "diet cola"; "light (or
lite) beer"; "lite (or light) mayonnaise"; "a low-cal
diet" [syn: lite, low-cal]
25: (of sleep) easily disturbed; "in a light doze"; "a light
sleeper"; "a restless wakeful night" [syn: wakeful]
26: casual and unrestrained in sexual behavior; "her easy
virtue"; "he was told to avoid loose (or light) women";
"wanton behavior" [syn: easy, loose, promiscuous, sluttish,
n 1: (physics) electromagnetic radiation that can produce a
visual sensation; "the light was filtered through a soft
glass window" [syn: visible light, visible radiation]
2: any device serving as a source of illumination; "he stopped
the car and turned off the lights" [syn: light source]
3: a particular perspective or aspect of a situation; "although
he saw it in a different light, he still did not
4: the quality of being luminous; emitting or reflecting light;
"its luminosity is measured relative to that of our sun"
[syn: luminosity, brightness, brightness level, luminance,
5: an illuminated area; "he stepped into the light"
6: a condition of spiritual awareness; divine illumination;
"follow God's light" [syn: illumination]
7: the visual effect of illumination on objects or scenes as
created in pictures; "he could paint the lightest light
and the darkest dark" [syn: lightness]
8: a person regarded very fondly; "the light of my life"
9: mental understanding as an enlightening experience; "he
finally saw the light"; "can you shed light on this
10: having abundant light or illumination; "they played as long
as it was light"; "as long as the lighting was good"
[syn: lighting] [ant: dark]
11: public awareness; "it brought the scandal to light"
12: brightness and animation of countenance; "he had a sparkle
in his eye" [syn: sparkle, spark]
13: a divine presence believed by Quakers to enlighten and guide
the soul [syn: Inner Light, Light Within, Christ
14: a visual warning signal; "they saw the light of the beacon";
"there was a light at every corner"
15: a device for lighting or igniting fuel or charges or fires;
"do you have a light?" [syn: lighter, igniter, ignitor]
adv : with few burdens; "experienced travellers travel light"
v 1: make lighter or brighter; "This lamp lightens the room a
bit" [syn: illume, illumine, light up, illuminate]
2: begin to smoke; "After the meal, some of the diners lit up"
[syn: light up, fire up]
3: to come to rest, settle; "Misfortune lighted upon him" [syn:
4: cause to start burning; subject to fire or great heat;
"Great heat can ignite almost any dry matter"; "Light a
cigarette" [syn: ignite] [ant: snuff out]
5: fall to somebody by assignment or lot; "The task fell to
me"; "It fell to me to notify the parents of the victims"
6: get off (a horse) [syn: unhorse, dismount, get off, get
the offspring of the divine command (Gen. 1:3). "All the more
joyous emotions of the mind, all the pleasing sensations of the
frame, all the happy hours of domestic intercourse were
habitually described among the Hebrews under imagery derived
from light" (1 Kings 11:36; Isa. 58:8; Esther 8:16; Ps. 97:11).
Light came also naturally to typify true religion and the
felicity it imparts (Ps. 119:105; Isa. 8:20; Matt. 4:16, etc.),
and the glorious inheritance of the redeemed (Col. 1:12; Rev.
21:23-25). God is said to dwell in light inaccessible (1 Tim.
6:16). It frequently signifies instruction (Matt. 5:16; John
5:35). In its highest sense it is applied to Christ as the "Sun
of righteousness" (Mal. 4:2; Luke 2:32; John 1:7-9). God is
styled "the Father of lights" (James 1:17). It is used of angels
(2 Cor. 11:14), and of John the Baptist, who was a "burning and
a shining light" (John 5:35), and of all true disciples, who are
styled "the light of the world" (Matt. 5:14).